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Sephardic, Ashkenazic, Mizrahi and Ethiopian Jews – My …

Posted By on March 7, 2021

For most Americans, traditional Jewish culture summons up images of Passover seders with steaming bowls of matzah ball soup, black-hatted, pale-skinned Hasidic men, and Yiddish-speaking bubbes (grandmothers) and zeydes (grandfathers). In reality, these snapshots represent only one Jewish ethnic group Ashkenazi of many.

Shared Jewish history, rituals, laws, and values unify an international Jewish community. However, the divergent histories of Jewish communities and their contacts with other cultural influences distinguish Jewish ethnic groups from one another, giving each a unique way of being Jewish. In addition, thanks to intermarriage, conversion and interracial adoptiongrowing numbers of American Jews are of color and have Latino, Asian orAfrican-American ancestry.

Worldwide, Jews from distinct geographic regions vary greatly in their diet, language, dress, and folk customs. Most pre-modern Diaspora communities are categorized into three major ethnic groups (in Hebrew, sometimes called eidot, communities):

Hasidic Jewish women in Manhattan. (Bonnie Natko/Flickr)

The Jewish ethnic identity most readily recognized by North Americans the culture of matzah balls, black-hatted Hasidim, and Yiddish originated in medieval Germany. Although strictly speaking, Ashkenazim refers to Jews of Germany, the term has come to refer more broadly to Jews from Central and Eastern Europe. Jews first reached the interior of Europe by following trade routes along waterways during the eighth and ninth centuries.

Eventually, the vast majority of Ashkenazim relocated to the Polish Commonwealth (todays Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, and Belarus), where princes welcomed their skilled and educated workforce. The small preexistent Polish Jewish communitys customs were displaced by the Ashkenazic prayer order, customs, and Yiddish language.

Jewish life and learning thrived in northeastern Europe. The yeshiva culture of Poland, Russia, and Lithuania produced a constant stream of new talmudic scholarship. In 18th-century Germany, the Haskalah movement advocated for modernization, introducing the modern denominations and institutions of secular Jewish culture.

Although the first American Jews were Sephardic, today Ashkenazim are the most populous ethnic group in North America. The modern religious denominations developed in Ashkenazic countries, and therefore most North American synagogues use the Ashkenazic liturgy.

Many historical documents recount a large population of Jews in Spain during the early years of the Common Era. Their cultural distinctiveness is characterized in Roman writings as a corrupting influence. Later, with the arrival of Christianity, Jewish legal authorities became worried about assimilation and maintaining Jewish identity. Despite these concerns, by the seventh century Sephardim had flourished, beginning a time known as the Golden Age of Spain.

During this period, Sephardic Jews reached the highest echelons of secular government and the military. Many Jews gained renown in non-Jewish circles as poets, scholars, and physicians. New forms of Hebrew poetry arose, and talmudic and halakhic (Jewish law) study took on great sophistication.

Ladino, the Judeo-Spanish language, unified Jews throughout the peninsula in daily life, ritual, and song. Ladino, a blend of medieval Spanish with significant loan words from Hebrew, Arabic, and Portuguese, had both a formal, literary dialect, and numerous daily, spoken dialects which evolved during the immigrations of Sephardic Jews to new lands.

The Sephardic Golden Age ended when Christian princes consolidated their kingdoms and reestablished Christian rule throughout Spain and Portugal. In 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella expelled all Jews from Spain; soon after, a similar law exiled Jews from Portugal. Sephardic Jews immigrated to Amsterdam, North Africa, and the Middle East.

Others established new communities in the Americas or converted publicly to Christianity, sometimes secretly maintaining a Jewish life. These converts (known in Ladino as conversos and in Hebrew as anusim, forced converts) often maintained their Judaism in secret. In the 21st century, there are still people in both Europe and the Americas who are discovering and reclaiming their Jewish ancestry.

Wherever Sephardic Jews traveled, they brought with them their unique ritual customs, language, arts, and architecture. Sephardic synagogues often retain the influence of Islam in their architecture by favoring geometric, calligraphic, and floral decorative motifs. Although they may align with the Ashkenazic religious denominations (usually Orthodoxy), the denominational identity of Sephardic synagogues is, in most cases, less strong than their ethnic identity.

At home, Ladino songs convey family traditions at the Shabbat table, although Ladino is rapidly disappearing from daily use. Sephardic Jews often maintain unique holiday customs, such as a seder for Rosh Hashanah that includes a series of special foods eaten as omens for a good new year and the eating of rice and legumes (kitniyot)on Passover.

Refugee Jews from Kurdistan in Tehran, 1950. (Magnes Collection of Jewish Art, University of California, Berkeley)

Although often confused with Sephardic Jews (because they share many religious customs), Mizrahi Jews have a separate heritage. Mizrahi (in Hebrew, Eastern or Oriental) Jews come from Middle Eastern ancestry. Their earliest communities date from Late Antiquity, and the oldest and largest of these communities were in modern Iraq (Babylonia), Iran (Persia), and Yemen.

Today, most Mizrahi Jews live either in Israel or the United States. In their new homes, Mizrahi Jews are more likely than other Jews to maintain particularly strong ties with others from their familys nation of origin. Thus, it is not uncommon to find a specifically Persian or Bukharan synagogue. Likewise, Mizrahi Jews are not united by a single Jewish language; each subgroup spoke its own tongue.

The unique Mizrahi culture has penetrated Israeli mainstream society in recent years. Yemenite music entered the pop scene with Ofra Haza, who blended traditional instruments, rhythms, and lyrics with modern flair. Yemenite silversmiths create sacred objects used by Jews of all backgrounds. Mizrahi restaurants where large platters of skewered meat and breads and bowl upon bowl of salads and condiments are shared by a group have become fashionable gathering places in Israel.

Despite these trends, Jewish ethnic barriers remain strong. In Israel, Ashkenazic Jews still dominate leadership roles in public institutions. For much of Israels history, Sephardic and Mizrahi Jews were disproportionately underrepresented in the government. Yet now, they make up more than half of the population.

An Ethiopian Jewish family shortly after arriving in Israel in 2009. (Jewish Agency for Israel/Flickr)

A Jewish community in EthiopiatheBeta Israel(House of Israel)has existed for at least 15 centuries.

Because of low literacy levels, a tendency to rely on oral traditions and nomadic lifestyles among most Ethiopians prior to the 20th century, historic material about this community is scant and unreliable.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, tens of thousands of Ethiopian Jews emigrated to Israel, leaving behind a very small community. Learn more about Ethiopian Israelis here.

Many Jews today live a multi-layered Jewish existence. Some Ethiopian Jews attend Hasidic yeshivas, and some Sephardic Jews enjoy matzah ball soup at their Passover seders. Jews from all backgrounds often borrow each others cultural traditions. Many populous Jewish communities have a diverse range of ethnicities, and that diversity presents itself even within individual families.

Though some of these cultural divides have healed partially due to the increase in marriages among members of different ethnic groups ethnicity is still highly relevant in Israeli society. For example, the public school curriculum over-represents Ashkenazic cultural achievements and history. At least one study recently reported that Mizrahi Jews are still half as likely to attend universities as Ashkenazi Jews.

Massive economic disparities exist among different communities, since Mizrahi immigrants frequently were brought to Israel by emergency airlifts, arriving with minimal property or wealth. Partially as a way to combat these discrepancies, Israeli political parties are often formed along ethnic lines, such as Shas (Sephardic), Agudas Israel (Ashkenazic), and Atid Ehad (Ethiopian Jews).

Some Jews protect their ethnic identity in other ways. Religious Jews will follow the customsof their ancestors in both their homes and synagogues. Others consciously study their traditional Jewish language, whether Yiddish, Ladino, or Farsi (Persian) and join social clubs based on their ethnic heritage. In North America, where secular schools often celebrate multiculturalism, Jewish supplemental and day schools have begun to include Jewish ethnic diversity in their curricula. Indeed Jewish ethnicity becomes a way to trace the course of Jewish history.

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Sephardic, Ashkenazic, Mizrahi and Ethiopian Jews - My ...

Jewish American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage …

Posted By on March 7, 2021

May has been proclaimed by President Obama and United States Congress, Jewish American Heritage Month. Despite years of oppression and persecution, Jews have always risen up to help bring improvement and progress to society. For more than the 350 years, Jews have been making major contributions to the American culture, including arts, science, medicine, sports, business, government and military service.

Escaping religious persecution and ethnic violence and seeking political freedom and economic opportunity, American Jews, over centuries, have held firm in the belief that the United States was "Di Goldene Medina" -- the Golden Country. Those who moved here built houses and gardens, raised families, and launched businesses. They have pursued education to advance their mission to make the world a better place. In every aspect of the country's cultural, spiritual, economic, and civic life, American Jews have stood at the forefront of the struggles for human freedom, equality, and dignity, helping to shine a light of hope to people around the globe.

- Donald J. Trump

The Jewish people's pursuit of freedom brought multitudes to our shores...let us honor their tremendous contributions...And let all of us find inspiration in a story that speaks to the universal human experience, with all of its suffering and all of its salvation.

- Barack Obama

Jewish American Heritage Month [is] to increase tolerance and raise awareness about ...the depth and breadth of contributions of Jews through 350 years of Jewish life in America... through every walk of life is incredibly important.

- George W. Bush

Jewish citizens have contributed their knowledge and skills to every field of endeavor, including education, business, industry, science, and the arts. Their names are permanently etched in America's history books, and the Jewish community's rich heritage and culture pervade all aspects of American society.

- William J. Clinton

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Jewish American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage ...

Himself wants to know, will you be celebratin’ the luck o’ the Oirish this particular year? – Platte County Record Times

Posted By on March 7, 2021

I have ancestors who as near as I can figure through genealogical records have come from Scotland and Ireland and before that can be traced back to either Judah or Manasseh, Asher and Gad.I mean, everyone has had to come from four different men and their wives that came out of that flood alive. Eight. New beginnings.

Anyway, the middle of the month of March holds a great attraction for me. March madness, St. Patricks Day, the official start of spring, a birthday, Irish-American Heritage Month, among many others.

Today is actually National I Want You To Be Happy Day. So if youre stressed, dont worry, be happy. You now have a reason to celebrate the season.

In the coming weeks, however we will hit the motherload of all eclipses. First of all, March 16 is NATIONAL EVERYTHING YOU DO IS RIGHT DAY. And when youre right, youre right. March 17 is NATIONAL CORNED BEEF AND CABBAGE DAY. March 18 is NATIONAL SLOPPY JOE DAY because there isnt any corned beef left from the previous day. Second, its leading up to a weekend with excuses to party during the week. Third, both Sloppy Joe Day and the NCAA Div. 1 Mens Basketball Tournament occur at the same time. More people take these days off as NATIONAL FAKE AN ILLNESS DUE TO THE NCAA TOURNAMENT DAY. Muffled cough. Yeah, I have a tickle in my throat today and probably will be progressing into bronchitis by the 18th.

Come Monday, my voice will be gone, I will have had a serious lack of sleep and it all lends itself well to the whole sickness faade.

About a billion people will be hovering with slumped shoulders over their NCAA bracket sheets that are already covered with nacho cheese, adult beverage stains and crumpled over and over again, so that by Sunday night, second and third copies will have to be reprinted.

By Saturday night, one week after you have received an extra hour of daylight each day, the weekend is in full swing, and there really should be a I think you need a designated driver day. Cant all-caps it as it has yet to make national status.

So, living now in southeastern Wyoming or Cowboy Land as Ive heard it referred to by those living outside of the state, how is it celebrated here? I found out with a little research that the holiday is HUGE among the Irish cowboys.

Since we all like to follow suit as dictated by the motherland, I assume the joints shall be rockin with the upcoming holiday. Especially Kelleys Bar in Guernsey which sports the national symbol of Ireland.

I can remember St. Pattys days of yore and all the different places Ive encountered the holiday. Scotland becomes very festive even though they dont particularly care for the Irish a lot. But, Ireland does have a holiday named for an Irish Apostle who was born in Scotland. Aye. Patrick.

Chicago. A distant memory where the entire city goes green and my favorite place to celebrate. They dye the Chicago River green, the fish become green for a few days, the beer is green, the clovers are out in force and at many Karaoke bars, the only song that you can pick to sing is Oh Danny Boy. At first, its pretty redundant until the green beer kicks in and then, with a plate of corn beef and cabbage, you find the song becoming more sentimental as the night goes on and your hash is salted by tears.

They say that drinking on New Years Eve is amateur night compared to the drinking that occurs on St. Pattys month in Chicago. Yeah, Im pretty sure they dont have a day, but the whole month to celebrate.

Fun facts about St. Pattys Day

So, whatever your passion this weekend, whether it be basketball, beer, beef or beautiful weather, I would like to remind you that St. Patricks Day is usually notorious for a guest appearance by Mother Nature who brings Jack Frost and a freezing pant-load of snow. Be careful out there, and best of the luck o the Irish which means,a positive look at a bad situation.

From experience? My bracket starts out well and then it leans on the stick and sends me into a nosedive, which is why I always call my bracket, luck o the Irish and smile politely as the 103rd person is singing Oh Danny Boy, at Fados Irish Pub. In Chicago.

This year I will be doing a traditional Irish lunch in Guernsey at Services for Seniors and will be performing an afternoon luncheon concert for the seniors! Oh to be sure, tis goin to be a pleasure to sing Oh Danny Boy.

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Himself wants to know, will you be celebratin' the luck o' the Oirish this particular year? - Platte County Record Times

La Santa Esther: Esther Among the Crypto-Jews of the Americas – Yu News

Posted By on March 7, 2021

On Tuesday, Feb. 23, 2021, Dr. Emily Colbert Cairns, associate professor at Salve Regina University, delivered a lecture titled La Santa Esther: Esther Among the Crypto-Jews of the Americas. The event was part of the Crisis and Hope: YU Voices lecture series and covered material found in Dr. Cairns chapter in Esther in America, published by the Zahava and Moshael Straus Center for Torah and Western Thought, and her book, Esther in Early Modern Iberia and the Sephardic Diaspora: Queen of the Conversas. The online lecture was attended by 50 Yeshiva University students and community members.

Dr. Cairns talk looked at the different ways Christians and crypto-JewsJews who pretended to be Christians in public but practiced their true faith in privateviewed the Book of Esther during the era of the Spanish Inquisition. The Christian perspective was illustrated through a set of 16th-century tapestries that told the story of Esther. The tapestries, which served as a sort of Bible for illiterate Christians, focus on the vastness and luxury of the empire and the power of the king. Even when Esther does appear, she is below the king, who is larger and more centered. Dr. Cairns also pointed out that the Fast of Esther is missing from the tapestries, replaced by more feasting and displays of King Ahasuerus bounty.

The crypto-Jewish perspective, which is told through the journals of Isabel and Leonor de Carvajal, tells a very different story. The journal is a collection of notes passed between the sisters while they were on trial for practicing Judaism. To them, Esthers hidden identity and adaptability was an inspiration and showed that one could succeed in living a double life. Isabel herself emulated Esther by fasting just as the Persian queen did, as it was one of the few ways she could display her Judaism without being questioned (fasting was also common among Christians). However, the sisters also self-flagellated and built an altar in their home, showing a conflation of Christian and Jewish customs among crypto-Jews.

Dr. Cairns noted that crypto-Jewish society was matriarchal. As the men were involved in commerce and spent long periods of time away from home, it fell on the women to pass along the tradition to their children. This was yet another display of the adaptability that Esther inspired in crypto-Jewish women, as it was historically uncommon for them to be involved in Jewish education.

Previous Crisis and Hope speakers included Stanley Mirvis, Elissa Bemporad and Scott Ellsworth. For a full listing of our past events along with recordings, please check out Crisis and Hope: YU Voices.

Originally posted here:

La Santa Esther: Esther Among the Crypto-Jews of the Americas - Yu News

Red Sox top prospect Triston Casas back in Fort Myers: The fact that hes here already is a positive step, Alex Cora says – Yardbarker

Posted By on March 7, 2021

Red Sox infield prospect Triston Casas returned to Fort Myers on Thursday night and is currently undergoing the intake process before reporting back to the Fenway South complex.

Casas, the top prospect in Bostons farm system according to Baseball America, had been in Boston for a non-baseball-related medical issue.

With Casas, were getting closer, Red Sox manager Alex Cora told reporters Saturday morning. Hes actually here in Fort Myers. Hes not here in the facility, still going through intake and all that stuff. But we feel confident that, hopefully, he can join the team over the course of the week. So things are trending in the right direction.

Casas, who turned 21 in January, is currently one of 34 non-roster invitees at major-league spring training. The left-handed hitting, right-handed throwing corner infielder was originally selected by Boston in the first round of the 2018 amateur draft out of American Heritage High School in Plantation, Fla.

The specific reason as to why Casas was in Boston is unclear, but the fact that he was there to be evaluated for a non-baseball medical issue caused quite the stir in regards to thinking about the Florida natives long-term outlook.

As of now, theres a lot of people involved in this situation, said Cora. And people are feeling better the last few days. So hopefully, like I said, if you see him joining the team, thats a good sign. The fact that hes here already is a positive step and hoping that he can join us. I think a lot of people are feeling better the last few days.

With no minor-league baseball last year, Casas is coming off a 2020 season in which he spent time at both the Red Sox alternate training site in Pawtucket and fall instructional league in Fort Myers, where he was one of the more impressive position players in attendance.

The last time he saw any organized minor-league action, the 6-foot-4, 252 lb. infielder slashed .256/.350/.480 with 20 home runs and 81 RBI over 120 total games between Class-A Greenville and High-A Salem en route to being named Bostons 2019 minor league offensive Player of the Year.

Casas is slated to begin the 2021 minor-league season with Double-A Portland, but the hope is he will have the opportunity to get into some Grapefruit League games before then.

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Red Sox top prospect Triston Casas back in Fort Myers: The fact that hes here already is a positive step, Alex Cora says - Yardbarker

Busiest Boxer in America Shinard Bunch Headlines Tonight On FIGHTNIGHT LIVE Card – NYFights

Posted By on March 7, 2021

Hes been just about the busiest boxer in the game during the pandemic period, and I dont know of any pros that arent record builders for other guys whove had more fights in such a short span of time that Shinard Bunch has.

The welterweight who reps Trenton, NJ headlines tonight on an RDR card in Feasterville, PA, which you can watch on Fightnight Live, debuted a pro on April 27, 2019. He fought seven times in 19, going 6-1, dropping a six rounder to Paul Kroll. Bunch, now 21 years old, fought just five times in 2020, because COVID gummed up the works for everybody. So far in 2021, Bunch has gloved up three times, and hes bested Dieumerci Nzau, Charlie Dubray and then, on Feb. 12, 14-28-3 Ariel Vasquez in Florida.

The young man goes where the fights are breaking out, so its back up East for the Saturday night main event, that you can watch on the streaming platform FloSports, which requires a moderate subscription fee. Fightnight Live is pleased to establish a connection to FloSports,asubscription sports broadcaster and streaming service, born in 2006, based in Austin, Texas.

I chatted with a chill Bunch, because hed enjoyed his post weigh in chodown, on a pile of shrimp Alfredo.

Bunch (left) seems to be a guy on a run, with momentum, working in a very structured and contained frenzy. Trainer Chino Rivas, he tells me, is pretty much a godsend, because he so appreciates the amount of knowledge that hes soaked up.

This is our third fight or so, and man, I feel like everythings improved, my speed, my power, the way I move, the way I think in the ring, the adjustments I makein there, he stated.

Not only physically, but mentally, too.

That process, the sponging up of knowledge, he said, started on day one when he started with with Rivas.

The last two victims got stopped out in round one, but Shinard Bunch doesnt sound like hes gotten enamored with the quick dopamine hit that comes from the KO1 win.

We dont ever go in to make a quick hit, we just look for openings, he said.

And we dont take anybody lightly. These opponents are in the ring for reason.

Check out some Bunch, here he is taking care of things in his tenth pro fight:

Compare his progress, to how Shinard Bunch looked in his fourth pro tango, against Kevin Womack Jr. That face-off screened on Fightnight Live, on Oct. 4, 2019.

His Feasterville dancing partner in Feasterville, Krael, enters with a 17-17-3 record.

I can almost guarantee that with that record, he deserves to be better than .500. Krael gets invited to the party to put up a solid test, but hes not being pushed as an A sider with a high ceiling. The 27 year old who was born in Hawaii, and has made Vegas his residence, last gloved up on Oct. 9, 2020. Top tier prospect Elvis Rodriguez stopped him out in round three of their scheduled eight.

Ive watched like four of his fights, Bunch said. Hes definitely a worthy opponent. Hes been known to last, throws a lot of punches, he can move. And will I be thinking of how other guys, like Rodriguez, beat him? No, definitely not, we will fight our fight. Im not going in to impress anybody.

Krael can expect a strong and confident foe, who is aggressive, who is going to stalk him, very patiently. Hell need to be wary of both hands, Bunch has above average power. Punches might come at him straight, sweeping from the side, from underneath, or over the top, in a span of 10 seconds. Right hands to the body will probably score on Krael a good bit, and Krael shouldnt expect that Bunch will get flustered.

Some back story; Shinard Bunch was raised by his mom, in Brooklyn, East NY. He picked up boxing young, after watching a Muhammad Ali DVD his mom bought, and worked with Zab Judahs dad, Yoel Judah. His family moved to Trenton, NJ, when he was 13, and he found a gym outlet in Jersey, and got back to grind. Props to him, Trenton features plenty of lures to help take you off a righteous path.

Get thishe had 406 amateur fights. And did he ever just get bored of that, I wondered? Did I get sick of it? Plenty of times! But never as a pro. As an amateur Id be fighting every week, sometimes two times a day! But then Id come back to itits something I really wanted to do, because I knew boxing would leave me far some day. Where? The promised land! The ultimate goal is a world championship, and the only thing also Im looking forward to is making sure my family is alright.

Bunch has three kids of his own, and a step-daughter hes folded in, as well as five sisters and two brothers.

Fortunately, COVID hasnt clamped down on Shinard Bunch, he shared. It didnt take too long, 8 weeks or so, before he started seeing bad numbers in his region. So Ive been staying away from people, taking a lot of precautions, in the gym, wiping everything down, he said, talking about that Lysol life. At first I didnt take it very seriously, but then I started seeing the numbers of dead. I knew it was not something to be playing with. Pretty impressive, this guy hasnt been afraid to keep grinding, working and traveling some to get fights, but hes been on message with his hygiene and distancing, and stayed virus free.

Its still early in the year, Id probably like to fight 7-8 more times this year, Bunch said. He does a fight, then studies what he did right, and wrong, and looks to improve with each outing.

The card kicks off at 7:30 PM ET, on FloSports.

The young man simply sounds like he has his head screwed on just-right-tight. I expect he continues the momo and elongates Kraels bad run.


Shinard Bunch 140 1/2 Cameron Krael 141 1/4

Rashiem Jefferson Jr. 130 Darel Harris 130

Nahir Albright 136 3/4 William Parra Smith 133 3/4

Edgar Joe Cortes 117 1/2 Michael Stoute 117.3

Nasir Mickens 129 3/4 Nathan Benichou 129 1/2

Promoter: RDR Promotions

1st Bell: 7:30 PM Stream: Flo Combat


In a year, we maybe get a title, USBA or something, get to No. 15, and after that start raising the stakes, start looking at bigger fights, Shinard Bunch said, in closing. Well move slowwell, some might not call it slow, but for me, its a good pace, its something I love to do. Down the line, anybody in my class or level, Terence Crawford, Gervonta Davis, Teofimo, Devin HaneyI keep working, stay focused, the skys the limit.

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Busiest Boxer in America Shinard Bunch Headlines Tonight On FIGHTNIGHT LIVE Card - NYFights

How One Looted Artifact Tells the Story of Modern Afghanistan – The New York Times

Posted By on March 7, 2021

Then, in 1988, as the Soviets prepared to depart and it became clear that Kabul could fall to the mujahedeen, the museum staff hid some of the most important objects in government facilities closer to the center of town. The Bactrian Hoard, a collection of 2,000-year-old jewelry and weapons, was stashed in the depths of the presidential palace. The museums staff kept its secret for the next decade, successfully safeguarding the finest treasures. But there wasnt enough space to move the remainder of the museums collection, including the Islamic wing.

One morning, Saifi and the others woke to a pillar of smoke rising in the distance. Fighting had broken out between two rival groups, and the museum was hit by rocket fire. An inferno raged on the top floor; in the galleries, metal and wood were reduced to heat, light and ash; stone cracked and shattered.

Not everything was destroyed in the blaze. Afterward, fighters in the area began stealing from the museum. They went for the low-hanging fruit, said Jolyon Leslie, who was working for the United Nations in Kabul. The museums coin collection, the remains of the Islamic gallery, and its remarkable Begram Ivories, delicate and portable, were all taken. At first, it was opportunistic: ragged, hungry men stumbling off with what they could carry. Leslie recalled driving past street sellers flogging items fresh from the museum, displayed among vegetables on a sheet of newspaper in the mud. My God, thats a Buddha, that isnt an onion, he realized. Hed stop and pay the equivalent of a few dollars, and take them for safekeeping.

But as time went on, the looting became more organized. Leslie was part of a group that tried to preserve what it could at the museum by welding iron bars onto the windows. The thieves came back with crowbars. One night, two massive schist reliefs in the entrance hall, which had seemed too heavy to remove, disappeared, presumably by truck. There were anecdotal reports that the mujahedeen were in cahoots with Pakistani dealers, Leslie said. Certainly, many of the museums looted artifacts turned up for sale across the border in Peshawar.

During the war, almost 100 Ghazni marbles, including the Hamburg panel, disappeared from the governments possession. The pieces that were missing were the big, complete pieces, Rugiadi told me. Though we cannot be certain, it seems probable that the Hamburg marble ended up on the black market in Pakistan, which was awash with Afghan antiquities. During the 90s, commanders and other wartime entrepreneurs invested in heavy machinery and labor to systematically excavate the richest sites. Thats when you have the looting of sites across the whole country, Simpson, the curator at the British Museum, said.

As tragic as the looting of the museum was, such illicit excavations were worse in an important sense, because they destroyed the archaeological record. At least we know something about the original site of the Ghazni marbles. But each illegal dig meant that information about the past was lost forever. Shorn of their connection to their sites of discovery, a rich stream of antiquities crossed Afghanistans borders, destined for world markets, many via the Persian Gulf, where the mujahedeen had well-established connections with wealthy patrons of the jihad.

According to the Italian database, the al-Sabah Collection in Kuwait holds four of the Ghazni panels taken from the Afghan government collection; others have ended up at the Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris, the Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization and the Islamic Art Museum Malaysia. The Sharjah Museum did not respond to a request for comment. Eric Delpont, director of the Paris museum, said that its panel was acquired from Hotel Drouot in 2003, and that the museum was unaware that it came from the Afghan government collection, believing it to be from a mausoleum in the Ghaznavid capital. Salam Kaoukji, the collection manager at al-Sabah, said that she was aware of their panels provenance but that she didnt know if there were plans for restitution, adding that it was up to the governments of Kuwait and Afghanistan to decide.

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How One Looted Artifact Tells the Story of Modern Afghanistan - The New York Times

Bigfoot Picture by Leo A. Frank – Exclusive! (Update …

Posted By on March 7, 2021

Before we get to the details about this picture and how it came about let me give you a little information about Leo.Leo has been researching for 20 years or more. I have seen many of his recent discoveries and they mirror many of my own findings, even though we are hundreds of miles apart. He has had a few sightings over this long research period. This last sighting resulted in the picture we are going to discuss today. Leo also has a growing facebook group page, Bigfoot/Sasquatch All Theories Welcome, make sure to check it out. It is a good group.

Now, lets get to the picture and how this all came about.

Leo, was contacted roughly 3 years ago to investigate some private property. The property owner had some unwanted activity around the home. Activity such as banging on the house, knocking over the wood pile, unknown vocals and tracks. After finding tracks himself, along with various tree formations, Leo started to spend more and more time in the area. Over that 3 year period he started doing some food gifting. He continued to discover tracks and stick formations. His track discoveries led him to believe there was only one bigfoot in the area and not a group.

Sometimes, Leo would pull overnight trips into the area. It was during one of these trips that he had a very nice vocal, but unfortunately was unable to record it. So, we fast forward to the weekend of October 7th. Leo returns to the property in the evening to leave some apples in the gifting area. He returns at roughly 3am the next morning on the 8th of October. Everything seemed quite, so Leo does a couple laps around the property to check things out. He ends up back at the gifting area. There is an odd feeling in the air. Leo starts to scan around the area. Then he scans to the large root ball of the fallen tree and that is when he sees the face looking over the root ball.

He stated the thought going through his mind was "Take a f@$%^ing picture!". So he did.

Leo got out his cell phone as fast as he could and started taking pictures. The creature didn't move at first but then lowered it's head behind the root ball and started to walk off. He attempted to get some pictures of it walking away but they just turned out blurry due to the creature moving and himself moving.

Now, I will share the original picture and some enhancements of it.Then Leo will answer some common questions.

The original picture on the left shows a bigfoot looking between a "V" shaped pattern on a root ball. The subject, according to Leo, is 7 foot tall. It would be easy to get a good estimate of the height based on the size of this root ball. Leo would know the approximate height of it, as he has spend many hours here. So, I would think his estimate of 7 foot tall is accurate.

One thing that immediately stands out is the size of the nose of the creature. I stated it was very much like the trolls you see in the movies. We must keep in mind that trolls fit the description of bigfoot and the term bigfoot came along much later than the word troll.

In some of the following enhancements you will get a better look at this large honker and the hair.

Here is a zoom on the head of this creature. As you can see it has a very large round nose, which is probably not typical in many reports. It also appears there is some greying of the hair on the head and chin, but this could be a lighting issue. It also appears, at least to me, that the chin hair is hanging over part of the root ball but again it is hard to say for sure. What I did on this is zoomed it in, adjusted the color slightly and used some sharpening filters.

In this enhancement, I think you may be able to see the face a little better. You can see the big nose and hair much better. It seems you can slightly see the mouth a little as well. It mouth appears to be turned downward on the corners. The hair appears dark and messy.

For this enhancement, I just played around with the lighting and contrast.

In this last enhancement I have cropped and drew lines to show the root ball and creature.

One of the first things that majority of people will notice and ask about is the appearance of the bigfoot. Yes, it does not look like the typical description of a bigfoot. But we must realize not all bigfoot look the same. Much like humans there can be different facial features. This particular picture inspired me to write a short post about this facial differences (You can find that post byClicking Here).Leo said this about it "this was the 6th Sasquatch that I have seen and not one of them looked the same..."He went on to say "I don't know why this one looks so unusual as far as that huge nose of his and the sour look..."

Question: Does Leo have more pictures and are they going to be released?

Yes, he does have several more pictures, I alluded to this in the above post. Leo has not decided when or if he will release the other pictures yet.

Question: Is Leo going back to the area soon?

No. Leo has some health issues and had this to say. "...coming home full of adrenaline,soaked from head to toe in sweat, cut up, beat up, and eaten up are not exactly good for me. So as for right now I am on at least a long break from it (Field research)."

Question: Were you scared?Leo had this to say "Yes I was scared, I have been every time I have had a sighting over the last 20 years, some will tell you "you should have done this" or" why didn't you do that "and thats all well and good until you have one looking right at you. Fear is a big part of field work whether people want to admit it or not. "

Now, with all of that said, I want to thank Leo for sharing his sighting, research and picture with all of us It is the weirdest looking bigfoot I have ever seen. It is sometimes hard to fend off the critics and the mean things people say. But in the end you know what you saw and what it was. I have people all the time tell me there is no such thing as bigfoot and that I should stop taking about it because it is not real. But those people are the ones missing out. I have seen bigfoot, I have tracked it and documented it. I know it is real. But those who are closed mined to the idea of bigfoot are missing out on one of the greatest mysteries of our modern times.

I hope to have more on this particular picture and Leo's research in the future but for now here is a short video of the story and picture.

I know many will have questions about the nose of this bigfoot. Bigfoot is very similar to humans and I would suspect it has many of the same diseases that human have. There are currenlty around 55 medical conditions that cause a large nose. You can read about them at this web address


Today, thanks to Leo, we can now provide an After photo of the are where the figure was standing. A special thanks to Leo A Frank for releasing the photo.


This post by Thomas Marcum, Thomas is the founder/leader of the cryptozoology and paranormal research organization known as The Crypto Crew. Over 20 years experience with research and investigation of unexplained activity, working with video and websites. A trained wild land firefighter and a published photographer, and poet.

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Bigfoot Picture by Leo A. Frank - Exclusive! (Update ...

Today in History – Journal Review

Posted By on March 7, 2021

By The Associated Press

Today in History

Today is Thursday, March 11, the 70th day of 2021. There are 295 days left in the year.

Todays Highlight in History:

On March 11, 1918, what were believed to be the first confirmed U.S. cases of a deadly global flu pandemic were reported among U.S. Army soldiers stationed at Fort Riley, Kansas; 46 would die. (The worldwide outbreak of influenza claimed an estimated 20 to 40 million lives.)

On this date:

In 1862, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln removed Gen. George B. McClellan as general-in-chief of the Union armies, leaving him in command of the Army of the Potomac, a post McClellan also ended up losing.

In 1935, the Bank of Canada began operations, issuing its first series of bank notes.

In 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Lend-Lease Bill, providing war supplies to countries fighting the Axis.

In 1942, as Japanese forces continued to advance in the Pacific during World War II, U.S. Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur left the Philippines for Australia, where he vowed on March 20, I shall return a promise he kept more than 2 years later.

In 1954, the U.S. Army charged that Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis., and his subcommittees chief counsel, Roy Cohn, had exerted pressure to obtain favored treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former consultant to the subcommittee. (The confrontation culminated in the famous Senate Army-McCarthy hearings.)

In 1955, Sir Alexander Fleming, the discoverer of penicillin, died in London at age 73.

In 1959, the Lorraine Hansberry drama A Raisin in the Sun opened at New Yorks Ethel Barrymore Theater.

In 1977, more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims were freed after ambassadors from three Islamic nations joined the negotiations.

In 1985, Mikhail S. Gorbachev was chosen to succeed the late Konstantin U. Chernenko as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.

In 1986, the state of Georgia pardoned Leo Frank, a Jewish businessman lynched in 1915 for the murder of 13-year-old Mary Phagan.

In 2004, ten bombs exploded in quick succession across the commuter rail network in Madrid, Spain, killing 191 people in an attack linked to al-Qaida-inspired militants.

In 2006, former Serb leader Slobodan Milosevic (sloh-BOH-dahn mee-LOH-shuh-vich) was found dead of a heart attack in his prison cell in the Netherlands, abruptly ending his four-year U.N. war crimes trial; he was 64.

Ten years ago: A magnitude-9.0 earthquake and resulting tsunami struck Japans northeastern coast, killing nearly 20,000 people and severely damaging the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station. Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker signed a measure to eliminate most union rights for public employees, a proposal that had provoked three weeks of loud, relentless protests. NFL owners and players broke off labor negotiations hours before their contract expired; the league imposed a lockout that lasted 4 months. Songwriter Hugh Martin, whose works included Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas and The Trolley Song, died in Encinitas, California, at age 96.

Five years ago: Nancy Reagans life was celebrated by 1,000 invited guests gathered at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California, to pay final tribute to the former first lady who had died five days earlier at the age of 94. Keith Emerson, 71, founder and keyboardist of the progressive-rock band Emerson, Lake and Palmer, took his own life in Santa Monica, California; he was 71.

One year ago: With infection clusters expanding in the United States and Europe, the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic. In an Oval Office address to the nation, President Donald Trump said he was sharply restricting travel from Europe to the U.S. The NBA suspended its season until further notice after a Utah Jazz player tested positive for the coronavirus. Actor Tom Hanks said that he and his wife, Rita Wilson, had tested positive in Australia; they were isolated in stable condition in a hospital. Former Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein was sentenced to 23 years in prison for rape and sexual abuse after delivering a rambling plea for mercy in a New York courtroom. Russian lawmakers approved constitutional reforms that would let President Vladimir Putin stay in power until 2036. Three service members, including two Americans, were killed when a barrage of rockets was fired at a military base in Iraq.

Todays Birthdays: Media mogul Rupert Murdoch is 90. Former ABC News correspondent Sam Donaldson is 87. Musician Flaco Jimenez (FLAH-koh hee-MEH-nez) is 82. Actor Tricia ONeil is 76. Actor Mark Metcalf is 75. Rock singer-musician Mark Stein (Vanilla Fudge) is 74. Singer Bobby McFerrin is 71. Movie director Jerry Zucker is 71. Singer Cheryl Lynn is 70. Actor Susan Richardson is 69. Recording executive Jimmy Iovine (eye-VEEN) is 68. Singer Nina Hagen is 66. Country singer Jimmy Fortune (The Statler Brothers) is 66. Actor Elias Koteas (ee-LY-uhs koh-TAY-uhs) is 60. Actor-director Peter Berg is 59. Singer Mary Gauthier (GOH-shay) is 59. Actor Jeffrey Nordling is 59. Actor Alex Kingston is 58. Actor Wallace Langham is 56. Former U.S. Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr., D-Ill., is 56. Actor John Barrowman is 54. Singer Lisa Loeb is 53. Neo-soul musician Al Gamble (St. Paul & the Broken Bones) is 52. Singer Pete Droge is 52. Actor Terrence Howard is 52. Rock musician Rami Jaffee is 52. Actor Johnny Knoxville is 50. Rock singer-musicians Benji and Joel Madden (Good Charlotte; The Madden Brothers) are 42. Actor David Anders is 40. Singer LeToya Luckett is 40. Actor Thora Birch is 39. TV personality Melissa Rycroft is 38. Actor Rob Brown is 37. Actor Jodie Comer is 28.

Read more here:

Today in History - Journal Review

5 Things To Do This Weekend In Louisville (3/5) – Louisville Eccentric Observer

Posted By on March 7, 2021

FRIDAY, March 5

#FeedTheWest at Black MarketBlack Market KYNo cover | 4-6 p.m.Change Today, Change Tomorrow is teaming up with Black Market KY for #FeedTheWest pop-up shares on the first Friday of every month. Free, fresh produce groceries at these first Friday pop-ups will be made available through May thanks to sponsors Green Bean Delivery and Louisville Public Media. If youd like to support Change Today, Change Tomorrow in this, or any of their initiatives, go to They are still looking for sponsors for the months after May.

Ladies Night Boudoir EditionBluegrass Selfie Experience$60 | 8-11 p.m.There are only so many places in your home to take your intimate selfies. If the bathroom or your bedroom is leaving you feeling uninspired, how about attending Bluegrass Selfie Experiences Ladies Night, where you can utilize the business flower wall, thrown room and more for a lingerie photoshoot. The Bluegrass Selfie Experience is Louisvilles entry into the world of Instagram museums. Think the Color Factory or 29Rooms. At this small event there are only 20 tickets available, so get em quick youll have three hours to take all the sexy pics you desire. There also will be wine and music. Look out for more of these opportunities on Bluegrass Selfie Experiences Facebook page.

The Besnard Lakes (Livestream)Online$13 | 7 p.m.In a normal year, atmospheric Indie band The Besnard Lakes would probably be traveling from Canada to perform at Headliners Music Hall in person. This is not a normal year. So, Headliners is hosting this virtual Besnard Lakes performance, which will be beamed in from Montreal.

Homecomings: Musical Journeys of Uncommon FolkOnline$20 | 7:30 p.m.Grammy-award-nominated singer-songwriter Sarah Jarosz will join the Louisville Orchestra as the guest artist in a performance of folk music. The concert will feature selections by Jarosz, Hungarian Bla Bartk who wrote six short piano pieces known as Romanian Folk Dances in 1915 during WWI and contemporary American composer Gabriela Lena Frank, whose works are inspired by Peru, by writer Jos Maria Arguedas and her mothers hometown. The performance will be live on Saturday, March 6 and then streamed on demand from March 19-May 2.

Noah Barker EnsembleJimmy Cant Dance$10 | 9 p.m.Can you say dream team? Pianist Noah Barker is leading this evening of genre- and decade-weaving improv jams at Jimmy Cant Dance, and hell be accompanied by some of Louisvilles most thrilling musical talent. Kiana Del from Kiana & The Sun Kings is singing; councilman and hip-hop artist Jecorey Arthur is manning percussion alongside Chris King, whos on the drum set; and multi-instrumentalist Patrick Denney is picking up the bass for the night. Theyll be bopping through late 60s jazz, 70s soul and 00s hip-hop. You havent had a night like this since last year. Get your tickets fast, because there are only 40 available. Masks and temperature checks will be required.

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5 Things To Do This Weekend In Louisville (3/5) - Louisville Eccentric Observer

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