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Native American Heritage Month: Continued Support for the Indigenous …

Posted By on November 24, 2022

In November, we celebrate Native American Heritage Month. The National Congress of American Indians guides us to recognize November as:

"a time to celebrate rich and diverse cultures, traditions, and histories [while] acknowledging the important contributions of Native people...educate the general public about tribes, raise general awareness about the unique challenges Native people have faced... and the ways in which tribal citizens have worked to conquer these challenges."

Unfortunately, much of North America is just beginning to recognize the contributions of Indigenous peoples. As Jews, our own experiences with discrimination create sensitivity and solidarity with the plight of the Indigenous population. This is especially true for those of us with intersectional identities, including BIPOC Jews. Still, all of us must bear the responsibility to shed light on racial injustice. From Yalkut Shimoni ("Gathering of Simon) 1:13, one midrashic commentary on the books of the Tanach that was compiled between the 11th and 14th century, we understand our communal responsibility to ensure equity is every person's reality:

"God formed Adam out of dust from all over the world: yellow clay, white sand, black loam and red soil. Therefore, no one can declare to any race or color of people that they do not belong here since this soil is not their home."

Yet, our society continues to fail Indigenous communities in many ways, illustrated especially by the thousands of Indigenous people who have gone missing or been murdered throughout the United States and Canada. Indigenous people are working to raise awareness about how their communities are being harmed - but why is it that the rest of the world isn't listening?

Our Jewish values instruct us to listen to the words of God, the teachings of our ancestors, and the commandments that help us live a moral, and Jewish way of life. There remains a continued need to prove our trauma to the rest of the world, a continued need for the world to hear stories, just as there is a need for the Indigenous population to be heard by everyone. Holocaust denial continues to fuel a rise in antisemitism, and so too will Indigenous communities continue to be threatened if we do not listen to their cries. Of the 5,712 Indigenous women reported missing in the U.S. in 2016, only 116 were logged by the federal missing person's database, according to the New York Times . We must do better in speaking out when another group of people is being intentionally targeted and harmed.

Lack of awareness is what makes the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls, and Two Sprit (MMIWG2S) Movement a necessity. This movement gained traction in Canada in 2015 as Native women and their families spread awareness about the threats to their communities. Indigenous women and girls are at a disproportionate risk of violent and non-violent victimization. In Canada, Indigenous women and girls are 12 times more likely to be murdered or abducted than any other group, according to CanadianWomen.org. In America, four out of five American Indian and Alaskan Native women experience violence in their lifetimes according to NCJRS, more than any other racial group. Protests and an increased use of social media advocacy have been useful in building awareness about these issues and the movement's momentum, but Indigenous citizens have been speaking out and sharing their stories for years.

In 2009, The REDress Projectwas founded by artist Jamie Black, first seen on the campus of the University of Winnipeg and Manitoba, Canada. Over 100 red dresses were displayed to "acknowledge the spirits of those who have crossed over and honor their lives by collectively creating a growing movement towards social change." Since the exhibit was first presented, it has been shown in public spaces internationally, and has sparked an arts-based movement in support of the MMIWG2S Movement. However, without support and action from the Jewish community, Americans, Canadians, and non-Indigenous communities, Native people will continue to be overlooked, their contributions erased, and experience unnecessary disparities which have allowed Indigenous peoples to go missing and be murdered.

It is our duty to listen and to act. As the ancient Israelites promised: "We will do and we will hear" (Exodus 24:7). But we must do better. We must hear better. The Exodus story teaches us what it is like to be oppressed and enslaved - another experience we share with the Native population - but it also shows us that our work is ongoing. The journey of our people continued after we were freed from Egypt, as so too does our journey for justice persist. We have a divine responsibility to care for our neighbors, and we must continue to fulfill our role in upholding the world God created by making it more equitable for all.

That is why, this Native American Heritage Month we ask that you take action to help your Indigenous neighbors:

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Filipino American History Month – Wikipedia

Posted By on November 24, 2022

Annual celebration of Filipino American history

Filipino American History Month (FAHM) is celebrated in the United States during the month of October. In 1991, Filipino American National Historical Society (FANHS) board of trustees proposed the first annual Filipino American History Month to commence in October 1992.[1]

October was chosen to commemorate the visitation of the first Filipinos who landed as slaves, prisoners, and crew aboard Novohispanic ships in what is now Morro Bay, California on October 18, 1587.[2] It is also the birth month of Filipino American labor leader Larry Itliong.[3]

In California and Hawaii, where many Filipino Americans reside,[4] Filipino American History Month is celebrated annually.[5] Many Filipino American organizations in these states often initiate their own independent celebrations. 2006 was a pivotal year as it marked the centennial celebration of Filipino migration to the United States.[6][7]

While some used the term Filipino American Heritage Month[8] interchangeably with Filipino American History Month, FANHS cites that the month should be properly focused on "history" instead of "heritage." Whereas history includes the events, experiences, and lives of people and their impact on society, "heritage" is solely about cultural traditions handed down from the past.[9]

In 2022, Filipino American History Month was recognized in Arkansas after official proclamations were issued by Governor Asa Hutchinson.[10]

In California, Filipino American History Month was first recognized statewide in 2006, when the California Department of Education placed it on its celebrations calendar.[11] In 2009, California State Senator Leland Yee introduced a resolution, which was passed, that recognizes October as Filipino American History Month.[12] It passed the California State Assembly and was submitted to the California Secretary of State.[13][14]

In 2008, Filipino-American History Month was recognized by the Hawai'i State Legislature.[15] Former State Representative Joey Manahan and members of the Filipino Caucus introduced the legislation "to designate the month of October as Filipino-American History Month to commemorate the contributions of Filipino-Americans to Hawaii and the United States."[16] The bill passed unanimously and was signed into law by Governor Linda Lingle on April 15, 2008.[15]

In the 103rd Congress, a resolution to nationally recognize Filipino American History Month was introduced.[17] The House of the 111th Congress introduced a House Resolution 155 (H. RES. 155) to officially recognize this month for Filipinos.[18] In October 2009, the Senate of the 111th Congress passed a resolution recognizing Filipino American History Month.[19] In November 2009, Congress passed the resolution (H. RES. 780),[20] officially recognizing October as Filipino American History Month.[21]

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Filipino American History Month - Wikipedia

Rosh Hashanah – Wikipedia

Posted By on November 24, 2022

Jewish New Year

Rosh HaShanah (Hebrew: , R han, literally "head of the year") is the Jewish New Year. The biblical name for this holiday is Yom Teruah ( , Ym Tr, lit. "day of shouting/blasting") It is the first of the Jewish High Holy Days ( , Ymm Nrm, "Days of Awe"), as specified by Leviticus 23:2325,[2] that occur in the late summer/early autumn of the Northern Hemisphere. Rosh Hashanah begins a ten-day period of penitence culminating in Yom Kippur, as well as beginning the cycle of autumnal religious festivals running through Sukkot and ending in Shemini Atzeret.

Rosh Hashanah is a two-day observance and celebration that begins on the first day of Tishrei, which is the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year. In contrast to the ecclesiastical lunar new year on the first day of the first month Nisan, the spring Passover month which marks Israel's exodus from Egypt, Rosh Hashanah marks the beginning of the civil year, according to the teachings of Judaism, and is the traditional anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, the first man and woman according to the Hebrew Bible, as well as the initiation of humanity's role in God's world.

Rosh Hashanah customs include sounding the shofar (a cleaned-out ram's horn), as prescribed in the Torah, following the prescription of the Hebrew Bible to "raise a noise" on Yom Teruah. Its rabbinical customs include attending synagogue services and reciting special liturgy about teshuva, as well as enjoying festive meals. Eating symbolic foods is now a tradition, such as apples dipped in honey, hoping to evoke a sweet new year.

Rosh is the Hebrew word for "head", ha is the definite article ("the"), and shana means year. Thus Rosh HaShanah means "head of the year", referring to the Jewish day of new year.[3][4]

The term Rosh Hashanah in its current meaning does not appear in the Torah. Leviticus 23:24[5] refers to the festival of the first day of the seventh month as zikhron teru'ah ("a memorial of blowing [of horns]") Numbers 29:1[6] calls the festival yom teru'ah ("day of blowing [the horn]").

The term rosh hashanah appears once in the Bible (Ezekiel 40:1),[7] where it has a different meaning: either generally the time of the "beginning of the year", or possibly a reference to Yom Kippur,[8] or to the month of Nisan.[a][12]

In the Jewish prayer-books (the Siddur and Machzor), Rosh Hashanah is also called Yom Hazikaron (the day of remembrance),[4] not to be confused with the modern Israeli remembrance day of the same name.

The origin of the Hebrew New Year is connected to the beginning of the economic year in the agricultural societies of the ancient Near East.[13] The New Year was the beginning of the cycle of sowing, growth, and harvest; the harvest was marked by its own set of major agricultural festivals.[13] The Semites generally set the beginning of the new year in autumn, while other ancient civilizations chose spring for that purpose, such as the Persians or Greeks; the primary reason was agricultural in both cases, the time of sowing the seed and bringing in the harvest.[13]

Some scholars posit a connection between the Babylonian festival Akitu and Rosh Hashanah, as there are some striking similarities. The Akitu festival of Ur was celebrated in the beginning of Nisanu (first month), which lasted at least five days, and again in Tashritu, the seventh month, which lasted eleven days.[14] In one of the rituals and cultic processions the god Marduk (and the earthly Babylonian representative) was re-enthroned, and the king in a penitential ritual had to bow down before Marduk and convince him that he has not shirked off his duties as king and that he has not sinned.[15] Marduk also made judgements that day and decided the fate of his subjects (the Babylonians) for the upcoming year. On the last day the gods reconvened to finalize what has been decided in the previous assembly. This particularly is reminiscent of the ten day gap between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, in the latter which God is said to sign the fate of the wicked and the good in the book of life and dead that has already been decided on Rosh Hashanah.[16] Akitu was also strongly tied to the creation myth of Enuma Elish and the victory of Marduk over the sea monster Tiamat, and the creation of the universe from her corpse. Similarly it is said that the world was created on Rosh Hashanah.[17]

The reckoning of Tishrei as the beginning of the Jewish year began with the early Egyptians and was preserved by the Hebrew nation,[18] being also alluded to in the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 7:11)[19] when describing the Great Deluge at the time of Noah. This began during the "second month" (Marheshvan) counting from Tishrei, a view that has largely been accepted by the Sages of Israel.[20]

Rosh Hashanah marks the start of the numbering of a new year in the Hebrew calendar, but, just as modern governments may insist on taxing over a fiscal year, universities observe an academic year, and the Christian liturgical calendar begins on the first Sunday in Advent, in Jewish law, four different New Years are observed. In order of import, they are Rosh Hashanah (the first of Tishrei), the first of Nisan, the first of Elul, and Tu BiShvat (the fifteenth of Shevat). Each one delineates the beginning of a "year" for different legal or ecclesiastical purposes. The Talmudic distinctions among the "New Years" are discussed in the tractate on Rosh Hashanah.[4] Rosh Hashanah is the new year for calculating ordinary calendar years, Sabattical years, Jubilee years, and dates inscribed on legal deeds and contracts. Rosh Hashanah commemorates the creation of Man.[21] In Jewish practice, the months are numbered starting with the spring month of Nisan, making Tishrei the seventh month; Rosh Hashanah, the first day of the new calendar year, is also actually the first day of the seventh month.[22]

The second of these "New Years", the first of the lunar month Nisan (usually corresponds to the months MarchApril in the Gregorian calendar) is the beginning of the ecclesiastical year; the months are numbered beginning with Nisan. It marks the start of the year for the three Jewish pilgrimages.[23] Its injunction is expressly stated in the Hebrew Bible: "This month shall be unto you the beginning of months" (Exodus 12:2).[24] Their injunction is expressly stated in the Hebrew Bible: "Three times in the year you shall keep a feast unto me... the feast of unleavened bread (Passover)... the feast of harvest (Shavuot)... and the feast of ingathering (Sukkot) which is at the departing of the year" (Exodus 23:1416).[25] "At the departing of the year" implies that the new year begins here.[26] It is also when a new year is added to the reign of Jewish kings.

The third "New Year," the first of Elul, the new year for animals, began the religious taxation period for tithing animals in Biblical times. Sensibly, Elul corresponds to the Gregorian August/September, after the spring birthings, when it was relatively simple to count the number of animals in herds. The fourth "New Year," Tu Bishvat, the new year for trees, began the religious taxation period for tithing fruits and nuts from trees. Again, sensibly, Shevat corresponds to the Gregorian January/February, the end of the Mediterranean wet season when the majority of the year's rainfall had occurred. Taking fruit or nuts from a tree younger than three years old, with the birthday counted as Tu Bishvat, was prohibited.

The Mishnah contains the second known reference to Rosh Hashanah as the "day of judgment" (Yom haDin).[27] In the Talmud tractate on Rosh Hashanah, it states that three books of account are opened on Rosh Hashanah, wherein the fate of the wicked, the righteous, and those of the intermediate class are recorded. The names of the righteous are immediately inscribed in the Book of Life and they are sealed "to live". The intermediate class is allowed a respite of ten days, until Yom Kippur, to reflect, repent, and become righteous;[28] the wicked are "blotted out of the book of the living forever."[29]

Some midrashic descriptions depict God as sitting upon a throne, while books containing the deeds of all humanity are opened for review, and each person passes in front of him for evaluation of his or her deeds.[30]

"The Holy One said, 'on Rosh Hashanah recite before Me [verses of] Sovereignty, Remembrance, and Shofar blasts (malchuyot, zichronot, shofarot): Sovereignty so that you should make Me your King; Remembrance so that your remembrance should rise up before Me. And through what? Through the Shofar.' (Rosh Hashanah 16a, 34b)"[31]

This is reflected in the prayers composed by classical rabbinic sages for Rosh Hashanah found in traditional machzorim where the theme of the prayers is the "coronation" of God as King of the universe, in preparation for the acceptance of judgments that will follow on that day.

The best-known ritual of Rosh Hashanah is the blowing of the shofar, a musical instrument made from an animal horn. The shofar is blown at various points during the Rosh Hashanah prayers, and it is customary in most communities to have a total of 100 blasts on each day.[32]

While the blowing of the shofar is a Biblical statute, it is also a symbolic "wake-up call", stirring Jews to mend their ways and repent. The shofar blasts call out: "Sleepers, wake up from your slumber! Examine your ways and repent and remember your Creator."[33]

On Rosh Hashanah day, religious poems called piyyutim, are added to the regular services. A special prayer book, the machzor (plural machzorim), is used on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.[34] A number of additions are made to the regular service, most notably an extended repetition of the Amidah prayer for both Shacharit and Mussaf. The shofar is blown during Mussaf at several intervals.[35] (In many synagogues, even little children come and hear the shofar being blown.)[further explanation needed] A variety of piyyutim, medieval penitential prayers, are recited regarding themes of repentance. The Alenu prayer is recited during the silent prayer as well as the repetition of the Mussaf Amidah.[36]

The narrative in the Book of Genesis describing the announcement of Isaac's birth and his subsequent birth[37] is part of the Torah readings in synagogues on the first day of Rosh Hashanah, and the narrative of the sacrifice and binding of Isaac[38] is read in synagogue on the second day of Rosh Hashanah.

The Mussaf Amidah prayer on Rosh Hashanah is unique in that apart from the first and last three blessings, it contains three central blessings making a total of nine. These blessings are entitled "Malchuyot" (Kingship, and also includes the blessing for the holiness of the day as is in a normal Mussaf), "Zichronot" (Remembrance), and "Shofarot" (concerning the shofar). Each section contains an introductory paragraph followed by selections of verses about the "topic". The verses are three from the Torah, three from the Ketuvim, three from the Nevi'im, and one more from the Torah. During the repetition of the Amidah, the shofar is sounded (except on Shabbat) after the blessing that ends each section.[39] Recitation of these three blessings is first recorded in the Mishna,[40] though writings by Philo and possibly even Psalms 81[41] suggest that the blessings may have been recited on Rosh Hashanah even centuries earlier.[42]

Rosh Hashanah is preceded by the month of Elul, during which Jews are supposed to begin a self-examination and repentance, a process that culminates in the ten days of the Yamim Nora'im, the Days of Awe, beginning with Rosh Hashanah and ending with the holiday of Yom Kippur.[43][44]

The shofar is traditionally blown on weekday mornings, and in some communities also in the afternoon, for the entire month of Elul, the month preceding Rosh Hashanah. The sound of the shofar is intended to awaken the listeners from their "slumbers" and alert them to the coming judgment.[45][43]The shofar is not blown on Shabbat.[46]

In the period leading up to Rosh Hashanah, penitential prayers called selichot, are recited. The Sephardic tradition is to start at the beginning of Elul, while the Ashkenazic and Italian practice is to start a few days before Rosh Hashanah.[43]

The day before Rosh Hashanah day is known as Erev Rosh Hashanah ("Rosh Hashanah eve").[47] It is the 29th day of the Hebrew month of Elul, ending at sundown, when Rosh Hashanah commences. Some communities perform Hatarat nedarim (a nullification of vows) after the morning prayer services.[48] Many Orthodox men immerse in a mikveh in honor of the coming day.[49]

Rosh Hashanah meals usually include apples dipped in honey to symbolize a sweet new year;[50] this is a late medieval Ashkenazi addition, though it is now almost universally accepted.[citation needed] Other foods with a symbolic meaning may be served, depending on local minhag ("custom"), such as the head of a fish (to symbolize the prayer "let us be the head and not the tail").[51]

Many communities hold a "Rosh Hashanah seder" during which blessings are recited over a variety of symbolic dishes.[52][53][54] The blessings have the incipit "Yehi ratzon", meaning "May it be Thy will." In many cases, the name of the food in Hebrew or Aramaic represents a play on words (a pun). The Yehi Ratzon platter may include apples (dipped in honey, baked or cooked as a compote called mansanada); dates; pomegranates; black-eyed peas; pumpkin-filled pastries called rodanchas; leek fritters called keftedes de prasa; beets; and a whole fish with the head intact. It is also common among Sephardim to eat stuffed vegetables called legumbres yaprakes.[55]

Some of the symbolic foods eaten are dates, black-eyed peas, leeks, spinach, and gourd, all of which are mentioned in the Talmud:[56] "Let a man be accustomed to eat on New Year's Day gourds (), and fenugreek (),[57] leeks (), beet [leaves] (), and dates ()."

Pomegranates are used in many traditions, to symbolize being fruitful like the pomegranate with its many seeds.[58] Typically, round challah bread is served, to symbolize the cycle of the year.[58][50] From ancient to quite modern age, lamb head or fish head were served. Nowadays, gefilte fish and lekach are commonly served by Ashkenazic Jews on this holiday. On the second night, new fruits are served to warrant the inclusion of the shehecheyanu blessing.[51]

The ritual of tashlikh is performed on the afternoon of the first day of Rosh Hashanah by most Ashkenazic and Sephardic Jews (but not by Spanish and Portuguese Jews or some Yemenites, as well as those who follow the practices of the Vilna Gaon). Prayers are recited near natural flowing water, and one's sins are symbolically cast into the water. Many also have the custom to throw bread or pebbles into the water, to symbolize the "casting off" of sins. In some communities, if the first day of Rosh Hashanah occurs on Shabbat, tashlikh is postponed until the second day. The traditional service for tashlikh is recited individually and includes the prayer "Who is like unto you, O God... And You will cast all their sins into the depths of the sea", and Biblical passages including Isaiah 11:9 ("They will not injure nor destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth shall be as full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea") and Psalms 118:59, Psalms 121 and Psalms 130, as well as personal prayers. Though once considered a solemn individual tradition, it has become an increasingly social ceremony practiced in groups. Tashlikh can be performed any time until Hoshana Rabba, and some Hasidic communities perform Tashlikh on the day before Yom Kippur.[59]

The Hebrew common greeting on Rosh Hashanah is Shanah Tovah (Hebrew: ; pronounced[ona tva] in many Ashkenazic communities and pronounced[ana tova] in Israeli and Sephardic communities), which translated from Hebrew means "[have a] good year".[60] Often Shanah Tovah Umetukah (Hebrew: ), meaning "[have a] Good and Sweet Year", is used.[61] In Yiddish the greeting is "a gut yor" ("a good year") or "a gut gebentsht yor" ("a good blessed year").[60] The formal Sephardic greeting is Tizku Leshanim Rabbot ("may you merit many years"),[62] to which the answer is Ne'imot VeTovot ("pleasant and good ones"); while in Ladino, they say , "anyada buena, dulse i alegre" ("may you have a good, sweet and happy New Year").[citation needed]

A more formal greeting commonly used among religiously observant Jews is Ketivah VaChatimah Tovah (Hebrew: ), which translates as "A good inscription and sealing [in the Book of Life]",[60] or L'shanah tovah tikatevu v'techatemu meaning "May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year".[61][63] After Rosh Hashanah ends, the greeting is changed to G'mar chatimah tovah (Hebrew: ) meaning "A good final sealing", until Yom Kippur.[60] After Yom Kippur is over, until Hoshana Rabbah, as Sukkot ends, the greeting is Gmar Tov (Hebrew: ), "a good conclusion".[64]

Unlike the denominations of Rabbinical Judaism, Karaite Judaism believes the Jewish New Year starts with the first month and celebrates this holiday only as it is mentioned in the Torah, that is as a day of rejoicing and shouting.[65] Karaites allow no work on the day except what is needed to prepare food (Leviticus 23:23, 24).[66]

Samaritans preserve the biblical name of the holiday, Yom Teruah, and do not consider the day to be a New Year's day.[67]

The Torah defines Rosh Hashanah as a one-day celebration, and since days in the Hebrew calendar begin at sundown, the beginning of Rosh Hashanah is at sundown at the end of 29 Elul. Since the time of the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem in 70 CE and the time of Rabban Yohanan ben Zakkai, normative Jewish law appears to be that Rosh Hashanah is to be celebrated for two days, because of the difficulty of determining the date of the new moon.[8] Nonetheless, there is some evidence that Rosh Hashanah was celebrated on a single day in Israel as late as the thirteenth century CE.[68]

Orthodox and Conservative Judaism now generally observe Rosh Hashanah for the first two days of Tishrei, even in Israel where all other Jewish holidays dated from the new moon last only one day. The two days of Rosh Hashanah are said to constitute "Yoma Arichtah" (Aramaic: "one long day"). In Reform Judaism, while most congregations in North America observe only the first day of Rosh Hashanah, some follow the traditional two-day observance as a sign of solidarity with other Jews worldwide.[69] Karaite Jews, who do not recognize Rabbinic Jewish oral law and rely on their own understanding of the Torah, observe only one day on the first of Tishrei, since the second day is not mentioned in the Written Torah.[70]

Originally, the date of Rosh Hashanah was determined based on observation of the new moon ("molad"), and thus could fall on any day of the week. However, around the third century CE, the Hebrew calendar was fixed, such that the first day of Rosh Hashanah never falls out on Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday.[71][72]

Rosh Hashanah occurs 163 days after the first day of Passover, and thus is usually (but not always) determined by the new moon closest to the autumnal equinox.

In terms of the Gregorian calendar, the earliest date on which Rosh Hashanah can fall is 5 September, as happened in 1842, 1861, 1899, and 2013. The latest Gregorian date that Rosh Hashanah can occur is 5 October, as happened in 1815, 1929, and 1967, and will happen again in 2043. After 2089, the differences between the Hebrew calendar and the Gregorian calendar will result in Rosh Hashanah falling no earlier than 6 September. Starting in 2214, the new latest date will be 6 October.[73]

In 2020 the Jewish President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, announced that Ukraine would declare Rosh Hashanah a national holiday.[74] This makes Ukraine the only country besides Israel where the day is a national holiday.[citation needed] Traditionally, mostly orthodox men travel to Uman every year to pray at the tomb of Rabbi Nachman.[citation needed]

Austria-Hungary/Germany, 1914

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Online Bookstore: Books, NOOK ebooks, Music, Movies & Toys

Posted By on November 23, 2022

Buy Books Online at BN.com, Americas Favorite Bookstore

No matter what youre a fan of, from Fiction to Biography, Sci-Fi, Mystery, YA, Manga, and more, Barnes & Noble has the perfect book for you. Shop bestselling books from the NY Times Bestsellers list, or get personalized recommendations to find something new and unique! Discover kids books for children of all ages including classics like Dr. Seuss to modern favorites like the Dog Man series.

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Fact check: Poster was once sold at U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum

Posted By on November 23, 2022

The claim: An "EarlyWarningSignsOfFascism"sign is from the U.S. Holocaust Museum

Celebrities including P!nkand Julianne Moorehave shared a post on Instagram that reads, This is from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Each early warning sign is here in present-day America. It includes a photo of a poster entitled EarlyWarning SignsOfFascism. The 14stated warning signs include rampant sexism, controlled mass media and fraudulent elections.

Laurence W. Britt, a writer and commentator on politics, history and economics, contributed an article to the bimonthly journal Free Inquiry in the spring of 2003. The op-ed entitled Fascism Anyone? contains 14 common threads between the seven regimes Britt analyzed, including Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

Britt said that Syracuse Cultural Workers Publisher of Peace and Justice Products since 1982, according to itswebsite produced a poster with his words with his permission.

Many other posters and paraphernalia with the Fascism theme have by (been) pirated by other producers, Britt wrote in an email. Tom Flynn, editor of Free Inquiry, accepted Britts piece in the early 2000s.

I never received more reprint requests for any single article than I did for Britt's Fascism, Anyone? Further, I never stumbled upon more republications without permission than I did for this piece, Flynn said.

Raymund Flandez, communications officer at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, recognized the poster shared on social media.

The poster was previously for sale in the Museum Shop but was never part of an exhibition or display, Flandez said.

Flynn said that within the last two years, acquaintances sent him photos of the poster on sale at the now-defunct Newseum and the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.

The claim in the Instagram post about the poster's ties to the Holocaust Memorial Museum is MISSING CONTEXT, based on our research. While a poster with the Early WarningSignsOfFascism was indeed previously sold in the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Shop, it did not originate from the museum and was not part of any exhibition or display. Britt wrote the words in a 2003 article in Free Inquiry, which Syracuse Cultural Workers reprinted and sold with his permission.

Thank you for supporting our journalism. You cansubscribe to our print edition, ad-free app or electronic newspaper replica here.

Our fact check work is supported in part by a grant from Facebook.

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Fact check: Poster was once sold at U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum

Two new movies, Till and U.S. and the Holocaust, help us connect the dots between Jim Crow and fascism – Andscape

Posted By on November 23, 2022

Two new movies, Till and U.S. and the Holocaust, help us connect the dots between Jim Crow and fascism  Andscape

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Two new movies, Till and U.S. and the Holocaust, help us connect the dots between Jim Crow and fascism - Andscape

Villager Maggie Wacker recently donated her fathers diary to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum – The Villages Daily Sun

Posted By on November 23, 2022

Villager Maggie Wacker recently donated her fathers diary to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum  The Villages Daily Sun

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Villager Maggie Wacker recently donated her fathers diary to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - The Villages Daily Sun

Anti-Defamation League to Adidas: Sever ties with Ye’s Yeezy

Posted By on November 23, 2022

Kanye West arrives at the Vanity Fair Oscar Party on Feb. 9, 2020, in Beverly Hills, Calif.

Evan Agostini | Invision | AP

The Anti-Defamation League is urging Adidas to sever ties with Ye, calling out his recent hateful comments in a letter to Adidas CEO Kasper Rorsted and Chair Thomas Rabe.

The rapper and designer, formerly known as Kanye West, has in recent weeks made several degrading remarks about Jewish people and targeted his business partners with public threats. In September, he parted ways with retailer Gap, and earlier this month, Adidas said it was reviewing its relationship with Ye.

In the interim, though, the retailer said it would "continue to co-manage the current product" from Ye's Yeezy brand, according to an Oct. 6 statement.

"In light of Kanye West's increasingly strident antisemitic remarks over the past few weeks, we were disturbed to learn that Adidas plans to continue to release new products from his Yeezy brand without any seeming acknowledgement of the controversy surrounding his most recent remarks," the ADL letter reads.

"We urge Adidas to reconsider supporting the Ye product line and to issue a statement making clear that the Adidas company and community has no tolerance whatsoever for antisemitism," the letter says.

Adidas did not immediately respond to request for comment from CNBC.

Ye first partnered with Adidas in 2013 but has recently said he believes the company stole his ideas and hasn't given him enough control over the Yeezy brand. He's posted pictures attacking Adidas board members to his social media and in early September posted a doctored image of a New York Times front page falsely claiming Rorsted had died.

In recent days, Ye's comments have escalated to include threatening and hateful comments about Jewish people. Twitter and Instagram both suspended him from the platforms. On Monday, right-wing social media company Parler said Ye had agreed to buy the app.

The ADL compiled a list of what it deemed harmful recent comments by Ye.

"At a time of rising antisemitism, when incidents in the U.S. reached an all-time high in 2021, such statements are more than damning they are dangerous. ... We hope that more companies, individuals, and political leaders will take action to show that there will be consequences for such hateful rhetoric and that they do not give Ye's antisemitism a pass," the statement said.

Adidas recently said its collaboration with Ye has been one of the most successful for the brand to date.

Morningstar analyst David Swartz estimates Yeezy sales for Adidas to be around $2 billion annually, potentially making up 10% of Adidas's total sales. The retailer doesn't report specific Yeezy sales numbers.

"Ten years ago, Adidas was struggling in the U.S., the largest sportswear market. Thanks, in part, to Yeezy, its U.S. business has rebounded," Swartz said. "It has helped bring its North America business back to relevance, and it has made Adidas relevant in the collectors' market and probably allows it to reach a demo that it has missed."

Separately on Thursday, Adidas announced preliminary third-quarter results in which the retailer lowered its full-year 2022 guidance due to deterioration of traffic trends in China and a significant inventory buildup as consumer demand waned in major Western markets.

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Anti-Defamation League to Adidas: Sever ties with Ye's Yeezy

Andrew Torba: Five Things to Know | ADL

Posted By on November 23, 2022

1. Torba is the founder and CEO of Gab, a social media platform and haven for hate and disinformation

Andrew Torba is the founder and CEO of Gab, an online hub for extremist and conspiratorial content. Since Gabs inception in 2016, Torba has positioned the platform as a free speech alternative to Twitter and other popular social media websites. Because of the platforms lax policies around content moderation, Gab quickly became known as a platform used by conspiracy theorists, white nationalists, neo-Nazis, members of militias and influential figures among the alt right.

The platform also has welcomed extremist and other problematic content, including verified accounts that share posts praising National Socialism, posts espousing QAnon conspiracy theories and hateful posts towards marginalized groups such as minorities, immigrants and members of the LGBTQ+ community. ADLs Center on Extremism (COE) has also found examples of extremist and harmful content, including the antisemitic and anti-immigrant rants Robert Bowers posted prior to his 2018 mass shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue, in which he killed 11 people.

Conspiracy theories and antisemitism are rife on Gab, including misinformation about COVID-19 and the 2020 Presidential electionas well as comments suggesting Jewish people control financial institutions like the U.S. Federal Reserve and have orchestrated violent global events such as the Russian revolution.

A number of online services have removed Gab based on concerns about content. In the days following the Tree of Life massacre, Gab was banned from using the blog posting site Medium, hosting provider Joyent, website domain provider GoDaddy and the payment providers Stripe and PayPal. When asked why they pulled their support, PayPal stated that Gab was explicitly allowing the perpetuation of hate, violence, or discriminatory tolerance. Meanwhile, Torba has continued to build and expand the platform.

2. Torba regularly uses Gab to promote antisemitism, right-wing extremist ideologies and conspiracy theories

Torba himself espouses much of the same hateful and extremist rhetoric that his platform is known for. In July 2022, Torba came under fire for antisemitic comments made on the Gab tv platform: This is a Christian nation. Christians outnumber you, by a lot. A lot. And were not gonna listen to 2%. You represent 2% of the country, ok? Were not bending the knee to the 2% anymore. Torba uses 2% to allude to Americas Jewish community, which makes up approximately two percent of the U.S. population. Torba has also shared the antisemitic belief that Jews control world institutions and governments, writing on Gab, The Judaic and pagan age of rule in America is over and that [w]e have seen the fruits...of our nation being led by Godless pagans, nonbelievers, Jews, and fake Christians-in-name-only.

COE has highlighted past examples of Torbas antisemitism

On August 18, 2022, Torba re-posted a comment from Gab user Josh Waller, which reads, in part: "So, should we subject our children to Jewish propaganda on television, music, or movies? Uh, no. Should we act like the nation of Israel is not in rebellion against God? Uh, no. Should we ignore that Talmudic zionists want to crush the Gentiles? Uh, no."

Josh Waller is a verified Gab account holder who regularly shares posts about his interpretation of Christianity. Waller also wrote an anti-Muslim Gab on August 16, 2022, claiming that Muslims "worship a demon." According to his Gab bio, Waller is currently developing a Presbyterian church in Tallahassee, Florida, and was banned from Twitter on July 13th, 2022.

Torba has also nodded to right-wing extremist ideologies such as accelerationism. In April 2021, in a response to general discourse discussing political elections, Torba commented, Dems win either way. Accelerate the decline so we can start rebuilding from the ashes. Torbas overall message mirrors accelerationism, a term used by white supremacists that expresses their desire to intensify societal conflicts and collapse.

While Torba differs from accelerationists in that he does not emphasize that this rebuilt society should be exclusively for white people, he has shared other conspiracy theories that are heavily promoted by white supremacists such as The Great Replacement theory. This theory suggests that people of color are replacing white people through immigration, birth rates and other economic, social and political means. Some versions of the conspiracy theory allege that Jewish people are orchestrating this Great Replacement in order to weaken white culture and values. In 2021, Torba posted on his personal Gab account that he supported Tucker Carlson and his promotion of the replacement theory, writing, Now today the ADL is trying to cancel Tucker Carlson for daring to speak the truth about the reality of demographic replacement that is absolutely and unequivocally going on in The West. These are not hateful statements, they [sic] objective facts that can no longer be ignored.

Torba has also frequently posted content in support of the January 6th insurrection as an acceptable response to political grievances, namely that the 2020 U.S. Presidential election was rigged in favor of President Biden. In an open letter to the U.S. Department of Justice, COE highlighted that Torba sent a message to Gab News subscribers prior to the January 6th Insurrection, saying: If you are heading to DC tomorrow remember to record video footage in landscape mode while filming. Document as much as you can and please know that your content is safe on Gab and Gab TV. Big Tech will undoubtably [sic] be censoring any and all footage to downplay the massive turnout and hide any communist violence that arises. Torba also posted on the day of the attack, In a system with rigged elections there are no longer any viable political solutions, and, would be a real shame if the people outside stormed the Senate.

Torba also shares COVID-19 and election misinformation, going so far as to publish an article on Gab with instructions on how to create a religious exemption document to prevent Gab users from getting injected with a potentially deadly experimental substance. Regarding election misinformation, Torba has shared conspiracy theories regarding the 2020 U.S. Presidential election and encouraged Gab users to share this misinformation with their peers and families. In a recent article, Torba claims that if more people were on Gab, then they would know much more about the rigged and stolen 2020 election. They would know about the January 6th hoax and see the video footage of Capitol police literally opening the doors and allowing the crowd into the Capitol. They would know about the Great replacement and who is doing it.

3. Torba has long promoted the concept of Christian nationalism, encouraging his followers to help build an independent Christian economy

While Torba only recently began using the specific phrase Christian nationalism, he has long argued that Christians should be building a parallel Christian economy and distancing themselves from mainstream institutions, creating their own social media platforms, banks and other resources. Using his influence as Gabs founder and CEO, Torba regularly publishes content that underscores this message.

In February 2021, Torba published an article asserting that the only way to push back against globalism and the corruption of public and private institutions is to leave the current system and build new infrastructures founded on Torbas concept of Christianity.

On August 23, 2021, in response to the Talibans takeover of Afghanistan, Torba wrote on Gab, If a bunch of dudes who hid in caves for twenty years can take their country back from the Globalist American Empire then theres no reason we cant too. All we have to do is exit their system and build our own.

While livestreaming on Nick Fuentes platform in July 2022, Torba shared that his ultimate goal is to build a coalition of Christian nationalists...and were gonna take this country back for the glory of God. He added, this is an explicitly Christian movement because this is an explicitly Christian country.

4. Torba has allied himself with extremists and far-right influencers

Torbas position as the head of an alternative social media platform has given him opportunities to connect with other prominent figures who have been banned from mainstream platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.

On February 25, 2022, Torba was a guest speaker at an annual event founded by white supremacist Nick Fuentes. The America First Political Action Conference (AFPAC III) consistently brings over 1,000 attendees, with thousands of viewers watching the conference live on Fuentes Cozy.tv streaming platform. Torbas speech highlighted his Christian nationalist beliefs; he said, America is a Christian nation and encouraged the audience to act to protect the countrys religious integrity.

This is not the first time Torba has collaborated with Fuentes. The two platform founders appear to view each other as integral to creating an alternative technology ecosystem that allows online users to share their content without fear of being banned. Fuentes, who is active on Gab, has highlighted his admiration for Torba, saying, I trust Gab because Gab is run by a faithful Christian. And not some Judeo-Christian either, a Christian. Likewise, Torba is active on Fuentes livestreaming platform, where he is a verified content creator.

Torba has both interviewed and been interviewed by several other extremists, conspiracy theorists and far-right influencers.

Conspiracy theorist Alex Jones has praised Torba for his work. In a 2021 interview between Jones and Torba, Jones tells his audience that we should all rally behind Gab, we should empower [Torba].

In 2021, the far-right conspiracy theorist Stew Peters interviewed Torba and praised Gab, sharing that he believes Gab is going to be the Alamo of free speech. Peters also appeared at Fuentes AFPAC III, where he highlighted that Americas enemy is Satan himself, who is flooding our schools with blood libel against white people and allowing an Islamic insurgency.

In June 2020, Torba was interviewed by Peter Brimelow the founder of the racist and conspiratorial website VDare, during which Torba claimed that hate speech does not exist.

Finally, Torba has been interviewed multiple times by the far-right influencer Steve Bannon on his online show Bannons War Room. During these interviews, Torba shares his beliefs on election conspiracies and transhumanism, a conspiracy theory that governments are modifying bodies and DNA via secretly inserted chips.

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Andrew Torba: Five Things to Know | ADL

Tree of Life

Posted By on November 21, 2022

May their memories be for a blessing

Joyce FienbergYiddis Bultcha bat Aba Menachem

Jerry RabinowitzYehudah Ben Yechezkel

David RosenthalDovid Ben Eliezer

Cecil RosenthalCecil Chaim Ben Eliezer

Irving YoungerYitzchok Chaim ben Menachem

Dan SteinDaniel Avrom ben Baruch

Rose MallingerRaizel bas Avrohom

Richard GottfriedYosef Ben Hyman

Bernice SimonBeila Rochel bas Moshe

Sylvan SimonZalman Shachna Ben Menachem Mendel

Mel WaxMoshe Gadol Ben Yosef

We are deeply moved by the outpouring of support for our synagogue from our community and people across the country and around the world in the wake of the horrific anti-Semitic attack of October 27, 2018. We will continue to mourn our lost congregants, even as we honor their memories by healing, growing, and strengthening the congregation they loved. We deeply appreciate the many offers of assistance and support of the victims' families and to help rebuild the Tree of Life synagogue. Your support proves that love is truly stronger than hate.

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Tree of Life


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