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Israel: Geography, History, Politics, and More

| November 4, 2015

State of Israel President-elect: Reuven Rivlin (2014) Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu (2009) Land area: 7,849 sq mi (20,329 sq km); total area: 8,019 sq mi (20,770 sq km) Population (2014 est.): 7,821,850 (growth rate: 1.46%); birth rate: 18.44/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.98/1000; life expectancy: 81.28 Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Jerusalem, 791,000 Note: Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but the U.S., like nearly all other countries, maintains its embassy in Tel Aviv. Other large cities: Tel Aviv-Yafo 3.381 million; Haifa 1.054 million Monetary unit: Shekel National name: Medinat Yisra'el Current government officials Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic, English Ethnicity/race: Jewish 75.1% (of which Israel-born 73.6%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 17.9%, Africa-born 5.2%, Asia-born 3.2%), non-Jewish 24.9% (mostly Arab) (2012 est.) Religions: Jewish 75.1%, Muslim 17.4%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 3.9% (2012 est.) National Holiday: Independence Day, April or May 14 Literacy rate: 97% (2004 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2014 est.): $273.2 billion; per capita $36,200.

Rewriting Israel’s History :: Middle East Quarterly

| November 4, 2015

Efraim Karsh is director of the Mediterranean Studies Programme at King's College, University of London, and editor of the quarterly journal Israel Affairs.

Akhlah, the Jewish children’s learning network

| November 4, 2015

Dear Akhlah Friends and Family: Sixteen years ago, I saw a need for Jewish education materials designed just for very young children that would be freely available online. A site where Jewish families who lived far from a temple or shul, or didn't have access to a congregational cheder, could access the teaching/learning materials that would strengthen their childrens' connection to their Jewish heritage

A Synopsis of the Israel/Palestine Conflict

| November 2, 2015

The following is a very short synopsis of the history of this conflict. We recommend that you also read the much more detailed account, "The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict." For centuries there was no such conflict. In the 19th century the land of Palestine was inhabited by a multicultural population approximately 86 percent Muslim, 10 percent Christian, and 4 percent Jewish living in peace.[1] In the late 1800s a group in Europe decided to colonize this land.

History of Israel – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

| October 28, 2015

The history of Israel encompasses the history of the Jews in the Land of Israel, as well as the history of the modern State of Israel.

A Timeline of the History of Israel – Contender Ministries

| August 25, 2015

C. 17th Century BCE Documents unearthed in Mesopotamia, dating back to 2000- 1500 BCE, corroborate aspects of their nomadic way of life as described in the Bible. The Book of Genesis relates how Abraham was summoned from Ur of the Chaldeans to Canaan to bring about the formation of a people with belief in the One God.

IsraeliPalestinian conflict – Wikipedia, the free …

| August 15, 2015

The IsraeliPalestinian conflict (Arabic: - al-Niza'a al'Filastini al 'Israili; Hebrew: - Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.[5] The conflict is wide-ranging, and the term is sometimes also used in reference to the earlier sectarian conflict in Mandatory Palestine, between the Jewish yishuv and the Arab population under British rule. The IsraeliPalestinian conflict has formed the core part of the wider ArabIsraeli conflict. It has been referred to as the world's "most intractable conflict".[7][8][9] Despite a long-term peace process and the general reconciliation of Israel with Egypt and Jordan, Israelis and Palestinians have failed to reach a final peace agreement.

Israel Defense Forces – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

| August 9, 2015

Military of Israel Israel Defense Forces logo Flag of the Israel Defense Forces United States (1968present)[5] Czechoslovakia (1948)[6] Germany (1998present)[7] The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; Hebrew: Tzva Hahagana LeYisra'el(helpinfo), lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel", commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal (), are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, and navy

History of the Israel Defense Forces – Wikipedia, the free …

| July 17, 2015

The history of the Israel Defense Forces is intertwined with history of the establishment of the Haganah after which the latter disbanded. Following the 1947 UN Partition Plan, which divided the British Mandate of Palestine, the country became increasingly volatile and fell into a state of civil war between the Jews and Arabs after the Arab residents rejected any plan that would allow for the creation of a Jewish state. In accordance with Plan Dalet the Haganah tried to secure the areas allotted to the Jewish state in the partition plan and the blocks of settlements that were in the area allotted to the Arab state.

Primer on Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict …

| July 17, 2015

Contents The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Zionist (now Israeli) Jews is a modern phenomenon, dating to the end of the nineteenth century. Although the two groups have different religions (Palestinians include Muslims, Christians and Druze), religious differences are not the cause of the strife. The conflict began as a struggle over land.

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