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Israel, Zionism, and the (((Jews)))

Posted By on December 23, 2018

I didnt want to write about this. I dont want to write about this. But circumstances give me little choice. The ancient poison has been spreading, and the last major pogrom (this one industrialized) ended 73 years ago. The pogrom cycle is coming around again.

Most people, thankfully, are no longer susceptible to the poison. But others still are, and they are being openly encouraged. I cant be sure how much this article will help, but neither can I watch in silence. I wont.

Let me start by being very clear on a handful of basics:

Israel is a state, a violence-based hierarchy like every other state. It has done and will continue to do immoral things. Thats what all states do. To focus solely on Israel is to distort reality for a separate purpose.

Zionism had a reason has a reason. To portray it as some kind of signature evil to use the term as an all-purpose condemnation is not based on reason or justice; its based on uglier things. And let me doubly clear: I am not a Zionist myself, but neither am I blind to the reasons for Zionism.

Jews come in all flavors: A few are saints, a few are sinners, and most are in between. Just like every other group you can point to.

Stories of Jewish conspiracies are vile fantasies. Do Jews sometimes do favors for other Jews? Sure, just like the Irish sometimes do favors for other Irishmen, Italians for other Italians, and so on. But no more than that. Ive been in positions to know, and there was simply nothing there. But reality doesnt matter in this area; those who crave such stories will grab them regardless.

Being anti-Jew is an obsessive disorder. Such people have a compulsion to accuse Jews. Thats why they cling to terms like Zionist, Zio, the Chosen, the Tribe, and now (((the triple parentheses))). They have a psychological need to say Jews whether directly or through code words. Some of them troll the internet looking for opportunities.

Now Ill get to some details.

Individual Israelis are no more responsible for the actions of the Israeli government than individual Americans are culpable for Abu Ghraib. Governments force people to pay for their crimes, and the government of Israel is no exception. And to pretend that Jews in general are somehow responsible for the actions of the Israeli government runs toward madness.

The actions of the Israeli government are front-page news everywhere and at all times. That is fully out of touch with reality. In truth, its the result of a propaganda war that the Israelis are losing badly.

Again, this is obsessive. Israel is less than 1% the size of Arab-held lands, and yet they are portrayed as the biggest, nastiest bully ever seen in the Middle East. And whatever the evils of the Israelis, I think they pale compared to large-scale honor killings, genital mutilations, and death sentences upon people who change religions. And yet, those stories are seen approximately never on CBS, NBC, ABC, CNN, FOX, MSNBC, etc.

Consider also that the Israelis have made multiple and substantive peace overtures to the Palestinians, while the Hamas Charter openly calls for Israels destruction.

Israel is a barely visible spec on a world map and is projecting military power almost nowhere beyond its own tiny borders. And contrary to what you may have heard, Israels military budget is less than one-third of Saudi Arabias. Likewise, while Israel does get considerable US military financing, Egypt gets more.

These days, however, facts seldom get in the way of a flamboyant story.

And please remember that 1.6 million Arabs are legal citizens and legal voters in Israel. I encourage you to discover how many Jews are legal citizens and/or legal voters in Jordan, Arabia, and so on.

The Jews were ejected from Judea, their long-time homeland, in stages, but mainly in 70 AD and 132 AD. Ever since, theyve been repetitively beaten, robbed, killed, expelled in mass, shut up in ghettos, and denied recourse for their grievances. This has continued for almost 2,000 years. Can any sane person not understand their desire for a safe place?

That is what Zionism is about.

Jews tried all kinds of strategies to cope with their endless abuse. None of them worked long term. Thats how Israel became the solution.

And by the way, Zionists purchased their land from the Arabs, until they were attacked for it.

What confuses people about the Jews is that they are a religion and a people, even a nation, with or without the state of Israel. But thats not unique. The Basques, for example, have been both a people and a nation for a long, long time, whether or not they had a state.

In any event, the Hebrews and the Jews (the same folks, though I draw a line between the two designations in the 6th century BC) have been hated throughout history. They were hated at 2500 BC, they were hated at 500 BC and 500 AD and 1500 AD, and theyre sometimes hated now.

Theyve been hated for lots of reasons of course, but a major component of it was that they made other people, and especially sacrifice collectors, look bad. And making such people look bad is a dangerous line of work.

So, how did they anger the sacrifice collectors? Well, thats something the Jews have inadvertently specialized in. Here are the primary ways:

They developed belief in a god that dealt with individuals rather than collectives. (City-states being the primary collectives at the time.) That was contrary to the rationale of sacrifice for Sumerians, Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.

Making matters worse, the Jews described a god who listened to and spoke to the humble and who turned his back to the mighty. Again, that disrupted the ruling rationale of the empires.

Making things still worse, the Jews placed justice above the ruler, another intolerable demotion of the big man, who demanded to be justice personified.

Because of these three offenses, the Hebrews and Jews were generally pushed out of polite company and forced to live on the peripheries. And from that they learned to think and operate as outsiders: separate from enforced hierarchies and collectives. That, to the sacrifice collectors, turned the Jews into a potentially deadly virus.

On top of that, Jews always majored on morality, which meant that theyd consistently show the world a humane outside, something that shouldnt exist according to the legends of the nations.

Rather than going on, Ill close with a single line from Eric Hoffers The Passionate State of Mind. You can provide your own commentary:

There are many who find a good alibi far more attractive than an achievement.

* * * * *

As it turns out, history was never too hard to understand; they just told you the wrong story.

Comments from readers:

This is the most amazing little book I have read on history in 36 years of reading history.

It will change the way you look at nearly everything.

I will flat out say that this is the best history book I have ever read I am fairly well read, but I learned a tremendous amount that I hadnt known before or hadnt aligned so that it made sense.

This is the best and clearest description of the history of Western civilization I have ever read.

Packed with insights on every page concerning how the world came to be the way it is and what we might expect in the future.

Get it at Amazon or on Kindle.

* * * * *

Paul Rosenbergwww.freemansperspective.com

Continued here:
Israel, Zionism, and the (((Jews)))

Category:Zionism – Wikimedia Commons

Posted By on December 23, 2018

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Category:Zionism - Wikimedia Commons

The Case of the Holocaust Denial – Global Freedom of Expression

Posted By on December 20, 2018

Case Summary and Outcome

The Constitutional Court of Spain struck down part of a provision of the Criminal Code that penalized the denial and justification of the Nazi holocaust. The case was brought to the Constitutional Court by the Third Section of the Provincial Court of Barcelona after an individual was sentenced to an effective five years imprisonment for distributing material that denied the Holocaust. The Constitutional Court held that the simple denial of the Holocaust was a legitimate expression of freedom of speech as it did not constitute any threat or incitement to commit genocide and so declared that aspect of the legislation unconstitutional. However, the Court held that the legislations criminalization of the justification of the Holocaust was constitutional as expressions of justification constituted an indirect incitement to commit genocide.

Pedro Varela Geis was an owner of a library in Barcelona, Spain who distributed and sold different materials (including books, publications, letters, among others) that denied the Nazi holocaust that had occurred during the Second World War. Most of the documents incited the discrimination and hate against the Jewish community, and the people who visited the library most frequently were youths who believed in the use of violent means to resolve conflict.

On November 16, 1998, the Third Criminal Court of Barcelona sentenced Verla Geis to two years in prison under article 607.2 of the Criminal Code, for diffusion by any means of ideas or doctrines that deny or justify the crimes in the preceding Section of this Article, or that aim to reinstate regimes or institutions that protect practices that generate these . It also sentenced him to three additional years under article 510.1 of the Criminal Code for provoking discrimination, hate or violence against groups or associations due to racist, anti-Semitic reasons or any other related ideology, religion or belief, family situation, belonging to an ethnic group or race, national origin, gender, sexual preference, illness or handicap.

The Third Section of the Provincial Court of Barcelona appealed the judgment to the Constitutional Court on the grounds that it believed there was a constitutional incompatibility between the punishment of holocaust denial or justification in article 607.2 of the Criminal Code and the right to freedom of expression protected by article 20.1. of the Spanish Constitution.

The central issue before the Constitutional Court was whether article 607.2s criminalization (with the sanction of imprisonment) of the dissemination of ideas or doctrines denying or justifying the Holocaust was compatible with the constitutionally protected right to freedom of expression.

The appellant Court argued that the article was contrary to the right to freely express ideas and opinions.

TheAttorney General and the Prosecution Ministry argued that States are allowed to implement laws which interfere in the exercise of the right to freedom of expressionprovided that such restrictions aim to achieve a constitutionally legitimate purpose. They submitted that, in the present case, the legislators intention had been to preventconduct that could potentially generate further acts of racial or ethnic violence [p.14], and that the limitation of the right to freedom of expression through article 607.2 was therefore permissible.

The Constitutional Court acknowledged that article 607.2 addresses crimes ofgenocide defined as those who aim to fully or partially exterminate a national, ethnic, racial, religious or specific group.

In assessing the nature of the right to freedom of expression, the Court referred to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) jurisprudence which stressed that the right is a fundamental pillar in every democratic society, and recognized that the existence of free public opinion is an essential precondition for the exercise of other rights in the democratic system. The Courtnoted that, under Spanish law (STC 174-2006),the right to freedom of expression includes the freedom to criticize, even when this can be unpleasant and can disturb, concern or displease the target and so the right allows not only the dissemination of harmless ideas, but also those which are contrary to the views of State or any part of the population. Similarly, the Court recognized that theright encompasses the protection of subjective opinions about historic facts and that irrespective of how erroneous or unfounded they may the expression of the opinion is valid so long as it does not threaten the dignity of individuals or the peaceful coexistence of all members of society.

The Court held that statements, opinions and doubts about the concentration camps and the Nazi crimes against the Jewish community are protected by the right to freedom of expression, regardless of how reprehensible or misinterpreted they may be. The Court emphasized that these statements must be understood as subjective opinions on historical events.

However, the Court clarified that this does not imply that the free dissemination of ideas is an absolute right as degrading or offensive expressions are excluded from the protection of the right. The Court highlighted that article 20.1 of the Constitution does not protect expressions of a racist or xenophobic nature, and so the right to express and share a certain understanding of history does not extend to the discrimination of a group by virtue of its race or ethnicity. Accordingly, it does not protectoffensive statements against the Jewish people that deny the existence of the Nazi genocide.

In addition, the Court held that the right does not protect hate speech, which it defined asthe direct incitement to violence against citizens in general or against certain races or beliefs in particular [p.20]. Here again the Court referred to the ECtHR jurisprudence and noted that in assessing the legitimacy of limitations to the right it is necessary not only to prove the existence of damage, but also the express intention to destroy the freedom of others.

When applying these principles to the present case, the Court held that article 607.2 criminalized the mere expression of opinion without the additional requirements of the relevant statements including xenophobia or racism or incitement (direct or indirect) to commit genocide. The Court held that the structure of the article therefore did not require the presence of a threat or damage to other constitutionally protected rights in order for a crime to have been committed, and noted that the article criminalizes conduct that does not necessarily create a hostile environment.

The Court held that the criminalization of the denial of the Holocaust article did not constitute a justifiable use of criminal law to limit the right to freedom of expression because the mere denial of the Holocaust does not threaten the enjoyment of other constitutionally protected rights.

However, the Court held that this did not apply to article 607.2s criminalization of the justification of crimes committed against Jews during the Second World War. The Court held that justifying these atrocities constitutes an indirect incitement to its perpetration [p. 27] and so expressions of this nature cannot be protected by article 20.1 of the Constitution. Accordingly, the Court held that to the extent that article 607.2 criminalizes the justification of those atrocities it is a legitimate limitation of the right and therefore constitutional.

The Court declared that the word deny in article 607.2 was unconstitutional as it unjustifiably limited the right to freedom of expression, but that the provisions criminalization of the expression of ideas or doctrines justifying the crimes of genocide was a constitutional limitation of the right to freedom of expression.

There were four dissenting opinions. Judge Roberto Garcia-Calvo y Montiel stated that freedomof expression is not an absolute right and that racist or xenophobic statements are not protected under this right. In addition, he noted that there is a legal obligation to all States to prevent further acts of violence against determined groups and that allowing statements that deny atrocities from the past goes against this mandate. He stated that the Court should have examined the constitutionality of the article as a whole rather than assessing its distinct parts.

Judge Jorge Rodriguez-Zapata Perez referred to the historical context that addresses laws that punishthose who deny or misinterpret the Nazi holocaust. He also referred to the threat against pluralism in the European Union and noted that, so as not to repeat the errors of the last century, European States cannot become a refuge and propaganda centre for new xenophobic and racist groups. He noted that widening the scope of the protection of the right to freedom of expressionrepresents a regression in the guarantees of pluralism that have prevailed in Spain and Europe.

Judge Ramn Rodrguez Arribas stated that denying the Nazi genocide disrespects its victims and that by arguing that the right to freedom of expression protects such statements does, in fact, impair the right itself. He commented that protecting distorted opinions about this historical event encourages forgetting what actually happened. He emphasized that article 607.3 sought to protect society from behavior which could create an environment of violence and racial, ethnic or religious discrimination.

Judge Pascual Sala Sanchez stated that the majority judgments interpretation is contrary to Spains international legal obligations which require States to take effective measures to punish justification of genocide (including thedenial and trivialization of such crimes). He stated that the majority judgment restricts the scope of the legislation to criminalize and punish such reproachable conduct.

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The Case of the Holocaust Denial - Global Freedom of Expression

Berlin Winner Radu Jude on Holocaust Denial Film Barbarians

Posted By on December 20, 2018

Berlin Winner Radu Jude on Holocaust Denial Film Barbarians:https://variety.com/2018/film/global/....

Thanks for watching, subscribe for more videos:https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCSou...Radu Judes I Do Not Care If We Go Down in History as Barbarians, which has its world premiere Monday in Karlovy Vary Film Festivals main competition, has ruffled as many feathers in his native Romania as the films central character does in the town where she is staging a historical reenactment of a chapter from the Holocaust. In a country where many still refuse to discuss its role as a Nazi ally in common with several others in Europe the subject is still raw, says the writer/director. Jude, who won the best director award at the Berlin Film Festival for Aferim!, focusing on 19th-century life in Jewish settlements, made Barbarians as a co-production with France, Bulgaria, Germany and the Czech Republic. Beta Cinema is handling world sales rights. Did you face political pressure not to explore this subject as your director character does? How did you handle that? There was some, but less than we expected and it would take too long to describe it. What was more unexpected was that a lot of people from the crew or cast proved to be Holocaust deniers in various degrees (mostly soft), but they didnt tell me directly, I just heard it via word of mouth.Only one actor, an older one, made a racist and denialist rant at the casting session. Afterwards I gave him the screenplay and I expected that hed withdraw from the project after reading it, but he didnt and explained to me that the script doesnt explicitly show the involvement of the Romanian army in massacres in 1941, but only raises the question, the possibility. How extensive is Holocaust denial in Romania these days and is this why you decided to take this on? At the official level, the denial doesnt exist anymore I think it was also one of the conditions for joining the EU (this is why, prior to that, all the statues of Romanias wartime leader Ion Antonescu were removed from public squares). At the level of the people, thats something else: It exists, but I dont know how widespread it is quite a lot, I would say, judging from my chance conversations with people. Theres a lot of admiration [in Romania] for Antonescu, Hitlers forgotten ally. Many seem to have this nostalgia for a ruler with an iron hand. But there are also more and more honest books about the past, so theres hope. Your focus on Antonescu, who ordered massacres of Jews in Bessarabia and Bukovina, is quite enlightening, certainly. As for my personal desire to touch on this topic, there are many reasons. I can think of two: first, I belong to a generation that was lied to nobody told us about the dark parts of our history. Second, I didnt want to make a Holocaust film but to find ways to make a film that brings together the present day and this dark past, with the hope that one can see the present (and the past, too) more clearly. Your main character, the director Mariana Marin, is constantly challenged by men were you trying to shed light on the obstacles facing women in film? Not n#BerlinWinnerRaduJude, #HolocaustDenialFilmBarbarians#KarlovyVaryFilmFestival, #RaduJude

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Berlin Winner Radu Jude on Holocaust Denial Film Barbarians

Sephardic Jews: History, Religion and People: Ron D Hart …

Posted By on December 20, 2018

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Pepe the Frog designated hate symbol by ADL – CNN

Posted By on December 20, 2018

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CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/jeanne-moos-profile" target="_blank">Jeanne Moosu003c/a> reports on Bernie making faces while Hillary speaks."},{"title":"Touching photo of bride and her service dog goes viral","duration":"02:20","sourceName":"KSFY","sourceLink":"http://www.ksfy.com/home/headlines/Photographer-captures-viral-photo-of-bride-and-medical-alert-dog-365507851.html","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2016/01/16/service-dog-bridal-viral-photos-dnt.ksfy/index.xml","videoId":"us/2016/01/16/service-dog-bridal-viral-photos-dnt.ksfy","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160116171703-04-service-dog-bride-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2016/01/16/service-dog-bridal-viral-photos-dnt.ksfy/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A photo of a bride being comforted by her service dog before walking down the aisle has taken the Internet by storm. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.ksfy.com/home/headlines/Photographer-captures-viral-photo-of-bride-and-medical-alert-dog-365507851.html" target="_blank">KSFYu003c/a> has the story.","descriptionText":"A photo of a bride being comforted by her service dog before walking down the aisle has taken the Internet by storm. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.ksfy.com/home/headlines/Photographer-captures-viral-photo-of-bride-and-medical-alert-dog-365507851.html" target="_blank">KSFYu003c/a> has the story."},{"title":"Couple's post-crash reunion photo goes viral","duration":"01:44","sourceName":"WTVF","sourceLink":"http://www.newschannel5.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2016/01/09/couple-viral-photo-after-car-crash-nashville-pkg.wtvf/index.xml","videoId":"us/2016/01/09/couple-viral-photo-after-car-crash-nashville-pkg.wtvf","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160109150252-arika-stovall-hunter-hanks-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2016/01/09/couple-viral-photo-after-car-crash-nashville-pkg.wtvf/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A Facebook photo showing a young couple's hospital reunion after a car accident has gone viral. CNN affilliate u003ca href="http://www.newschannel5.com/" target="_blank">WTVFu003c/a> has the details.","descriptionText":"A Facebook photo showing a young couple's hospital reunion after a car accident has gone viral. CNN affilliate u003ca href="http://www.newschannel5.com/" target="_blank">WTVFu003c/a> has the details."},{"title":"Surprising catch shocks fisherman","duration":"01:26","sourceName":"Jason Frost","sourceLink":"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8WFqM9wMrQ","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/living/2015/09/01/fisherman-catches-kittens-orig-dlewis-duplicate-2.jason-frost/index.xml","videoId":"living/2015/09/01/fisherman-catches-kittens-orig-dlewis-duplicate-2.jason-frost","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150901130648-fisherman-catches-kittens-01-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/living/2015/09/01/fisherman-catches-kittens-orig-dlewis-duplicate-2.jason-frost/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"u003ca href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8WFqM9wMrQ" target="_blank">A fisherman in Alabama rescued two kittensu003c/a> that swam to his boat. The rescue video has gone viral with over nine million views.","descriptionText":"u003ca href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8WFqM9wMrQ" target="_blank">A fisherman in Alabama rescued two kittensu003c/a> that swam to his boat. The rescue video has gone viral with over nine million views."},{"title":"'Stoner Sloth' ad campaign lights up the Internet","duration":"02:09","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/world/2015/12/27/stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"world/2015/12/27/stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/151226194855-stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg-00001722-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/world/2015/12/27/stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"The "Stoner Sloth" ad campaign meant to discourage Australian youth from smoking marijuana, but things didn't exactly go as planned. 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CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.wftv.com/news/local/dad-saves-son-from-flying-baseball-bat/150037856" target="_blank">WFTVu003c/a> spoke to the family.","descriptionText":"A photo of Shaun Cunningham saving his son from a rogue bat at a baseball game has gone viral. 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CNN affiliate WEWS has more."},{"title":"Rapper celebrates loan pay off with viral hit","duration":"01:22","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/entertainment/2016/02/23/sallie-mae-back-dee1-video-viral-orig-mss.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"entertainment/2016/02/23/sallie-mae-back-dee1-video-viral-orig-mss.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160223180541-sallie-mae-back-dee1-video-viral-orig-mss-00003728-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/entertainment/2016/02/23/sallie-mae-back-dee1-video-viral-orig-mss.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"To commemorate paying off his student loans, rapper Dee-1 made a music video that went viral.","descriptionText":"To commemorate paying off his student loans, rapper Dee-1 made a music video that went viral."},{"title":"Mom's 'wine workout' goes viral","duration":"01:40","sourceName":"KRCR","sourceLink":"http://www.krcrtv.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2016/02/23/viral-wine-workout-pkg.krcr/index.xml","videoId":"us/2016/02/23/viral-wine-workout-pkg.krcr","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160223102123-wine-workout-viral-video-large-169.png","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2016/02/23/viral-wine-workout-pkg.krcr/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A 24-year-old mother's workout video featuring wine has gone viral. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.krcrtv.com/" target="_blank">KRCRu003c/a> reports.","descriptionText":"A 24-year-old mother's workout video featuring wine has gone viral. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.krcrtv.com/" target="_blank">KRCRu003c/a> reports."},{"title":"Sleeping intern goes viral ","duration":"01:39","sourceName":"CTV News","sourceLink":"http://www.ctvnews.ca/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/world/2016/02/16/sleeping-intern-viral-pkg.ctv-news/index.xml","videoId":"world/2016/02/16/sleeping-intern-viral-pkg.ctv-news","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160208214655-sleeping-intern-pkg-00004403-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/world/2016/02/16/sleeping-intern-viral-pkg.ctv-news/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"An intern fell asleep on his second day. His co-workers noticed the dozing intern and decided to have a little fun. CNN affiliateu003ca href="http://www.ctvnews.ca/" target="_blank"> CTV News u003c/a>reports. ","descriptionText":"An intern fell asleep on his second day. His co-workers noticed the dozing intern and decided to have a little fun. CNN affiliateu003ca href="http://www.ctvnews.ca/" target="_blank"> CTV News u003c/a>reports. "},{"title":"Unusual ultrasound goes viral","duration":"01:22","sourceName":"KAKE","sourceLink":"http://www.kake.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2016/02/12/ultrasound-baby-punch-himself-kansas-pkg.kake/index.xml","videoId":"us/2016/02/12/ultrasound-baby-punch-himself-kansas-pkg.kake","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160212172856-ultrasound-baby-punch-himself-kansas-pkg-00010709-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2016/02/12/ultrasound-baby-punch-himself-kansas-pkg.kake/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A Kansas couple's ultrasound of their unborn baby punching himself in the face is going viral. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.kake.com/home/headlines/Wichita-couples-ultrasound-shows-baby-punching-own-face-368565561.html" target="_blank">KAKEu003c/a> reports.","descriptionText":"A Kansas couple's ultrasound of their unborn baby punching himself in the face is going viral. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.kake.com/home/headlines/Wichita-couples-ultrasound-shows-baby-punching-own-face-368565561.html" target="_blank">KAKEu003c/a> reports."},{"title":"TV anchor's viral Bernie Sanders mistake","duration":"01:59","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/shows/erin-burnett-out-front","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/entertainment/2016/02/11/bernie-sanders-sandwiches-debate-pkg-moos-erin.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"entertainment/2016/02/11/bernie-sanders-sandwiches-debate-pkg-moos-erin.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160210201647-bernie-sanders-sandwiches-debate-pkg-moos-erin-00002330-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/entertainment/2016/02/11/bernie-sanders-sandwiches-debate-pkg-moos-erin.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Anchor hilariously calls Bernie Sanders ... "Bernie Sandwiches." CNN's Jeanne Moos reports the Internet ate it up.","descriptionText":"Anchor hilariously calls Bernie Sanders ... "Bernie Sandwiches." CNN's Jeanne Moos reports the Internet ate it up."},{"title":"Internet wonders: Which one is the mom?","duration":"01:17","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/shows/new-day","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/tv/2016/02/05/mom-twin-daughters-viral-photo-daily-hit-new-day.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"tv/2016/02/05/mom-twin-daughters-viral-photo-daily-hit-new-day.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160204164436-mom-twin-daughters-viral-photo-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/tv/2016/02/05/mom-twin-daughters-viral-photo-daily-hit-new-day.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Kaylan Mahomes posted this photo of her, sister Kyla and their mother on Twitter.","descriptionText":"Kaylan Mahomes posted this photo of her, sister Kyla and their mother on Twitter."},{"title":"Man in dinosaur costume does tricks on horseback","duration":"01:24","sourceName":"WDAM","sourceLink":"http://www.wdam.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/living/2016/02/04/man-in-dinosaur-costume-rides-horse-dnt.wdam/index.xml","videoId":"living/2016/02/04/man-in-dinosaur-costume-rides-horse-dnt.wdam","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160204143413-man-in-dinosaur-costume-rides-horse-dnt-00000907-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/living/2016/02/04/man-in-dinosaur-costume-rides-horse-dnt.wdam/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A Mississippi man dressed in a dinosaur costume showed off his horseback riding skills in a viral video. u003ca href="http://www.wdam.com/" target="_blank">WDAMu003c/a> reports.","descriptionText":"A Mississippi man dressed in a dinosaur costume showed off his horseback riding skills in a viral video. u003ca href="http://www.wdam.com/" target="_blank">WDAMu003c/a> reports."},{"title":"Watch preemie twins hold hands","duration":"01:38","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/shows/new-day","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/tv/2016/01/21/preemie-twins-hold-hands-daily-hit-newday.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"tv/2016/01/21/preemie-twins-hold-hands-daily-hit-newday.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160121091204-preemie-twins-hold-hands-daily-hit-newday-00003719-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/tv/2016/01/21/preemie-twins-hold-hands-daily-hit-newday.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Preemie twins Kristian and Kristiana were caught on video holding hands while laying against their father's chest, and it's gone viral.","descriptionText":"Preemie twins Kristian and Kristiana were caught on video holding hands while laying against their father's chest, and it's gone viral."},{"title":"Sanders' side-eye wins the debate, Internet","duration":"01:51","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://us.cnn.com/shows/erin-burnett-out-front","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/politics/2016/01/15/bernie-sanders-viral-faces-debate-moos-pkg-erin.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"politics/2016/01/15/bernie-sanders-viral-faces-debate-moos-pkg-erin.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160118200520-bernie-sanders-viral-faces-debate-moos-pkg-erin-00000924-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/politics/2016/01/15/bernie-sanders-viral-faces-debate-moos-pkg-erin.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"The stink-eye enters the 2016 Presidential race. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/jeanne-moos-profile" target="_blank">Jeanne Moosu003c/a> reports on Bernie making faces while Hillary speaks.","descriptionText":"The stink-eye enters the 2016 Presidential race. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/jeanne-moos-profile" target="_blank">Jeanne Moosu003c/a> reports on Bernie making faces while Hillary speaks."},{"title":"Touching photo of bride and her service dog goes viral","duration":"02:20","sourceName":"KSFY","sourceLink":"http://www.ksfy.com/home/headlines/Photographer-captures-viral-photo-of-bride-and-medical-alert-dog-365507851.html","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2016/01/16/service-dog-bridal-viral-photos-dnt.ksfy/index.xml","videoId":"us/2016/01/16/service-dog-bridal-viral-photos-dnt.ksfy","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160116171703-04-service-dog-bride-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2016/01/16/service-dog-bridal-viral-photos-dnt.ksfy/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A photo of a bride being comforted by her service dog before walking down the aisle has taken the Internet by storm. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.ksfy.com/home/headlines/Photographer-captures-viral-photo-of-bride-and-medical-alert-dog-365507851.html" target="_blank">KSFYu003c/a> has the story.","descriptionText":"A photo of a bride being comforted by her service dog before walking down the aisle has taken the Internet by storm. CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://www.ksfy.com/home/headlines/Photographer-captures-viral-photo-of-bride-and-medical-alert-dog-365507851.html" target="_blank">KSFYu003c/a> has the story."},{"title":"Couple's post-crash reunion photo goes viral","duration":"01:44","sourceName":"WTVF","sourceLink":"http://www.newschannel5.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2016/01/09/couple-viral-photo-after-car-crash-nashville-pkg.wtvf/index.xml","videoId":"us/2016/01/09/couple-viral-photo-after-car-crash-nashville-pkg.wtvf","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160109150252-arika-stovall-hunter-hanks-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2016/01/09/couple-viral-photo-after-car-crash-nashville-pkg.wtvf/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A Facebook photo showing a young couple's hospital reunion after a car accident has gone viral. CNN affilliate u003ca href="http://www.newschannel5.com/" target="_blank">WTVFu003c/a> has the details.","descriptionText":"A Facebook photo showing a young couple's hospital reunion after a car accident has gone viral. CNN affilliate u003ca href="http://www.newschannel5.com/" target="_blank">WTVFu003c/a> has the details."},{"title":"Surprising catch shocks fisherman","duration":"01:26","sourceName":"Jason Frost","sourceLink":"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8WFqM9wMrQ","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/living/2015/09/01/fisherman-catches-kittens-orig-dlewis-duplicate-2.jason-frost/index.xml","videoId":"living/2015/09/01/fisherman-catches-kittens-orig-dlewis-duplicate-2.jason-frost","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150901130648-fisherman-catches-kittens-01-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/living/2015/09/01/fisherman-catches-kittens-orig-dlewis-duplicate-2.jason-frost/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"u003ca href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8WFqM9wMrQ" target="_blank">A fisherman in Alabama rescued two kittensu003c/a> that swam to his boat. The rescue video has gone viral with over nine million views.","descriptionText":"u003ca href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8WFqM9wMrQ" target="_blank">A fisherman in Alabama rescued two kittensu003c/a> that swam to his boat. The rescue video has gone viral with over nine million views."},{"title":"'Stoner Sloth' ad campaign lights up the Internet","duration":"02:09","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/world/2015/12/27/stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"world/2015/12/27/stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/151226194855-stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg-00001722-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/world/2015/12/27/stoner-sloth-lights-up-internet-cnni-walker-pkg.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"The "Stoner Sloth" ad campaign meant to discourage Australian youth from smoking marijuana, but things didn't exactly go as planned. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/amara-walker" target="_blank">Amara Walkeru003c/a> reports.","descriptionText":"The "Stoner Sloth" ad campaign meant to discourage Australian youth from smoking marijuana, but things didn't exactly go as planned. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/amara-walker" target="_blank">Amara Walkeru003c/a> reports."},{"title":"Top 10 trending hashtags of 2015","duration":"03:45","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/world/2015/12/18/top-10-trending-hashtags-of-2015-orig-nws.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"world/2015/12/18/top-10-trending-hashtags-of-2015-orig-nws.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/151218161115-top-10-trending-hashtags-of-2015-orig-nws-00001701-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/world/2015/12/18/top-10-trending-hashtags-of-2015-orig-nws.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Social media's role in breaking news is undeniable. But sometimes it's the hashtags that start a movement. ","descriptionText":"Social media's role in breaking news is undeniable. But sometimes it's the hashtags that start a movement. "},{"title":"Shirtless runner becomes Internet wonder","duration":"01:27","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/shows/new-day","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/tv/2015/12/15/shirtless-wonder-daily-hit-newday.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"tv/2015/12/15/shirtless-wonder-daily-hit-newday.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/151215091616-shirtless-wonder-daily-hit-newday-00003428-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/tv/2015/12/15/shirtless-wonder-daily-hit-newday.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Chicago is experiencing an unseasonably warm December, and when WGN interviewed a shirtless runner about the weather, the clip went viral.","descriptionText":"Chicago is experiencing an unseasonably warm December, and when WGN interviewed a shirtless runner about the weather, the clip went viral."},{"title":"'Instagram Husbands' go viral","duration":"01:30","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/shows/new-day","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/tv/2015/12/14/instagram-husbands-daily-hit-newday.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"tv/2015/12/14/instagram-husbands-daily-hit-newday.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/151214110450-instagram-husband-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/tv/2015/12/14/instagram-husbands-daily-hit-newday.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A hilarious parody of the women on Instagram and their husbands behind the cameras has gone totally viral, in part because of how relatable it is to some.","descriptionText":"A hilarious parody of the women on Instagram and their husbands behind the cameras has gone totally viral, in part because of how relatable it is to some."},{"title":"First lady Michelle Obama raps about college","duration":"00:49","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/shows/newsroom","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2015/12/11/first-lady-michelle-obama-jay-pharoah-college-rap-sot-nr.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"us/2015/12/11/first-lady-michelle-obama-jay-pharoah-college-rap-sot-nr.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/151211015832-first-lady-michelle-obama-jay-pharoah-college-rap-sot-nr-00004112-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2015/12/11/first-lady-michelle-obama-jay-pharoah-college-rap-sot-nr.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Saturday Night Live star Jay Pharoah and first lady Michelle Obama team up to promote getting a college education in a viral rap video. ","descriptionText":"Saturday Night Live star Jay Pharoah and first lady Michelle Obama team up to promote getting a college education in a viral rap video. "},{"title":"#Pizzarat becomes Internet sensation","duration":"02:05","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"www.cnn.com/shows/erin-burnett-out-front","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2015/09/22/pizza-rat-ny-viral-moos-pkg-erin.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"us/2015/09/22/pizza-rat-ny-viral-moos-pkg-erin.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150922201139-pizza-rat-ny-viral-moos-pkg-erin-00001201-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2015/09/22/pizza-rat-ny-viral-moos-pkg-erin.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Internet goes bonkers over pizza-dragging rat. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/jeanne-moos-profile" target="_blank">Jeanne Moosu003c/a> reports #pizzarat is the big cheese.","descriptionText":"Internet goes bonkers over pizza-dragging rat. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/jeanne-moos-profile" target="_blank">Jeanne Moosu003c/a> reports #pizzarat is the big cheese."},{"title":"'Fat shaming' video draws outrage online","duration":"01:17","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2015/09/06/fat-shaming-video-response-orig.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"us/2015/09/06/fat-shaming-video-response-orig.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150906192742-fat-shaming-video-response-orig-00001923-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2015/09/06/fat-shaming-video-response-orig.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Comedian Nicole Arbour's "fat shaming" video caused so much online outrage, she claims it caused her YouTube channel to be taken down.","descriptionText":"Comedian Nicole Arbour's "fat shaming" video caused so much online outrage, she claims it caused her YouTube channel to be taken down."},{"title":"'Hipster Barbie' is secretly like your friends","duration":"01:22","sourceName":"KOIN","sourceLink":"http://koin.com/2015/09/05/portlander-breaks-internet-with-socality-barbie/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2015/09/07/hipster-barbie-socality-instagram-doll-portland-dnt.koin/index.xml","videoId":"us/2015/09/07/hipster-barbie-socality-instagram-doll-portland-dnt.koin","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150907090423-hipster-barbie-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2015/09/07/hipster-barbie-socality-instagram-doll-portland-dnt.koin/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A Portland, Oregon, woman created an Instagram account with a Barbie that mocks people who use the "u003ca href="https://instagram.com/explore/tags/liveauthentic/" target="_blank">liveauthenticu003c/a>" hashtag. You can follow her Instagram account u003ca href="https://instagram.com/socalitybarbie/" target="_blank">Socality Barbie.u003c/a> CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://koin.com/2015/09/05/portlander-breaks-internet-with-socality-barbie/" target="_blank">KOINu003c/a> has more.","descriptionText":"A Portland, Oregon, woman created an Instagram account with a Barbie that mocks people who use the "u003ca href="https://instagram.com/explore/tags/liveauthentic/" target="_blank">liveauthenticu003c/a>" hashtag. You can follow her Instagram account u003ca href="https://instagram.com/socalitybarbie/" target="_blank">Socality Barbie.u003c/a> CNN affiliate u003ca href="http://koin.com/2015/09/05/portlander-breaks-internet-with-socality-barbie/" target="_blank">KOINu003c/a> has more."},{"title":"Teen provides 'backup' for Texas deputy pumping gas","duration":"00:46","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2015/09/06/teen-backup-texas-deputy-sot.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"us/2015/09/06/teen-backup-texas-deputy-sot.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150906005924-texas-teen-backup-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2015/09/06/teen-backup-texas-deputy-sot.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"A teenager offered to stand behind a Texas deputy, offering to keep her safe while the deputy pumped her gas. Their selfie went viral.","descriptionText":"A teenager offered to stand behind a Texas deputy, offering to keep her safe while the deputy pumped her gas. Their selfie went viral."},{"title":"Please, no more viral video remakes!","duration":"02:04","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/entertainment/2015/08/27/whip-nae-nae-viral-video-remakes-lisas-desk-orig-mg.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"entertainment/2015/08/27/whip-nae-nae-viral-video-remakes-lisas-desk-orig-mg.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150827192749-whip-nae-nae-viral-video-remakes-stop-orig-mg-00003025-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/entertainment/2015/08/27/whip-nae-nae-viral-video-remakes-lisas-desk-orig-mg.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"CNN's Lisa France looks at the latest viral video craze, and pleads with you, our cherished viewer, to stop remaking the same old videos.","descriptionText":"CNN's Lisa France looks at the latest viral video craze, and pleads with you, our cherished viewer, to stop remaking the same old videos."},{"title":"What color is this dress?","duration":"01:10","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/entertainment/2015/02/27/orig-what-color-is-this-dress.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"entertainment/2015/02/27/orig-what-color-is-this-dress.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150227124500-black-blue-dress-crop-2-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/entertainment/2015/02/27/orig-what-color-is-this-dress.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Is this dress white and gold or blue and black? See the picture that has the internet buzzing. ","descriptionText":"Is this dress white and gold or blue and black? See the picture that has the internet buzzing. "},{"title":"Why Taylor Swift took viral bikini photo","duration":"01:03","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/entertainment/2015/02/25/pkg-orig-taylor-swift-viral-bikini-photo.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"entertainment/2015/02/25/pkg-orig-taylor-swift-viral-bikini-photo.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150225135120-taylor-swift-viral-bikini-photo-large-169.png","videoUrl":"/videos/entertainment/2015/02/25/pkg-orig-taylor-swift-viral-bikini-photo.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Taylor Swift says she posted a photo in her bikini because she didn't want the paparazzi to make money off of their shot.","descriptionText":"Taylor Swift says she posted a photo in her bikini because she didn't want the paparazzi to make money off of their shot."},{"title":"'SNL' spoofs Justin Bieber Calvin Klein ad","duration":"01:15","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2015/01/19/snl-bieber-calvin-klein-underwear-ad-orig.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"us/2015/01/19/snl-bieber-calvin-klein-underwear-ad-orig.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150119115941-snl-bieber-calvin-klein-underwear-ad-orig-00002301-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2015/01/19/snl-bieber-calvin-klein-underwear-ad-orig.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"NBC's "Saturday Night Live" poked fun at singer Justin Bieber in a skit spoofing his recent Calvin Klein underwear commercial. ","descriptionText":"NBC's "Saturday Night Live" poked fun at singer Justin Bieber in a skit spoofing his recent Calvin Klein underwear commercial. "},{"title":"Franco and Rogen remake Kimye's 'Bound 2'","duration":"01:13","sourceName":"HLN","sourceLink":"http://www.hlntv.com/shows/news-now","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/showbiz/2013/11/25/hln-tell-seth-rogen-james-franco-remake-kanye-bound-video.hln/index.xml","videoId":"showbiz/2013/11/25/hln-tell-seth-rogen-james-franco-remake-kanye-bound-video.hln","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/131125175140-hln-tell-seth-rogen-james-franco-remake-kanye-bound-video-00004105-story-top.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/showbiz/2013/11/25/hln-tell-seth-rogen-james-franco-remake-kanye-bound-video.hln/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Seth Rogen and James Franco take it upon themselves to remake Kanye West's 'Bound 2' music video frame by frame!","descriptionText":"Seth Rogen and James Franco take it upon themselves to remake Kanye West's 'Bound 2' music video frame by frame!"},{"title":"Kim, Chelsea ... why's everyone naked?","duration":"02:05","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/showbiz/2014/11/14/kim-kardashian-instagram-chelsea-handler-lisas-desk-orig-mg.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"showbiz/2014/11/14/kim-kardashian-instagram-chelsea-handler-lisas-desk-orig-mg.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/141113225329-kim-kardashian-instagram-chelsea-handler-lisas-desk-orig-mg-00004525-story-top.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/showbiz/2014/11/14/kim-kardashian-instagram-chelsea-handler-lisas-desk-orig-mg.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"CNN's Lisa France explains why more and more celebrities are getting naked on social media. And why they need to stop.","descriptionText":"CNN's Lisa France explains why more and more celebrities are getting naked on social media. And why they need to stop."},{"title":"Kanye strikes again ... but the world hits back","duration":"01:50","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/shows/erin-burnett-out-front","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/entertainment/2015/02/10/erin-pkg-moos-kanye-strikes-again.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"entertainment/2015/02/10/erin-pkg-moos-kanye-strikes-again.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150210073852-erin-pkg-moos-kanye-strikes-again-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/entertainment/2015/02/10/erin-pkg-moos-kanye-strikes-again.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/2015/02/09/entertainment/feat-grammys-2015-wrap-sam-smith-kanye/index.html">Kanyeu003c/a> told to "sit down and shut up" after Grammy brouhaha. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/jeanne-moos-profile">Jeanne Moosu003c/a> has reaction as Kanye strikes again.","descriptionText":"u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/2015/02/09/entertainment/feat-grammys-2015-wrap-sam-smith-kanye/index.html">Kanyeu003c/a> told to "sit down and shut up" after Grammy brouhaha. CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/jeanne-moos-profile">Jeanne Moosu003c/a> has reaction as Kanye strikes again."},{"title":"Justin Bieber goes pants optional","duration":"01:28","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/showbiz/2014/09/10/bieber-fashion-rocks-lisas-desk-orig-jtb.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"showbiz/2014/09/10/bieber-fashion-rocks-lisas-desk-orig-jtb.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140910172021-bieber-fashion-rocks-lisas-desk-orig-jtb-00011809-story-top.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/showbiz/2014/09/10/bieber-fashion-rocks-lisas-desk-orig-jtb.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Lisa France reacts to Justin Bieber taking off his pants at the Fashion Rocks show. Because, you know, Justin Bieber.","descriptionText":"Lisa France reacts to Justin Bieber taking off his pants at the Fashion Rocks show. Because, you know, Justin Bieber."},{"title":"Kimmel's twerk fail prank duped us all","duration":"01:29","sourceName":"HLN","sourceLink":"http://www.hlntv.com/shows/morning-express-robin-meade","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/showbiz/2013/09/10/mxp-sot-twerk-fail-prank-jimmy-kimmel.hln/index.xml","videoId":"showbiz/2013/09/10/mxp-sot-twerk-fail-prank-jimmy-kimmel.hln","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/130910071840-mxp-sot-twerk-fail-prank-jimmy-kimmel-00004920-story-top.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/showbiz/2013/09/10/mxp-sot-twerk-fail-prank-jimmy-kimmel.hln/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Jimmy Kimmel reveals that he was the mastermind behind the viral video of an epic twerk fail.","descriptionText":"Jimmy Kimmel reveals that he was the mastermind behind the viral video of an epic twerk fail."},{"title":"Kim K goes topless in Kanye's new video","duration":"03:14","sourceName":"HLN","sourceLink":"http://www.hlntv.com/shows/showbiz-tonight","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/us/2013/11/19/hln-kanye-west-video-kim-k-topless.hln/index.xml","videoId":"us/2013/11/19/hln-kanye-west-video-kim-k-topless.hln","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/131119135611-hln-kanye-west-video-kim-k-topless-00003603-story-top.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/us/2013/11/19/hln-kanye-west-video-kim-k-topless.hln/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"In Kanye West's new music video, Kim Kardashian appears topless while seductively riding on a motorcycle with him. ","descriptionText":"In Kanye West's new music video, Kim Kardashian appears topless while seductively riding on a motorcycle with him. "},{"title":"Wolf in Sochi hall? What you didn't see","duration":"00:41","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://newsroom.blogs.cnn.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/world/2014/02/21/nr-kimmel-olympic-wolf-prank.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"world/2014/02/21/nr-kimmel-olympic-wolf-prank.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140221103011-nr-kimmel-olympic-wolf-prank-00003719-story-top.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/world/2014/02/21/nr-kimmel-olympic-wolf-prank.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Jimmy Kimmel revealed he is responsible for the "Wolf of Sochi" video that recently went viral. ","descriptionText":"Jimmy Kimmel revealed he is responsible for the "Wolf of Sochi" video that recently went viral. "},{"title":"Experts invent invisibility cloak ","duration":"01:02","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/tech/2015/01/07/orig-researchers-invent-a-cloaking-device-npr.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"tech/2015/01/07/orig-researchers-invent-a-cloaking-device-npr.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/150107194613-orig-researchers-invent-a-cloaking-device-npr-00001613-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/tech/2015/01/07/orig-researchers-invent-a-cloaking-device-npr.cnn/video/playlists/internet-freakouts/","description":"Researchers at the University of Rochester create a 3-D, transmitting, continuously multidirectional cloaking device.","descriptionText":"Researchers at the University of Rochester create a 3-D, transmitting, continuously multidirectional cloaking device."}],'js-video_headline-featured-23ljoiy','',"js-video_source-featured-23ljoiy",true,true,'internet-freakouts');if (typeof configObj.context !== 'string' || configObj.context.length

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Pepe the Frog designated hate symbol by ADL - CNN

Opinion | When Anti-Zionism Tunnels Under Your House – The …

Posted By on December 17, 2018

In 2002, Hassan Nasrallah, the secretary-general of Hezbollah, was said to have given a speech noting that the creation of the state of Israel had spared his followers the trouble of hunting down Jews at the ends of the world. The Lebanese terrorist group has prominent apologists in the West, and some of them rushed to claim that Nasrallah had uttered no such thing.

Except he had. Tony Badran of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies tracked down the original recording of the speech, in which Nasrallah carries on about occupied Palestine as the place appointed by Allah for the final and decisive battle with the Jews. By occupied Palestine, he wasnt talking about the West Bank.

Sometimes anti-Zionists are surprise! homicidal anti-Semites, too.

Thats a thought that cant be far from the mind of anyone living in northern Israel, where in recent days the Israeli Army has discovered at least three tunnels dug by Hezbollah and intended to infiltrate commandos under the border in the (increasingly likely) event of war. Given the breadth of Hezbollahs capabilities, the depth of its fanaticism, and the experience of Hamass excavation projects in Gaza, its fair to assume other tunnels will be found.

What would Hezbollah do if it got its fighters across? In 1974, three Palestinian terrorists crossed the border from Lebanon and took 115 hostages at an elementary school in the town of Maalot. They murdered 25 of them, including 22 children.

Another infiltration from Lebanon in 1978 left 38 Israelis dead. Given Hezbollahs long record of perpetrating massacres from Buenos Aires to Beirut to towns and cities across Syria, its a playbook it wouldnt scruple to follow in a war for the Galilee.

All this is to say that Israelis experience anti-Zionism in a different way than, say, readers of The New York Review of Books: not as a bold sally in the world of ideas, but as a looming menace to their earthly existence, held at bay only through force of arms. Its somewhat like the difference between discussing the effects of Marxism-Leninism in an undergraduate seminar at Reed College, circa 2018 and experiencing them at closer range in West Berlin, circa 1961.

Actually, its worse than that, since the Soviets merely wanted to dominate or conquer their enemies and seize their property, not wipe them off the map and end their lives. Anti-Zionism might have been a respectable point of view before 1948, when the question of Israels existence was in the future and up for debate. Today, anti-Zionism is a call for the elimination of a state details to follow regarding the fate befalling those who currently live in it.

Note the distinction: Anti-Zionists are not advocating the reform of a state, as Japan was reformed after 1945. Nor are they calling for the adjustment of a states borders, as Canadas border with the United States was periodically adjusted in the 19th century. Theyre not talking about the birth of a separate state, either, as South Sudan was born out of Sudan in 2011. And theyre certainly not championing the partition of a multiethnic state into ethnically homogenous components, as Yugoslavia was partitioned after 1991.

Anti-Zionism is ideologically unique in insisting that one state, and one state only, doesnt just have to change. It has to go. By a coincidence that its adherents insist is entirely innocent, this happens to be the Jewish state, making anti-Zionists either the most disingenuous of ideologues or the most obtuse. When then-CNN contributor Marc Lamont Hill called last month for a free Palestine from the river to the sea and later claimed to be ignorant of what the slogan really meant, it was hard to tell in which category he fell.

Does this make someone with Hills views an anti-Semite? Its like asking whether a person who believes in separate-but-equal must necessarily be a racist. In theory, no. In reality, another story. The typical aim of the anti-Semite is legal or social discrimination against some set of Jews. The explicit aim of the anti-Zionist is political or physical dispossession.

Whats worse: To be denied membership in a country club because youre Jewish, or driven from your ancestral homeland and sovereign state for the same reason? If anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism are meaningfully distinct (I think they are not), the human consequences of the latter are direr.

The good news is that the conversation about anti-Zionism remains mostly academic because Israelis havent succumbed to the fatal illusion that, if only they behaved better, their enemies would hate them less. To the extent that Israeli parents ever sleep soundly, its because they know what they are up against. And, to borrow Kiplings line, they never make mock of uniforms that guard them while they sleep.

The same cant be said for that class of scolds who excel in making excuses for the wicked and finding fault with the good. When you find yourself on the same side as Hassan Nasrallah, Louis Farrakhan and David Duke on the question of a countrys right to exist, its time to re-examine every opinion you hold.

Follow The New York Times Opinion section on Facebook, Twitter (@NYTopinion) and Instagram, join the Facebook political discussion group, Voting While Female, and sign up for the Opinion Today newsletter.

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Opinion | When Anti-Zionism Tunnels Under Your House - The ...

Zionism | Zionism | Jews

Posted By on December 14, 2018

back to their ancient homeland in the Middle East and reestablished Israel as the centrallocation for Jewish identity. While some critics call Zionism an aggressive and discriminatoryideology, the Zionist movement has successfully established a Jewish homeland in the nation ofIsrael.WHAT IS ZIONISM?Zionism is a movement to recreate a Jewish presence in Israel. The name comes from the wordZion, which is a Hebrew term that refers to Jerusalem.Throughout history, Jews have considered certain areas in Israel sacredas do Christians andMuslims. The Torah, the Jewish religious text, depicts stories of ancient prophets who wereinstructed by their God to return to this homeland.While the fundamental philosophies of the Zionist movement have existed for hundreds ofyears, modern Zionism formally took root in the late 19th century. Around that time, Jewsthroughout the world faced growing anti-SemitismSome historians believe that an increasingly tense atmosphere between Jews and Europeansmay have triggered the Zionism movement. In one 1894 incident, a Jewish officer in the Frencharmy named Alfred Dreyfus was falsely accused and convicted of treason. This event, whichbecame known as the Dreyfus Affair, sparked outrage among Jewish people and many others.Persecuted Jews who were struggling to salvage their identity began promoting the idea ofreturning to their homeland and restoring a Jewish culture there.

THEODOR HERZLModern Zionism was officially established as a political organization by Theodor Herzl in 1897. AJewish journalist and political activist from Austria, Herzl believed that the Jewish populationcouldnt survive if it didnt have a nation of its own.After the Dreyfus Affair, Herzl wrote Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State), a pamphlet that calledfor political recognition of a Jewish homeland in the area then known as Palestine.In 1897, Herzl organized the First Zionist Congress, which met in Basel, Switzerland. He alsoformed and became the first president of the World Zionist Organization.Although Herzl died in 1904years before Israel was officially declared a statehes oftenconsidered the father of modern Zionism.THE BALFOUR DECLARATIONIn 1917, British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour wrote a letter to Baron Rothschild, awealthy and prominent leader in the British Jewish community.In the brief correspondence, Balfour expressed the British governments support for theestablishment of a Jewish home in Palestine. This letter was published in the press one weeklater and eventually became known as the Balfour Declaration.The text was included in the Mandate for Palestinea document issued by the League ofNations in 1923 that gave Great Britain the responsibility of establishing a Jewish nationalhomeland in British-controlled Palestine.Two well-known Zionists, Chaim Weizmann and Nahum Sokolow, played important roles inobtaining the Balfour Declaration.

ZIONISM AND WORLD WAR IIMany Jews living in Russia and Europe suffered horrific persecution and death during Russianpogroms and under Nazi rule. Most historians estimate that about 6 million Jews were killed inEurope during the Holocaust.In the years before and during World War II, thousands of European Jews fled to Palestine orother regions to escape hostility. After the Holocaust ended, Zionist leaders actively promotedthe idea of an independent Jewish nation.With the end of Great Britains mandate in Palestine and the British armys withdrawal, Israelwas officially declared an independent state on May 14, 1948.

JEWISH RESETTLEMENT IN ISRAELThe rise of Zionism led to massive Jewish immigration into Israel. About 35,000 Jews relocatedto the area between 1882 and 1903. Another 40,000 made their way to the homeland between1904 and 1914.Most Jewsabout 57 percent of themlived in Europe in 1939. However, by the end of WorldWar II, only about 35 percent of the Jewish population still resided in European countries.In 1949, more than 249,000 Jewish settlers moved to Israel. This was the largest number ofimmigrants to arrive in a single year.The Jewish population in Israel increased from about 500,000 in 1945 to 5.6 million in 2010.Today, around 43 percent of the worlds Jews live in Israel.THE CURRENT STATE OF ZIONISMSince it started more than 120 years ago, Zionism has evolved, and different ideologiespolitical, religious and culturalwithin the Zionist movement have emerged.Many self-proclaimed Zionists disagree with each other about fundamental principles. Somefollowers of Zionism are devoutly religious while others are more secular.Zionist lefts typically want a less-religious government and support giving up some Israeli-controlled land in exchange for peace with Arab nations. Zionist rights defend their rights toland and prefer a government based strongly on Jewish religious traditions.Advocates of the Zionist movement see it as an important effort to offer refuge to persecutedminorities and reestablish settlements in Israel. Critics, however, say its an extreme ideologythat discriminates against non-Jews.For example, under Israels 1950 Law of Return, Jews born anywhere in the world have the rightto become an Israeli citizen, while other people arent granted this privilege.Arabs and Palestinians living in and around Israel typically oppose Zionism. Many internationalJews also disapprove of the movement because they dont believe a national homeland isessential to their religion.While this controversial movement continues to face criticism and challenges, theres nodenying that Zionism has successfully bolstered the Jewish population in Israel.

One of the most important aspects of modern Jewish life in Europe since the mid-nineteenthcentury was the development of a variety of Jewish national movements such as Zionists,Bundists and Autonomists that offered competing ideologies and solutions to the issues ofJewish nationhood and individual nationality as well as to problems posed by modernity.

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Zionism | Zionism | Jews

Opinion | Anti-Zionism Isnt the Same as Anti-Semitism – The …

Posted By on December 9, 2018

On Monday, in an interview with The Intercept, Rashida Tlaib, a Michigan Democrat who in November became the first Palestinian-American elected to Congress, went public with her support for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, which seeks to use economic pressure on Israel to secure Palestinian rights. That made her the second incoming member of Congress to publicly back B.D.S., after Minnesota Democrat Ilhan Omar, who revealed her support last month.

No current member of Congress supports B.D.S., a movement that is deeply taboo in American politics for several reasons. Opponents argue that singling out Israel for economic punishment is unfair and discriminatory, since the country is far from the worlds worst violator of human rights. Further, the movement calls for the right of Palestinian refugees and millions of their descendants to return to Israel, which could end Israel as a majority-Jewish state. (Many B.D.S. supporters champion a single, binational state for both peoples.) Naturally, conservatives in the United States though not only conservatives have denounced Tlaib and Omars stance as anti-Semitic.

It is not. The conflation of anti-Zionism with anti-Semitism is a bit of rhetorical sleight-of-hand that depends on treating Israel as the embodiment of the Jewish people everywhere. Certainly, some criticism of Israel is anti-Semitic, but its entirely possible to oppose Jewish ethno-nationalism without being a bigot. Indeed, its increasingly absurd to treat the Israeli state as a stand-in for Jews writ large, given the way the current Israeli government has aligned itself with far-right European movements that have anti-Semitic roots.

[Listen to The Argument podcast every Thursday morning, with Ross Douthat, Michelle Goldberg and David Leonhardt.]

The interests of the State of Israel and of Jews in the diaspora may at times coincide, but theyve never been identical. Right-wing anti-Semites have sometimes supported Zionism because they dont want Jews in their own countries a notable example is the Polish government in the 1930s.

Conversely, theres a long history of Jewish anti-Zionism or non-Zionism, both secular and religious. In 1950 Jacob Blaustein, the president of the American Jewish Committee, one of the countrys most important Jewish organizations, reached an agreement with Israels prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, in which Ben-Gurion essentially promised not to claim to speak for American Jews. Jews of the United States, as a community and as individuals, have no political attachment to Israel, said Blaustein at the time.

Decades later, such a statement from the committee or any major, mainstream Jewish organization would be unthinkable. A consensus set in that Jewish identity can be reduced to Israelism, Eliyahu Stern, an associate professor of modern Jewish history at Yale, told me. Thats something that takes place over the second half of the 20th century in America.

The centrality of Israel to American Jewish identity has at times put liberal American Jews in an awkward position, defending multiethnic pluralism here, where theyre in the minority, while treating it as unspeakable in Israel, where Jews are the majority. (American white nationalists, some of whom liken their project to Zionism, love to poke at this contradiction.)

Until fairly recently, it was easy enough for many liberals to dismiss consistency on Israel as a hobgoblin of little minds. A binational state might sound nice in theory, but in practice is probably a recipe for civil war. (Even the Belgians have trouble managing it.) The two-state solution appeared to offer a route to both satisfying Palestinian national aspirations and preserving Israels Jewish, democratic character.

Now, however, Israel has foreclosed the possibility of two states, relentlessly expanding into the West Bank and signaling to the world that the Palestinians will never have a capital in East Jerusalem. As long as the de facto policy of the Israeli government is that there should be only one state in historic Palestine, its unreasonable to regard Palestinian demands for equal rights in that state as anti-Semitic. If the Israeli government is going to treat a Palestinian state as a ridiculous pipe dream, the rest of us cant act as if such a state is the only legitimate goal of Palestinian activism.

At times, Ive agreed with those who see something disproportionate in the lefts fixation on Israel. But the oft-heard argument that other peoples are suffering more than the Palestinians can be a form of weaponized whataboutism, meant to elide the unique role America plays as Israels protector.

In an op-ed essay in The Wall Street Journal last week, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo listed Saudi Arabias growing ties to Israel as a reason not to downgrade Americas relationship with the kingdom, despite the killing of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi. If the Trump administration is going to use our alliance with Israel as an excuse for abandoning fundamental values, surely Americans are justified in subjecting that alliance to special scrutiny.

Meanwhile, Israel is ever more willing to ally itself with foreign leaders who share its illiberal nationalism, even when theyre hostile to Jews. In the past, Israel has always adhered to a clear policy that it will not engage with political parties ostracized by the local Jewish community, Anshel Pfeffer wrote in the Israeli newspaper Haaretz last year. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, wrote Pfeffer, has abandoned this policy.

Netanyahu has nurtured a particularly close relationship with the Hungarian right-wing populist Viktor Orban, whose government is waging a demonization campaign against the Hungarian-born Jewish billionaire George Soros. Just this week Soross Central European University announced it has been forced out of Hungary. And Netanyahus office is trying to negotiate a compromise with Hungary over the contents of a museum that many fear will whitewash Hungarys role in the Nazi genocide of the Jews, essentially putting Israels imprimatur on a modified form of Holocaust revisionism.

Netanyahu, then, seems to understand that being pro-Israel and pro-Jewish are not the same thing. Liberal American Jews, particularly younger ones, are learning that lesson as well. Some staunch Zionists are bad for the Jews witness Steve King, the Republican congressman from Iowa who invokes his support for Israel when hes called out for his blatant white nationalism.

At the same time, people with an uncompromising commitment to pluralistic democracy will necessarily be critics of contemporary Israel. That commitment, however, makes them the natural allies of Jews everywhere else.

Follow The New York Times Opinion section on Facebook, Twitter (@NYTopinion) and Instagram.

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Opinion | Anti-Zionism Isnt the Same as Anti-Semitism - The ...

Seven Laws of Noah – Wikipedia

Posted By on December 9, 2018

The Seven Laws of Noah (Hebrew: Sheva Mitzvot B'nei Noach), also referred to as the Noahide Laws or the Noachide Laws (from the Hebrew pronunciation of "Noah"), are a set of imperatives which, according to the Talmud, were given by God[1] as a binding set of laws for the "children of Noah" that is, all of humanity.[2][3]

Accordingly, any non-Jew who adheres to these laws because they were given by Moses[4] is regarded as a righteous gentile, and is assured of a place in the world to come ( Olam Haba), the final reward of the righteous.[5][6]

The seven Noahide laws as traditionally enumerated are the following:[7][8]

According to the Talmud,[7] the rabbis agree that the seven laws were given to the sons of Noah. However, they disagree on precisely which laws were given to Adam and Eve. Six of the seven laws are exegetically derived from passages in Genesis,[9] with the seventh being the establishing of courts.

According to the Genesis flood narrative, a deluge covered the whole world, killing every surface-dwelling creature except Noah, his wife, his sons and their wives, and the animals taken aboard Noah's Ark. According to this, all modern humans are descendants of Noah, thus the name Noahide Laws is referred to the laws that apply to all of humanity. After the flood, God sealed a covenant with Noah with the following admonitions (Genesis 9):

The Book of Jubilees, generally dated to the 2nd century BCE,[10] may include an early reference to Noahide Law at verses 7:2028:

And in the twenty-eighth jubilee Noah began to enjoin upon his sons' sons the ordinances and commandments, and all the judgments that he knew, and he exhorted his sons to observe righteousness, and to cover the shame of their flesh, and to bless their Creator, and honour father and mother, and love their neighbour, and guard their souls from fornication and uncleanness and all iniquity. For owing to these three things came the flood upon the earth ... For whoso sheddeth man's blood, and whoso eateth the blood of any flesh, shall all be destroyed from the earth.[11][12]

The Jewish Encyclopedia article on Saul of Tarsus states:

According to Acts, Paul began working along the traditional Jewish line of proselytizing in the various synagogues where the proselytes of the gate [e.g., Exodus 20:9] and the Jews met; and only because he failed to win the Jews to his views, encountering strong opposition and persecution from them, did he turn to the Gentile world after he had agreed at a convention with the apostles at Jerusalem to admit the Gentiles into the Church only as proselytes of the gate, that is, after their acceptance of the Noachian laws (Acts 15:131)".[13]

The article "New Testament" states:

For great as was the success of Barnabas and Paul in the heathen world, the authorities in Jerusalem insisted upon circumcision as the condition of admission of members into the church, until, on the initiative of Peter, and of James, the head of the Jerusalem church, it was agreed that acceptance of the Noachian Laws namely, regarding avoidance of idolatry, fornication, and the eating of flesh cut from a living animal should be demanded of the heathen desirous of entering the Church.[14]

The earliest complete rabbinic version of the seven laws can be found in the Tosefta where they are listed as follows.[15]

Seven commandments were commanded of the sons of Noah:

According to the Talmud, the Noahide Laws apply to all humanity. In Judaism, B'nei Noah (Hebrew, "Descendants of Noah", "Children of Noah") refers to all of humankind.[16] The Talmud also states: "Righteous people of all nations have a share in the world to come".[17] Any non-Jew who lives according to these laws is regarded as one of "the righteous among the gentiles".

The rabbis agree that the seven laws were given to the sons of Noah. However, they disagree on precisely which laws were given to Adam and Eve. Six of the seven laws are exegetically derived from passages in Genesis. The Talmud adds extra laws beyond the seven listed in the Tosefta which are attributed to different rabbis, such as the grafting of trees and sorcery among others,[18]: 3031[19] Ulla going so far as to make a list of 30 laws.[20] The Talmud expands the scope of the seven laws to cover about 100 of the 613 mitzvoth.[21]: 18

In practice Jewish law makes it very difficult to apply the death penalty.[22] No record exists of a gentile having been put to death for violating the seven laws.[23] Some of the categories of capital punishment recorded in the Talmud are recorded as having never been carried out. It is thought that the rabbis included discussion of them in anticipation of the coming messianic age.[22]

The Talmud lists the punishment for blaspheming the Ineffable Name of God as death. The sons of Noah are to be executed by decapitation for most crimes,[24] considered one of the lightest capital punishments,[25] by stoning if he has intercourse with a Jewish betrothed woman,[26] or by strangulation if the Jewish woman has completed the marriage ceremonies, but had not yet consummated the marriage.[26] In Jewish law the only form of blasphemy which is punishable by death is blaspheming the Ineffable Name (Leviticus 24:16).[27] Some Talmudic rabbis held that only those offences for which a Jew would be executed, are forbidden to gentiles.[28] The Talmudic rabbis discuss which offences and sub-offences are capital offences and which are merely forbidden.[29]

Maimonides states that anyone who does not accept the seven laws is to be executed, as God compelled the world to follow these laws.[30] However, for the other prohibitions such as the grafting of trees and bestiality he holds that the sons of Noah are not to be executed.[31] Maimonides adds a universalism lacking from earlier Jewish sources.[21]: 18 The Talmud differs from Maimonides in that it considers the seven laws enforceable by Jewish authorities on non-Jews living within a Jewish nation.[21]: 18 Nahmanides disagrees with Maimonides reasoning. He limits the obligation of enforcing the seven laws to non-Jewish authorities taking the matter out of Jewish hands. The Tosafot seems to agree with Nahmanides reasoning.[32]: 39 According to some opinions, punishment is the same whether the individual transgresses with knowledge of the law or is ignorant of the law.[33]

Various rabbinic sources have different positions on the way the seven laws are to be subdivided in categories. Maimonides', in his Mishneh Torah, included the grafting of trees.[31] Like the Talmud, he interpreted the prohibition against homicide as including a prohibition against abortion.[34][35] David ben Solomon ibn Abi Zimra, a commentator on Maimonides, expressed surprise that he left out castration and sorcery which were also listed in the Talmud.[36]

The Talmudist Ulla said that here are 30 laws which the sons of Noah took upon themselves. However he only lists three, namely the three that the Gentiles follow: not to create a Ketubah between males, not to sell carrion or human flesh in the market and to respect the Torah. The rest of the laws are not listed.[37] Though the authorities seem to take it for granted that Ulla's thirty commandments included the original seven, an additional thirty laws is also possible from the reading. Two different lists of the 30 laws exist. Both lists include an additional twenty-three mitzvot which are subdivisions or extensions of the seven laws. One from the 16th-century work Asarah Maamarot by Rabbi Menahem Azariah da Fano and a second from the 10th century Samuel ben Hofni which was recently published from his Judeo-Arabic writings after having been found in the Cairo Geniza.[38][39] Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Chajes suggests Menahem Azariah of Fano enumerated commandments are not related to the first seven, nor based on Scripture, but instead were passed down by oral tradition.[40]

In earlier times, a Gentile living in the Land of Israel who accepted the Seven Laws in front of a rabbinical court was known as a ger toshav (literally stranger/resident).[41] The regulations regarding Jewish-Gentile relations are modified in the case of a ger toshav.[42]

Historically, some rabbinic opinions consider non-Jews not only not obliged to adhere to all the remaining laws of the Torah, but actually forbidden to observe them.[43][44]

Noahide law differs radically from Roman law for gentiles (Jus Gentium), if only because the latter was enforceable judicial policy. Rabbinic Judaism has never adjudicated any cases under Noahide law,[23] Jewish scholars disagree about whether Noahide law is a functional part of Halakha ("Jewish law").[45]

Some modern views hold that penalties are a detail of the Noahide Laws and that Noahides themselves must determine the details of their own laws for themselves. According to this school of thought see N. Rakover, Law and the Noahides (1998); M. Dallen, The Rainbow Covenant (2003) the Noahide Laws offer mankind a set of absolute values and a framework for righteousness and justice, while the detailed laws that are currently on the books of the world's states and nations are presumptively valid.

In recent years, the term "Noahide" has come to refer to non-Jews who strive to live in accord with the seven Noahide Laws; the terms "observant Noahide" or "Torah-centered Noahides" would be more precise but these are infrequently used. Support for the use of "Noahide" in this sense can be found with the Ritva, who uses the term Son of Noah to refer to a Gentile who keeps the seven laws, but is not a Ger Toshav.[46] The rainbow, referring to the Noahide or First Covenant (Genesis 9), is the symbol of many organized Noahide groups, following Genesis 9:1217.[47]

To various modern theologians the Noahide laws represent the inclusive nature of Judaism because they affirm the equality of Jews and non-Jews. To other intellectuals these seven laws represent natural law which are accessible to all through intellect and do not require revelation. According to Robert Eison the second stream of thought ignores how a non-Jew could access these laws without the Jewish revelations. To Eisen, these set of laws impose a Jewish understanding of morality upon non-Jews. To Eisen, the Noahide laws represent more of a barrier between Jews and non-Jews, because non-Jews are forbidden to observe Jewish laws.[48]

The Jewish scholar Maimonides (12th century) held that Gentiles may have a part in the world to come just by observing Noahide law and accept it as given by Moses. Such children of Noah become the status of Chasidei Umot HaOlam - Pious People of the World, and are different from children of Noah who only keep the seven laws out of moral/ethical reasoning alone. He writes in his book of laws:"[49]

Anyone who accepts upon himself and carefully observes the Seven Commandments is of the Righteous of the Nations of the World and has a portion in the World to Come. This is as long as he accepts and performs them because (he truly believes that) it was the Holy One, Blessed Be He, Who commanded them in the Torah, and that it was through Moses our Teacher we were informed that the Sons of Noah had already been commanded to observe them. But if he observes them because he convinced himself, then he is not considered a Resident Convert and is not of the Righteous of the Nations of the World, but merely one of their wise.[50]

Some later editions of the Mishneh Torah differ by one letter and read "Nor one of their wise men." The later reading is narrower. Spinoza read Maimonides as using nor and accused him of being narrow and particularistic. Other philosophers such as Hermann Cohen and Moses Mendelssohn have used more inclusive interpretations of the passage by Maimonides.[51]In either reading, Maimonides appears to exclude philosophical Noahides from being Righteous Gentiles. Thus Maimonides emphasizes that a truly Righteous Gentile follows the seven laws because they are divinely revealed and thus are followed out of obedience to God.[51][52]

The Apostolic Decree recorded in Acts 15 is commonly seen as a parallel to Noahide Law;[53] however, some modern scholars dispute the connection between Acts 15 and Noahide Law,[54] the content of Noahide Law, the historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles, and the nature of biblical law in Christianity. The Apostolic Decree is still observed by Eastern Orthodoxy and includes some food restrictions.[55]

The 18th-century rabbi Jacob Emden proposed that Jesus, and Paul after him, intended to convert the gentiles to the Noahide laws while calling on the Jews to keep the full Law of Moses.[56]

Maimonides stated that God commanded Moses to compel the world to accept these seven commandments. In 1983 Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson urged his followers to actively engage in activities to inform non-Jews about these seven commandments, which had not been done in previous generations.[57]

After Rabbi Schneerson started his Noahide Campaign in the 1980s, a codification of the exact obligations of the Gentiles in the spirit of the classical Shulchan Aruch was needed. In 2005, Rabbi Moshe Weiner of Jerusalem accepted to produce an in-depth codification of the Noahide precepts.[58] The work is called Sefer Sheva Mitzvot HaShem, (The Book of Seven Divine Commandments) published 2008/2009. As it was approved by both of the then presiding chief rabbis of Israel (Rabbi Shlomo Moshe Amar and Rabbi Yonah Metzger) as well as by other Hasidic and non-Hasidic halachic authorities, it can claim an authoritative character and is referred as a Shulchan Aruch[59] for Gentiles at many places.

In 1987 President Ronald Reagan signed a proclamation speaking of "the historical tradition of ethical values and principles, which have been the bedrock of society from the dawn of civilization when they were known as the Seven Noahide Laws, transmitted through God to Moses on Mount Sinai",[60] and in 1991, Congress stated in the preamble to the 1991 bill that established Education Day in honor of the birthday of Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the leader of the Chabad movement:

Whereas Congress recognizes the historical tradition of ethical values and principles which are the basis of civilized society and upon which our great Nation was founded; Whereas these ethical values and principles have been the bedrock of society from the dawn of civilization, when they were known as the Seven Noahide Laws [...][61]

In January 2004, Sheikh Mowafak Tarif, the spiritual leader of Israeli Druze, signed a declaration, which called on non-Jews living in Israel to observe the Noahide Laws. He was joined by the mayor of Shefa-'Amr.[62]

In order to find a precedent the rabbis went so far as to assume that proselytes of this order were recognized in Biblical law, applying to them the term "toshab" ("sojourner," "aborigine," referring to the Canaanites; see Maimonides' explanation in "Yad," Issure Biah, xiv. 7; see Grtz, l.c. p. 15), in connection with "ger" (see Ex. xxv. 47, where the better reading would be "we-toshab"). Another name for one of this class was "proselyte of the gate" ("ger ha-sha'ar," that is, one under Jewish civil jurisdiction; comp. Deut. v. 14, xiv. 21, referring to the stranger who had legal claims upon the generosity and protection of his Jewish neighbors). In order to be recognized as one of these the neophyte had publicly to assume, before three "aberim," or men of authority, the solemn obligation not to worship idols, an obligation which involved the recognition of the seven Noachian injunctions as binding ('Ab. Zarah 64b; "Yad," Issure Biah, xiv. 7).[...] The more rigorous seem to have been inclined to insist upon such converts observing the entire Law, with the exception of the reservations and modifications explicitly made in their behalf. The more lenient were ready to accord them full equality with Jews as soon as they had solemnly forsworn idolatry. The "via media" was taken by those that regarded public adherence to the seven Noachian precepts as the indispensable prerequisite (Gerim iii.; 'Ab. Zarah 64b; Yer. Yeb. 8d; Grtz, l.c. pp. 1920). The outward sign of this adherence to Judaism was the observance of the Sabbath (Grtz, l.c. pp. 20 et seq.; but comp. Ker. 8b).

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