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Holocaust survivor Sam Weinreb dies at 94 | TribLIVE.com – TribLIVE

Posted By on January 18, 2021

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Sam Weinreb, a Holocaust survivor who raised his family in McKeesport, passed away peacefully Friday at Hebrew Senior Life Rehabilitation Center in Roslindale, Mass. He was 94.

While he was only in his mid-teens, Weinreb somehow managed to live through some of the worst mental and physical abuse the Nazis were capable of dishing out.

Born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia in 1926, to parents David and Freida Weinreb, Sams immediate family was murdered during the Holocaust. Just before his 13th birthday he was returning home from a bar mitzvah lesson when he found the doors locked and his family gone.

Weinreb narrowly missed the round-up of the Jews in Bratislava during which 15,000 Jews were expelled or sent to concentration camps.

He ended up escaping to Hungary where he spent the next six months living outdoors on the streets of Budapest. Most days the only food he could find was in garbage cans behind restaurants.

Can you just imagine what it is like to be only 13-years-old and not having a home to go to, not knowing where you would sleep each night, not knowing where you would get your food each day, not being able to speak the language of the country you are in, and being in constant fear? Weinreb told the Holocaust Testimony Project.

Deciding he could no longer go on living in the streets, Weinreb turned himself in to the Hungarian police. He was sent to prison where he spent the next two years before the Germans entered Hungary.

Then he was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau where anyone who couldnt keep up with the brutal work load was shot or killed in the gas chambers.

When the war ended Weinreb reconnected with his childhood sweetheart, Gloria Goldie Berger, another Holocaust survivor. They married and moved to the United States settling in McKeesport where they raised a family.

Weinreb made his living as a watchmaker and jeweler. But he dedicated much of his life to speaking at schools, universities, religious organizations and other groups about the horrors he experienced living through the Holocaust. He enjoyed speaking to young students the most.

His story was compelling and graphic, but he told it in such a matter-of-fact way that every single eighth-grader was able to hold on to the content and message, said Scott Vensel a teacher at Dorseyville Middle School in Indiana Township. He was so gentle, calm, and endearing in terms of talking with the kids afterward.

In the end, he wanted the students to hear his story, and think about their future. He was a treasure to humanity, and felt it was his duty to share his experience with the next generation.

Lauren Bairnsfather, executive director of the Holocaust Center of Pittsburgh, said Weinreb learned the importance of forgiveness.

He said, If you hold on to anger, then you are harming yourself.

Those who knew him said he will be remembered for his deep devotion to his family and his love for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Steelers.

Weinreb is survived by his two children, Stewart and Linda, and his granddaughter, Hannah.

Memorial donations may be made to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 100 Raul Wallenberg Place, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024. (https://donate.ushmm.org)

Paul Guggenheimer is a Tribune-Review staff writer. You can contact Paul at 724-226-7706 or pguggenheimer@triblive.com.

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Holocaust survivor Sam Weinreb dies at 94 | TribLIVE.com - TribLIVE

The Holocaust Separated This Little Girl And Her Best Friend. Eighty Years Later, The Florida Holocaust Museum Reunited Them. – WMFE

Posted By on January 18, 2021

Ana Mara Wahrenberg and Betty Grebenschikoff were childhood friends separated by the Holocaust.80 years later, they reunited.

WMFE spoke with Betty and Florida Holocaust Museum Director Elizabeth Gelman about how the two women found each other again.

Read the full interview below.

Photo: Betty Grebenschikoff

Danielle: So Betty, tell me a little bit about this amazing reunion that youve had very recently with a woman named Ana Mara.

Betty: She was my very best girlfriend when I was six years old, up until I was nine. In Berlin, Germany. We did everything together. We played in each others homes, we went to a Jewish community school together, we had dancing lessons together, we were always together, we got in trouble together.

I mean, whatever it was, we did it together.

And I had an older sister, but she had her own friends.

And so we were, we were just best buddies all the time. And then things became very difficult for German Jews and other Jews as well. And there were all kinds of rules and regulations. And I realized now that the reason we played so often in each others homes, was because we could not go to playgrounds, or parks or swimming pools, or theaters anymore.

So, but we didnt know that because our parents were trying to shield us from all the terrible things that were going on with antisemitism in Germany at the time.

So eventually, when I was nine, and she also we were the same age, my father managed to get us tickets to get to Shanghai, China, to escape the terrorist acts that were going on in Germany. And Shanghai at the time was one of the few free ports where stateless Jews could go. And in that way, about 18,000 Jewish refugees managed to get to Shanghai and escape the Nazis.

So Ana Mara and I met in the schoolyard. Our parents brought us there, to say goodbye to each other, and we cried and we carried on and we didnt want to leave each other. And we promised each other to stay together to by writing to each other and always remembering each other. So we left and she stayed. And I never heard another word, nothing.

I thought she was dead. I mean, I had, I had no idea where she was.

I checked the databases in different places in the Holocaust Museum in Washington. Didnt find her. About two months ago, we got a phone call from the Shoah Foundation, the USC Shoah Foundation that they think they found somebody called Ana MaraWahrenberg, not Anne Marie, one word, but Ana Mara. And could that possibly be my friend?

And it turned out that she was. They had gone to Chile.

Danielle: Beth, can you tell me a little bit about just how you worked to help kind of connect Betty and Ana Mara after that initial, you know, you know, phone call or communication that hey, I think you know, we found Ana Mara. Can you just tell me a little bit of, you know, the work on your end to make this happen?

Beth:Well, what is really wonderful is that we have a marvelous partnership with the USC Shoah Foundation, so it wasnt strangers. We werent strangers talking to each other.

We all staff from both institutions, worked very hard to get this, to get some communication set up to make sure that we could continue talking to these two amazing women and we looped in the museum in Chile, the Museo Interactivo Judeo de Chile. I hope Im pronouncing that correctly, who have also become partners in this. And what is happening is that we are all going to be co-hosting a virtual event this spring, a program all about Betty and Ana Mara.

And we are working with the Chilean museum to come up with some sort of exhibition, whether that will be online or an actual tangible exhibition.

We are working very hard, collaboratively with all the institutions. I think this story really emphasizes how critical it is for Holocaust institutions to not only continue to take in and share testimony from Holocaust survivors, but work together because what comes out of these partnerships is incredibly rich.

And what is amazing in our world today is the technology that we have to be able to share these stories.

Danielle:And Betty, I want to give you the last word. What does it feel like to be reconnected with AnaMara and you know, do you ladies have plans to reunite in person after COVID is over and its safe to travel again?

Betty: Oh, absolutely.

Its, its the whole thing to me is like someone has given me a gift. Its, it makes my whole life perfect.

Ive had many ups and downs in my life and this is such an up, such a wonderful way to to round out my 90th decade and it is just absolutely amazing to me that this happened. And I could not be happier to meet my old time friend again.

I just, Im hoping Ana Mara and I speak on the phone quite a bit these days and on email and Im doing it in German because she doesnt speak English and I dont speak Spanish.

So Im learning, relearning my German all over again and shes helping me with that. And we are hoping to stay well enough and stay, stay on our feet so that we can meet hopefully in person somewhere in the fall. But I do want to give her a hug and she feels the same way.

Listen to the full interview by clicking on the clip at the top of the page.

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The Holocaust Separated This Little Girl And Her Best Friend. Eighty Years Later, The Florida Holocaust Museum Reunited Them. - WMFE

Here’s a course in anti-Zionist musicology – Slipped Disc

Posted By on January 18, 2021

Oxford University Press has a book out by Assaf Shelleg, Assistant Professor of Musicology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

The noun stain in the title Theological Stains: Art Music and the Zionist Project reveals the authors political slant.

The rest of the blurb is typical of present-day musicological propaganda. Read it and weep:

ABSTRACTTheological Stains traces the growth of art music in Israel from the mid-twentieth century to the turn of the twenty-first. In a riveting and provocative account, Assaf Shelleg explores the theological grammar of Zionism and its impact on the art music written by emigrant and native composers grappling with biblical redemptive promises and diasporic patrimonies. Unveiling the network that bred territorial nationalism and Hebrew culture, Shelleg shows how this mechanism infiltrated composers work as much as it triggered less desirable responses from composers who sought to realize to the nonterritorial diasporic options Zionism has renounced. In the process, compositional aesthetics was stained by the states nationalization of the theological, by diasporism that refused redemption, and by Jewish musical traditions that permeated inaudibly into compositions written throughout the second half of the twentieth century. Accompanying this rich and dramatic story are equivalent developments in modern Hebrew literature and poetry alongside vast and previously unstudied archival sources. The book is also lavishly illuminated with 135 music examples that render it an incisive guide to fundamental chapters in modern and late modern art music.

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Here's a course in anti-Zionist musicology - Slipped Disc

US-Zionist axis trying to disintegrate Islamic nations – Mehr News Agency – English Version

Posted By on January 18, 2021

The Iranian speaker made the remarks in a webinar entitled Gaza, Symbol of Resistance which was held on Monday with the participation of the parliamentary representatives of the countries supporting the Palestinian cause.

With the motto 'Al-Quds is Our Axis of Unity Together Against the Normalization of Relations with the Zionist Regime', we have gathered today to reaffirm our support to the first qibla of Muslims and the Holy Quds as part of the common religious identity of Muslims, Ghalibaf said.

Referring to the enemies efforts to target the unity of the Islamic Ummah through sanctions and arbitrary actions, as well as threats and bribery, Ghalibaf said that undoubtedly, in such a situation, the importance of the Palestinian issue gains a stronger momentum.

The Iranian parliament speaker emphasized that the continuous crimes of the terrorist Zionist regime against the oppressed people of Palestine, especially the Gaza Strip, will never be forgotten.

"As you know, the occupation of Palestine and the displacement of Palestinians living in this land is the worst tragedy that the deviant regime of Israel has created in the heart of the Islamic world after World War II," Ghalibaf noted.

"Despite the fact that 72 years have passed since this tragic event, more than four million Palestinians are still living in camps and in the worst living conditions; more than a thousand people are being held, imprisoned and tortured in Israeli prisons. Zionist settlements continue to develop, and Palestinian women and children are being killed every day, and Palestinian homes in the occupied territories are being destroyed every day under various pretexts.

He further said, "More than two million Palestinians have been under complete humanitarian siege in Gaza for the past 14 years.

Ghalibaf also deplored the international communitys silence toward such horrible crimes.

"Today, we are not only witnessing the lack of support by the international community to the oppressed people of Palestine, but unfortunately, we can see a few of the regional rulers contribute to the Zionist settlement projects by ignoring the rights of the Palestinians and establishing political, economic, trade and even military-security and investment ties with the Zionist entity.

He highlighted that it is the responsibility of all freedom seekers of the world to be the voice of Palestinians and support them.

Addressing the participants of the webinar, the Iranian Speaker said, "We believe that the parliaments are a clear image and language of the people and can use their capacity to support the oppressed Palestinian people and express these tragedies in parliamentary speeches."

This is the least that can be done for Palestine, he stressed.

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US-Zionist axis trying to disintegrate Islamic nations - Mehr News Agency - English Version

The Battle Over Jewish Students and the IHRA Definition of Antisemitism – Algemeiner

Posted By on January 18, 2021

J Street president Jeremy Ben-Ami addressing the 2019 J Street National Conference. Photo: J Street via Flickr.

On January 12, 2021, the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations published a letter to President-elect Joe Biden, imploring his incoming administration to maintain and build upon the precedent of honoring the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA)s working definition of antisemitism.

The IHRAs definition specifies classical tropes as antisemitic, such as accusations of dual loyalty; marking Jews as cheap or greedy; or insisting Jews control global institutions. It also notes that the demonization and delegitimization of Israel, such as suggesting the state has no right to exist, should be considered intolerant towards Jews.

The IHRAs definition of antisemitism is so overwhelmingly benign and agreed upon in mainstream Jewish circles that this letter would not have been cause for concern if not for the shameful behavior of a variety of Jewish organizations and their activists.

The controversy in question centers around Jewish college students, who are routinely harassed, bullied, and shunned by their peers and professors for the egregious offense of objecting to anti-Zionism. In their letter, the Conference of Presidents simply asked the incoming Biden administration to extend support for Jewish students facing discrimination in the classroom, citing the IHRAs clear roadmap for when anti-Zionism trespasses into antisemitic territory.

January 18, 2021 1:37 pm

As a 15-year-old I made my peace with the reality that I would not follow my cousin Hank Greenberg to...

But to The Progressive Israel Network, a hodgepodge of organizations including J Street and Truah, this was intolerable. These organizations insisted that the IHRA definition of antisemitism silences criticism of Israel on college campuses, and is therefore inappropriate.

That is false. The definition specifically states:Criticism of Israel similar to that leveled against any other country cannot be regarded as antisemitic.

When we discuss adopting IHRA on campus, we are not promoting a McCarthyist program that cracks down on anybody who speaks ill of Israel. We are promoting a resource for student organizations and faculty to help them understand that forcing a Jewish student to resign from student government because of her or his Zionism, or holding a BDS resolution vote in which pro-Israel students are called Nazis and racists, are acts of antisemitism.

We are talking about vilification and discrimination, not criticism. The objectors know this to be true. They are aware that Jewish students are not crying foul because a professor said that the occupation of the West Bank is immoral. So why mischaracterize the IHRA definition and condescend to Jewish students?

Sadly, this was just the latest development in the Jewish lefts campaign to frame antisemitism as only a right-wing issue. In this struggle, trivializing the experiences of Jewish students is essential. Despite a British Labour Party so embroiled in antisemitic incidents that, in one poll, 40 percent of British Jews said they would consider leaving the country should the party see 10 Downing Street, and despite acts of hatred in the United States motivated by both antisemitism and anti-Zionism, such as the stabbing of a rabbi in Monsey, New York (though the attacker appeared to have no political affiliation), or the defacing of an Israeli restaurant in Portland this week, the Jewish left is insistent that the antisemitism in their camp is only advocacy for Palestinian human rights.

This stems from a childish compulsion to deny that anything could be wrong with ones own political movement. The fact of the matter is that antisemitism exists everywhere, across the political spectrum, in every community, and in every country. To deny its existence somewhere in order to draw greater attention to it elsewhere makes all American Jews less safe.

Its important to note that nearly every American Jewish organization, including those who signed on to the letter, realizes that antisemitism comes from both the right and the left, and that every instance of antisemitism is connected. When a Jewish person feels threatened, regardless of if theyre on a college campus or under rocket fire in Tel Aviv or subject to an army of white nationalists on the Internet, their first thought is not to investigate the politics of the antisemite; their first thought is to recognize that they are experiencing hatred on account of their Judaism.

We have a new president now, and a new Congress. We must recognize that antisemitism is a parasite that infects any viable host and does not discriminate based on partisan ideology. To insist otherwise is to facilitate the ominous rise of this age-old hatred.

Blake Flayton is a senior at George Washington University, with bylines in the New York Times, Tablet Magazine, and Haaretz.

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The Battle Over Jewish Students and the IHRA Definition of Antisemitism - Algemeiner

Pompeo accused Iran to gain Zionists support in 2024 election – Mehr News Agency – English Version

Posted By on January 18, 2021

The allegations of US officials against Iran oversupport for al-Qaeda has done solely for the sake of pleasing the Zionist Regime, said Imran Khan, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, stressing that such accusations are baseless and unreliable.

These actions are aimed at attracting the Zionist regimes approval and satisfaction, and no one in the world believes this, he told Bol News.

The deadline of the current US government and Pompeo has been expired, but these statements and actions are dangerous, he also said, adding that perhaps such claims by Pompeo are in line with his candidacy for the 2024 US elections, through which he aims to gain the support of the Zionist lobby.

Zionist Regime has always sought to weaken Iran and put pressure on it, while no country like Iran is at the forefront of resistance and self-reliance, he said.All terrorists of 11 September were Mike Pompeo's favorites states in the Middle East, Not Iran, Imran Khan added.

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Pompeo accused Iran to gain Zionists support in 2024 election - Mehr News Agency - English Version

Trump’s parting gift to Israel – Middle East Monitor

Posted By on January 18, 2021

Donald Trump has used his four years as US president to demonstrate his deep commitment to the Zionist state of Israel. He has striven to enable Israel to take control of occupied Palestine with an iron grip, and given it the upper hand in the region. No other US president has given Israel as much as Trump: none dared to recognise Jerusalem as the unified capital of the colonial state; none dared to move the US Embassy to the holy city; none dared to acknowledge Israel's annexation of the occupied Syrian Golan Heights; none dared to give legitimacy to Israel's settlements on occupied land; and none dared to accept Israeli annexation, including Benjamin Netanyahu's plans to impose sovereignty on the occupied Jordan Valley. For good measure Trump also stopped US donations to the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) in an effort to annul the whole refugee issue.

Trump's most recent gift to the Israelis was the so-called Abraham Accords. Under his patronage, the UAE, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco normalised relations with Israel last year.

His parting gift to the occupation state, however, is the integration of the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) alongside Arab troops within US Central Command (CENCOM), which has a base at Al-Udeid Air Base in Qatar. This is something Israel has been waiting and hoping for. From this we can deduce that Gulf reconciliation between Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain on one side, and Qatar on the other, was achieved on direct orders from the Trump White House.

American Jewish organisations have been pressing Washington to include the IDF in CENTCOM in order to link Israeli national security to America's, but previous administrations have always refused this, given the sensitivity between the Arab countries and the occupation state. The latest decision seems a bit academic, however, given that the IDF has had a strong presence at the heart of US military decision-making for a number of years, and the fact that America's wars in the Middle East, especially in Iraq, have been fought in defence of the occupation state and to maintain its hegemony.

This was actually confirmed after the second Gulf War, when General Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the US Central Command between 1988 and 1991, proudly told Israeli leaders that he had destroyed the Iraqi army on their behalf in Operation Desert Storm.

READ: No need for new proposals, says former US envoy to Mid-East peace process

The Jewish Institute for National Security of America (JINSA), the members of which include former US and Israeli military leaders, has finally succeeded in pressuring Trump to make this dangerous decision. It will allow the occupation state to officially and effectively participate under the umbrella of CENTCOM in any military operation alongside Arab forces.

Before this move, Israel was within the scope of the US leadership in Europe but not the Middle East, to avoid any problems about coordination between Israel and Arab troops. With the exception of Egypt and Jordan, no Arab countries had peace treaties with Israel. That has all changed.

The Trump administration has thus put the other Arab countries on the spot as they are facing a fait accompli of having to coordinate military activities with Israel. This affects Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in particular, as they already coordinate militarily with the US forces based in their countries which are subject to the authority of CENCOM. Qatar too, of course, which hosts the command structure, under General Frank Mackenzie. With Israel now also under CENCOM, Arab countries will be under more pressure to accept normalisation after the occupation state has basically become a protector of them and their regimes.

The US Central Command is the most powerful military force in the Middle East. It was established in 1983 to enhance American capabilities in confronting the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and in light of the escalation of the Iran-Iraq war. This imposed US domination over the Middle East. Having achieved its target in that respect, the new target became Islam.

Under the banner of the so-called "war on terror", sparking a low level third world war, CENTCOM became responsible for managing it, with operations in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and the Gulf. It has specific strategic goals set by the Pentagon, as it supervises coordination with the countries that "host" not that they have much choice US forces operating from military bases in the Gulf. Strategies drawn up include all Arab armies in the Middle East, as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan, in addition to the security mission against Iran. Adding Israel to these forces makes it an active element in US military operations in the Middle East.

This necessarily means coordination, planning and military cooperation between the occupation army and the Arab armies; they are now arms of the same body, as we will see in any war in the region, with Iran for example; or another crisis in Gaza against which war will be waged under the pretext of fighting "terrorism". What will the Arab position be in such scenarios if their forces are allied with Israel? Who will they stand with?

This "Arab-Israeli NATO" is supported by the US and I predicted that it would happen in the wake of the Abraham Accords, because political, economic and cultural normalisation falls short unless it is crowned with military normalisation. The latter is the whole point of these normalisation deals, which were pushed through solely to serve the interests of the Zionist entity.

READ: Trump orders US Central Command to include Israel for more effective anti-Iran efforts

Arab issues are now surrounded completely by America, all within the broader project known as the deal of the century. General Frank MacKenzie can go anywhere in the region without being controlled or monitored, and can collect intelligence about any and all Arab countries. Of course, this will be shared with Israel, which will expose Arab security even more in the next phase of the colonial re-conquest of the Middle East. Indeed, what we call Arab national security may disappear from the political lexicon, becoming "Israel-Arab national security" instead.

"The easing of tensions between Israel and its Arab neighbours subsequent to the Abraham Accords has provided a strategic opportunity for the United States to align key partners against shared threats in the Middle East," said the Pentagon. According to JINSA, placing Israel within CENCOM was delayed due to the hostility of the Arab countries towards the state. "But the agreements opened the doors to achieve a strategic goal that was not possible [before]."

Indeed, this military normalisation would not have happened had it not been for the deals struck last year which dealt a blow to the notion of Arab unity; there will be catastrophic consequences. Nevertheless, the ordinary people are optimistic that they will be able to overcome this latest disaster that the dictatorial regimes have created. The regimes may be Zionist, but their people are not.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.

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Trump's parting gift to Israel - Middle East Monitor

This week in history: January 18-24 – WSWS

Posted By on January 18, 2021

25 years ago: Arafat wins Palestinian vote

On January 20, 1996, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat and his al-Fatah party won the election held among residents of the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem. The electoral triumph confirmed Arafats role as the chief enforcer of Israeli dictates in the territories occupied by Israel since the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. Arafat won 88 percent of the vote for president of the Palestinian Council while his nominees took more than half the seats on the legislative body.

Turnout was heavy except in areas, mainly East Jerusalem and Hebron, where Israeli security measures kept Arab voters away from the polls. Most Arab residents of East Jerusalem, which the state of Israel had formally annexed, were required to travel to polling stations in the West Bank if they wished to vote. In Hebron, Israeli troops and heavily armed Zionist settlers blocked access to the polls through road blockades. The fundamentalist Hamas group, which opposed the Israeli-PLO accord under which the Palestinian Authority was established, called for a boycott but made no attempt to disrupt the vote.

The Israeli government did its best to boost Arafats fortunes at the polls, releasing 800 Palestinian prisoners on the eve of the vote and staging a well-publicized eviction of 100 Zionist settlers who had illegally occupied an apartment complex near Hebron. The imperialist powers gave their seal of approval, with a team of nearly 1,000 international observers headed by former US President Jimmy Carter and former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

Despite this support and Arafats extensive use of executive power to dictate candidate lists for Fatah, limit campaigning and media access by opponents, and set the election rules, there was opposition to the Israeli-PLO accord expressed in the vote. At least a dozen candidates struck from the Fatah list by Arafat were elected anyway, as independents. The highest vote total among any of the candidates for the legislative counsel went to Haidar Abdel Shafi of Gaza, former head of the PLO negotiating team who opposed the Washington accord.

The elected legislative council had no powers over foreign policy, external security or the ongoing negotiations with Israel, which remained under control of Arafat and the Palestinian National Council, the chief legislative body of the PLO. The PLO leader hailed the result of the vote as another step towards a Palestinian state.

During the week of January 18, 1971, negotiations were held between representatives of the major Western oil companies and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) over export taxes on crude oil.

Present in the negotiations on the side of the oil companies were both company executives and government officials from the United States, Britain, France, the Netherlands, West Germany, Japan, Italy, and Sweden. Member nations of OPEC present included Iran, Iraq, Libya, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. OPEC, formed in 1960, controlled more than half of the global oil supply. While at the time the United States only consumed about 3 percent of its oil from the Middle East, the European countries and Japan were thoroughly dependent on supplies from OPEC. American oil companies nonetheless were, as a group, the dominant player in the global industry.

The main issue under discussion was the price that OPEC would set on oil taxes per barrel exported by the oil foreign oil companies. In recent years demand for oil had risen dramatically, attributable to increased global industrialization as well as the ongoing stalemate war between Israel and Egypt that prevented the shipment of oil though the Suez Canal.

Throughout the week negotiations continually broke down. The OPEC countries were demanding a significant price increase. In an attempt to move the situation forward, US President Richard Nixon sent Under Secretary of State John N. Irwin to visit Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait and convince them to help put forward a settlement.

OPEC threatened an embargo, with some of the more militant member states even warning of the nationalization of their oil wells, cutting the foreign companies out of direct production completely. It was only after these threats that the oil firms largely acceded to OPEC demands. The resulting agreement stipulated a 55 per cent tax on the net income of the oil companies and an immediate increase of 35 cents per barrel of oil exported from OPEC member states.

On January 21, 1946, more than 750,000 steelworkers walked off the job over wages, in one of the largest strikes to that point in American history. The stoppage was the first nationwide steel strike since the strike of 1919, amid the mass labor unrest following the end of World War I and the Russian Revolution.

The 1946 steel strike was part of a wave of industrial unrest that involved up to 25 percent of unionized workers in the space of 12 months. In the steel industry, and other sections of manufacturing, the major corporations reacted to the end of war production contracts by slashing overtime. This effectively amounted to a wage cut, after the trade unions had enforced an effective (inflation-adjusted) pay freeze through most of World War II.

Fearing the emergence of a broader movement, President Harry Truman personally oversaw negotiations at the White House over the steel dispute. At a meeting in early January, Ben Fairless, president of United States Steel, declared that the industry barons would accept no more than a 15 cent an hour wage rise. Philip Murray, president of the United Steelworkers of America union, demanded 19.5 cents. Truman sought to broker a compromise at 18.5.

The strike was called when the owners rejected compromise. The Socialist Workers Party, then the American Trotskyist organization, published an article January 21 that argued: Today at one minute past midnight the battle was joined in the most titanic and crucial labor struggle in American history. Eight hundred thousand CIO steel workersthe flesh and bones and blood of Americas basic industrythrew down the gauntlet before the steel corporations, the most voracious and ruthless monopoly in the world.

The SWP noted that with the steel walkout, Today no less than l,700,000 workers are on strike at one time. The concurrent stoppages, which involved some 220,000 GM autoworkers, 200,000 electrical and radio workers, 275,000 meatpacking workers, as well as other sections, were directed against the attempts of the ruling elite to return wages and conditions to those that had existed in the 1930s.

The union leaders, including in the steel industry, sought to keep the disputes separate from one another and to strike different wage agreements with each section of industry. This was aimed at preventing the development of a general strike and a mass political movement of the working class directed against the Truman administration and capitalism.

On January 21, 1921, the Communist Party of Italy (PCI) was founded in Livorno, Tuscany, when left-wing delegates walked out of a Socialist Party congress.

The Italian Socialist Party had affiliated with the Communist International in 1919 but retained a substantial national-reformist faction. During the events of September 1920, when Italian workers seized the factories in the north of the country and the development of a revolutionary situation was imminent, leaders of the Socialist Party (which was represented in parliament), especially Filippo Turati, negotiated a criminal deal with the government of Giovanni Giolitti to disarm the workers and return the factories to the capitalists.

It was necessary for genuine revolutionaries to separate themselves from these elements, as the Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI) noted in a letter to the members of the party in November 1920: We appeal to all members of the Italian Socialist Party and trade unions ... our ranks must be cleansed of the ulcer of reformism. This must be done as quickly as possible, and at whatever cost. With the leaders, if they want to; without the leaders if they hesitate and hold back; against the leaders if they interfere with our carrying out this work.

The ECCI urged the revolutionaries in the party to expel the opportunists, and at the 17th Congress of the Socialist Party in Livorno, a motion was put forward to do so. The opportunists, however, were able to assemble a majority and voted down the resolution. The Communists in the party, including Antonio Gramsci and his group organized around the newspaper LOrdino Nuovo (The New Order), then assembled in their own congress to form the Communist Party.

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This week in history: January 18-24 - WSWS

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Was A Zionist – The Jewish Press – JewishPress.com

Posted By on January 18, 2021

{Originally posted to the authors blogsite, The Lid}

When People Criticize Zionists They Mean Jews, You Are Talking Anti-Semitism,

Truer words were never said, and they were said by the great civil rights leader, Martin Luther King Jr. However they werent said in a letter as long believed.

Martin Luther King Jr. whose life and dream we celebrate today was a great leader for civil rights. Unlike todays Civil Rights leaders who seek divisiveness and handouts, Dr. King dream was a post racial society where people where judged by the content of their character instead of the color of their skin.

Also unlike most Civil Rights leaders today Dr. King was a supporter of Israel and the Jewish people. In recognition of MLK day many Jewish will post a letter supposedly penned by Martin Luther King called Letter to a Zionist Friend, but the story of the letter is a hoax.The most famous line from the letter When people criticize Zionists, they mean Jews. You are talking anti-Semitism, was uttered by Dr King, just not in any letter. Over the next day or two you will read various posts containing the letter most of the text does not contain the words of the great Civil Rights Leader. The good news however, is it does contain his sentiments.

Over a decade ago CAMERA tried to verify the letter but couldnt find a source document for it anywhere.

We were initially doubtful of the authenticity of the Letter to an anti-Zionist Friend because the language in the first paragraph seemed almost a parody of language used in Dr. Kings I have a dream speech. Additionally, we could find no reference to the letter prior to 1999, which was odd because the text is such a dramatic denunciation of anti-Zionism one that would have been cited widely.

However, we then found the letter in a reputable 1999 book (Shared Dreams, by Rabbi Marc Shneier) whose preface was written by Martin Luther King III. Since the King family is known to be extremely careful with Dr. Kings legacy, we assumed they must have verified the accuracy of the book before endorsing it.

Additionally, we found that quotations from the letter were used on July 31, 2001, by the Anti-Defamation Leagues Michael Salberg in testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives International Relations Committees Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights. The same source (Saturday Review, August 1967) for the letter that was mentioned in the Schneier book was also cited in the testimony. Since many in the Anti-Defamation League had actually worked with Martin Luther King, Jr in the civil rights struggle, we assumed again they would be very knowledgeable about Kings work and would have thoroughly checked anything they chose to read before Congress.

However, because we do not ordinarily rely on anyone elses research, we decided to double-check, by searching back issues of Saturday Review (Rabbi Shneiers book had referenced the letter as being published in the August 1967 Saturday Review). Lo and behold, there is no such letter in any of the August issues, nor do the page and volume numbers cited conform to those actually used by that publication. CAMERA also checked with Boston University, where Dr. Kings work is archived. The archivists too were unable to locate any such letter. We can only conclude that no such letter was written by Dr. King.

(Please note we are not implying that the apparently bogus letter originated with Rabbi Schneier.)

However in the same year (2002) Rep John Lewis who worked with Dr. King (but in recent years has become something of a racer-er) wrote an op-ed confirming that the famous quote used in the fake letter came from a speech made by Dr. King,

.During the recent U.N. Conference on Racism held in Durban, South Africa, we were all shocked by the attacks on Jews, Israel and Zionism. The United States of America stood up against these vicious attacks.

Once again, the words of King ran through my memory, I solemnly pledge to do my utmost to uphold the fair name of the Jews because bigotry in any form is an affront to us all.

During an appearance at Harvard University shortly before his death, a student stood up and asked King to address himself to the issue of Zionism. The question was clearly hostile. King responded, When people criticize Zionists they mean Jews, you are talking anti-Semitism.

As it turns out Rep. Lewis was wrong also. King uttered those words at a dinner which took place at the Cambridge home of MartinPeretz, then a professor at Harvard. As reported by Martin Kramer:

Kings words were first reported by Seymour Martin Lipset, at that time the George D. Markham Professor of Government and Sociology at Harvard, in an article he published in the magazine Encounter in December 1969that is, in the year following Kings assassination. Lipset:

Shortly before he was assassinated, Martin Luther King, Jr. was in Boston on a fund-raising mission, and I had the good fortune to attend a dinner which was given for him in Cambridge. This was an experience which was at once fascinating and moving: one witnessed Dr. King in action in a way one never got to see in public. He wanted to find what the Negro students at Harvard and other parts of the Boston area were thinking about various issues, and he very subtly cross-examined them for well over an hour and a half. He asked questions, and said very little himself. One of the young men present happened to make some remark against the Zionists. Dr. King snapped at him and said, Dont talk like that! When people criticize Zionists, they mean Jews. Youre talking anti-Semitism!

The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a great man who believed that everyone should be able to live in peace and freedom, no matter how they worshiped God, or the pigment of their skin. He was a fighter for civil rights, and he was a fighter for the Jews.

Dr. Kingfought for the release of Jews in the Soviet Union. He was an early supporter of Israel, who knew how to cut through the phony anti-Zionist memes of many anti-Semites. Many civil rights leaders, heck many political leaders today would serve themselves well to better understand the words of this man of peace.

Read the rest here:
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Was A Zionist - The Jewish Press - JewishPress.com

Report: New bleak forecast says Israel could see large new COVID wave in March – The Times of Israel

Posted By on January 18, 2021

Israeli hospital: 98% of staff who got 2nd shot have high-level COVID antibodies

A new serological study conducted at Sheba Medical Center in Ramat Gan has shown 98% of hospital workers who received the second dose of the coronavirus vaccine have developed a high level of antibodies to fight off the virus.

The study of 102 samples, taken a week after Israel began administering the second dose when the vaccine is expected to reach peak effectiveness showed most vaccinees had higher antibody counts than among those who have recovered from COVID-19.

The hospital says that a week after receiving the final dose, antibodies jumped to a level between 6 and 20 times higher than that observed after the first shot.

Hundreds more samples are set to be examined.

Two employees developed only low levels of antibodies, the tests showed one of them known to have a weakened immune system.

Dr. Gili Regev-Yochay, director of the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit at Sheba, says that the initial results indicate the vaccinees are unlikely to be carriers or infectious a matter that scientists have hitherto not determined as antibody levels are high enough to suppress any virus particles.

Sheba Medical staff members receive the second round of the Covid-19 vaccine, at the Sheba Medical Center outside of Tel Aviv, on January 10, 2021 (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

This means the vaccine works wonderfully, Regev-Yochay says. The results are in agreement with Pfizers trials and go even beyond the expected [results]. I expect the tests of the rest of the employees participating to be similar.

She adds: There is definitely cause for optimism.

See the original post here:
Report: New bleak forecast says Israel could see large new COVID wave in March - The Times of Israel


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