Zionist | Define Zionist at Dictionary.com

Posted By on November 4, 2015

Contemporary Examples

The more hawkish zionist Organization of America declared the condemnation downright shocking.

Finally, as a zionist, this deification of trauma appalls me.

In fact, many “delegitimizers” explicitly refrain from supporting a partial boycott lest they be seen as zionist sympathizers.

Bennett is very popular, and many among the right and religious zionist community see him as a savior-type figure.

The internal zionist arguments are thus over what we mean, by new.

Historical Examples

In this sense Herzl could say later that the Dreyfus affair had made him a zionist.

The zionist regards it as contemptible to conceal his nationality.

His speech revealed the great transformation that had taken place in Herzl’s organic relation to the zionist movement.

The bibliography and the chronology were prepared by the zionist Archives and Library.

Remarked that he “might become a zionist if it could be accomplished in Zion.”

British Dictionary definitions for zionist Expand

a political movement for the establishment and support of a national homeland for Jews in Palestine, now concerned chiefly with the development of the modern state of Israel

a policy or movement for Jews to return to Palestine from the Diaspora

Derived Forms

Zionist, noun, adjectiveZionistic, adjective

Word Origin and History for zionist Expand

“movement for forming (later supporting) a Jewish national state in Palestine,” 1896, from German Zionismus (from Zion + Latin-derived suffix -ismus; see -ism); first recorded 1886 in “Selbstemancipation,” by “Matthias Acher” (pseudonym of Nathan Birnbaum).

zionist in Culture Expand

The belief that Jews should have their own nation; Jewish nationalism. Zionism gained much support among Jews and others in the early twentieth century, and the hoped-for nation was established in the late 1940s in Palestine, as the state of Israel. Zionism is opposed by most Arabs. (See Arab-Israeli conflict.)

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Zionist | Define Zionist at Dictionary.com

Anti-Defamation League | No Place for Hate | Houston

Posted By on November 4, 2015

The No Place for Hate initiative provides educators and students with the resources to ensure that anti-bias and diversity education are an integral part of the school curriculum. No Place for Hate also helps to create and sustain inclusive school environments where all students feel valued and have the opportunity to succeed by promoting respect for individual difference while challenging bigotry and prejudice. Launched in schools in 2001, the popular initiative has been embraced by hundreds of campuses throughout the Southwest region, including many in the Houston, San Antonio/Central Texas and El Paso areas. ADL is grateful to the H-E-B Tournament of Champions for the generous underwriting of the No Place for Hate initiative.

ADL also is grateful to all the participating No Place for Hate campuses and congratulates them for achieving the designation in the 2014-2015 school year. See list of schools.

Becoming a No Place for Hate campus is easily achieved by followingstep-by-step instructions.

ResourcesADL has many resourcesdesigned to help you achieve your No Place for Hate designation. For some helpful links, see below.

ADL Education & OutreachWebsiteSample No Place for Hate ProjectsCurrent Events ClassroomAnti-Bias WorkshopsMulti-CulturalBibliographyCurriculum Connections Free Online Diversity & Anti-Bias CurriculumAnti-Bullying ResourcesEchoes and ReflectionsBook of the MonthPyramid of Hate

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Anti-Defamation League | No Place for Hate | Houston

Hamas to kids: Shoot all the Jews – YouTube

Posted By on November 4, 2015

Bulletin: http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=… Video: http://palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=472&… Al-Aqsa TV (Hamas) program Tomorrow’s Pioneers on neighbors’ rights. Phone conversation between Nahul the bee and Qais, a boy from Jenin (West Bank).

Nahul the bee, (adult in a giant bee costume): “Listen my friend. Are there Jews where you are?” Boy (Qais): “No. Not at the moment.” Nahul: “I heard they come to you every day.” Boy: “Yes, but not now.” Nahul: “Listen, friend; do like this with your hands [makes fists], and when they come to you, punch them; make their face red like a tomato.” Boy: “Allah willing, so that we can liberate Palestine.” Nahul: “Allah willing.” …

[Nahul talks to TV host, young girl named Rawan] Nahul: “My friend Qais – anyway, Rawan, I tell him to take a stone, and when the Jews come, to take it and throw it at them.” Child host (Rawan): “Of course, the Jewish neighbors.” Nahul: “To smash them.” Child host: “If his neighbors are Jews or Zionists? Yes.” …

[Child host Rawan talks to Tulin, a girl in the studio.] Child host Rawan: “Tulin, why do you want to be a police officer? Like who?” Girl Tulin: “Like my uncle.” Child host: “Which uncle?” Girl: “Ahmed.” Child host: “Is he a policeman?” [Girl nods] Child host: “OK, so what does a policeman do?” Nahul (adult in giant bee costume): “He catches thieves, and people who make trouble.” Child host: “And shoots Jews. Right?” Girl: “Yes.” Child host: “You want to be like him?” [Girl nods] Child host: “Allah willing, when you grow up.” Girl: “So that I can shoot Jews.” [Nahul the bee cheers] Child host: “All of them? All of them?” Girl: “Yes.” Child host: “Good.” [Al-Aqsa TV (Hamas), May 2, 2014]

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Hamas to kids: Shoot all the Jews – YouTube

2014 IsraelGaza conflict – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Posted By on November 4, 2015

Operation Protective Edge 2014 Part of the GazaIsrael conflict (left) A home in Gaza bombed by Israel (right) Iron Dome missile defense system in operation Date 8 July 26 August 2014 (49 days) Location Gaza Strip Israel Result

Victory claimed by both sides[9]

Gazan militant groups

Al-Qassam Brigades: 20,000[14]40,000[15]

Gaza Health Ministry: 2,203 killed [a][21][22] 10,626 wounded[21] UN HRC: 2,251 killed (referenced information from GHM)[b][23] ITIC: 1,552 killed [c][24] Israel MFA: 2,125 killed (interim findings)[d][25]

a 70% civilians[22] b 65% civilians[23] c 31% civilians, 30% combatants, 39% unidentified [24]

The 2014 IsraelGaza conflict, also known as Operation Protective Edge (Hebrew: , Miv’tza Tzuk Eitan, lit. “Operation Strong Cliff”)[note 1] was a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.[note 2] Thereafter, following the IDF Operation Brother’s Keeper, Hamas started rocket attacks, targeting Israeli cities and infrastructure, resulting in seven weeks of Israeli operations. The Israeli strikes, the Palestinian rocket attacks and the ground fighting resulted in the death of thousands of people, the vast majority of them Gazans.[18][31]

The stated aim of the Israeli operation was to stop rocket fire from Gaza into Israel, which increased after an Israeli crackdown on Hamas in the West Bank was launched following the 12 June kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers by two Hamas members.[32][33][34] Conversely, Hamas’s goal was to bring international pressure to bear to lift Israel’s blockade of the Gaza Strip, end Israel’s offensive, obtain a third party to monitor and guarantee compliance with a ceasefire,[35] release Palestinian prisoners and overcome its political isolation.[36] Some claim Israel was the first, on 13 June, to break the ceasefire agreement with Hamas that had been in place since November 2012.[37] However, Israel argues its air raids on Gaza are responses to rocket fire from the Gaza Strip.[38]

On 7 July, after seven Hamas militants died in a tunnel explosion in Khan Yunis which was caused by an Israeli airstrike (per Hamas, Nathan Thrall, BBC and a senior IDF official[39]) or an accidental explosion of their own munitions (per the IDF), Hamas assumed responsibility for rockets fired into Israel and launched 40 rockets towards Israel.[40][41]

The operation officially began the following day, and on 17 July, the operation was expanded to an Israeli ground invasion of Gaza with the stated aim of destroying Gaza’s tunnel system;[42] Israeli ground forces withdrew on 5 August.[43] On 26 August, an open-ended ceasefire was announced.[44] By that date, the IDF reported that Hamas, Islamic Jihad and other militant groups had fired 4,564 rockets and mortars from Gaza into Israel, with over 735 intercepted in flight and shot down by Iron Dome. Most Gazan mortar and rocket fire hit open land, more than 280 fell on areas in Gaza,[45] and 224 struck residential areas.[46][47] Militant rocketry also killed 13 Gazan civilians, 11 of them children.[48][49] The IDF attacked 5,263 targets in Gaza; at least 34 known tunnels were destroyed[46] and two-thirds of Hamas’s 10,000-rocket arsenal was used up or destroyed.[50][51]

Between 2,142[52] and 2,310[21] Gazans were killed and between 10,626[21] and 10,895[53] were wounded (including 3,374 children, of whom over 1,000 were left permanently disabled[54]). 66 Israeli soldiers, 5 Israeli civilians (including one child)[55] and one Thai civilian were killed[18] and 469 IDF soldiers and 261 Israeli civilians were injured.[20] The Gaza Health Ministry, UN and some human rights groups reported that 6975% of the Palestinian casualties were civilians;[18][22][53] Israeli officials estimated that around 50% of those killed were civilians.[56][57] On 5 August, OCHA stated that 520,000 Palestinians in the Gaza Strip (approximately 30% of its population) might have been displaced, of whom 485,000 needed emergency food assistance[58] and 273,000 were taking shelter in 90 UN-run schools.[59] The UN calculated that more than 7,000 homes for 10,000 families were razed, together with an additional 89,000 homes damaged, of which roughly 10,000 were severely affected by the bombing.[60] Rebuilding costs were calculated to run from 4-6 billions dollars, over 20 years.[61] In Israel, an estimated 5,000[62] to 8,000[63] citizens temporarily fled their homes due to the threat of rocketry from Gaza.[62] The economic cost of the operation is estimated at NIS 8.5 billion (approximately 2.5 billion USD) and GDP loss of 0.4%.[64] At the conclusion of hostilities 3,000-3,700 claims for damages had been submitted by Israelis, and $41 million paid out for property damage and missed work days.[46] Reconstruction costs were estimated at approximately $11 million.[65]

In 2005, then Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon unilaterally withdrew Israeli forces and settlements from the Gaza Strip.[66] Nonetheless, the ICRC,[67] the UN[68] and various human rights organizations[69][70][71] consider Israel to still be the de facto occupying power due to its control of Gaza’s borders, air space and territorial waters.[72][73]

The following year, Hamas won a majority of seats in the Palestinian legislative elections. The outcome disconcerted Israel, the United States and the Quartet, and they demanded Hamas accept all previous agreements, recognize Israel’s right to exist, and renounce violence; when Hamas refused,[74] they cut off aid to the Palestinian Authority. In mid-2006 an Israeli soldier was captured by Hamas in a cross-border raid. The United States, in response to Fatah moves in October 2006 to form a unity government with Hamas, tried to undo the elections by arming Fatah to overthrow Hamas in Gaza.[75] Hamas preempted the coup and took complete power by force.[76][77][78][79][80]

Israel then defined Gaza as a “hostile territory” forming no part of a sovereign state and put Gaza under a comprehensive economic and political blockade,[81] which also denied access to a third of its arable land and 85% of its fishing areas. It has led to considerable economic damage and humanitarian problems in Gaza.[82][83][84][85] The overwhelming consensus of international institutions is that the blockade is a form of collective punishment and illegal.[86][87][88][89][90] Israel maintains that the blockade is legal and necessary to limit Palestinian rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip on its cities and to prevent Hamas from obtaining other weapons.[91][92][93][94][95] Israel carried out Operation Cast Lead in December 2008 with the stated aim of stopping rocket attacks from Hamas militants.[96] It led to a decrease in Palestinian rocket attacks.[97] The UN Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict concluded that the operation was “a deliberately disproportionate attack designed to punish, humiliate and terrorize a civilian population, radically diminish its local economic capacity both to work and to provide for itself, and to force upon it an ever increasing sense of dependency and vulnerability”.[98] The Israeli government’s analysis concludes that the report perverts international law to serve a political agenda and sends a “legally unfounded message to states everywhere confronting terrorism that international law has no effective response to offer them”.[99]

Influenced in the Arab Spring and by demonstrations in Ramallah and Gaza, the gap between Hamas and Fatah was bridged in 2011. After the Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas declared his willingness to travel to Gaza and sign an agreement, the IDF killed two Hamas activists in Gaza; the IDF stated the killings were in response to the launching of a single Qassam rocket, which hit no one, but Yedioth Ahronoth’s Alex Fishman argued they were a “premeditated escalation” by Israel.[100][bettersourceneeded] In an interview with CNN, Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared that the reconciliation talks were calls for Israel’s destruction, and strongly opposed the idea of a unity government.[101]

On 14 November 2012, Israel launched Operation Pillar of Defence in the Gaza Strip. The operation was preceded by a period with a number of mutual IsraeliPalestinian responsive attacks.[102] According to the Israeli government, the operation began in response to the launch of over 100 rockets at Israel during a 24-hour period,[103] an attack by Gaza militants on an Israeli military patrol jeep within Israeli borders,[104] and an explosion caused by IEDs, which occurred near Israeli soldiers, on the Israeli side of a tunnel passing under the Israeli West Bank barrier.[105][106] The Israeli government stated that the aims of the military operation were to halt rocket attacks against civilian targets originating from the Gaza Strip[107] and to disrupt the capabilities of militant organizations.[108] The Palestinians blamed the Israeli government for the upsurge in violence, accusing the IDF of attacks on Gazan civilians in the days leading up to the operation.[109] They cited the blockade of the Gaza Strip and the occupation of West Bank, including East Jerusalem, as the reason for rocket attacks.[110] A week later, on 21 November, Egypt brokered a ceasefire to the conflict which contained the following agreements:[111][112]

Both Israel and Hamas argue that the other violated the 2012 ceasefire agreement, resulting in 1 Israeli and 8 Gazan deaths and 5 Israeli and 66 Gazan injuries. According to the Israeli Security Agency (Shabak) there was a sharp decrease in attacks from Gaza in 2013.[113] Nevertheless, 63 rockets (average 5 per month) were launched in 36 rocket attacks in addition to various mortar attacks, all prohibited by the November 2012 ceasefire. The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)[114] reported monthly Israeli attacks involving drones, missiles, small arms fire and airstrikes. Six of the deaths in Gaza occurred in the border area’s Access Restricted Areas (ARAs, non-demarcated zones within Gazan territory unilaterally defined by Israel as being of restricted access), despite the ceasefire’s prohibition on Israeli attacks on these areas.[32][114] OCHAO, more broadly sourced data, reported 11 deaths in Gaza and 81 injuries for 2013.[115]

In the first three months after the IDF Operation Pillar of Defense, according to Ben White, two mortar shells struck Israeli territory, while four Gazans were shot dead and 91 were wounded by Israeli forces who fired inside Gazan territory on 63 occasions, made 13 incursions into the Strip, and attacked the Gazan fishing fleet 30 times.[116] Israeli attacks on Gaza steadily increased during the second half of 2013, notwithstanding the decrease in attacks from Gaza.[117][not in citation given]

From December 2012 to late June/early July 2014, Hamas did not fire rockets into Israel, and tried to police other groups doing so.[118] These efforts were largely successful; Netanyahu stated in March 2014 that the rocket fire in the past year was the “lowest in a decade.”[32][118][119] According to Shabak, in the first half of 2014 there were 181 rocket attacks[120] compared to 55 rocket attacks in whole 2013.[113]

As occasional rocket fire continued, the blockade of Gaza continued in direct violation of the ceasefire agreement.[121] “Crossings were repeatedly shut and buffer zones were reinstated. Imports declined, exports were blocked, and fewer Gazans were given exit permits to Israel and the West Bank.”[32]

Israel halted construction material going to Gaza after it stated that it had discovered a tunnel leading into Israel, some 300m from a kibbutz. The IDF said it was the third tunnel discovered that year and that the previous two were packed with explosives.[122]

According to the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there were 85 rocket attacks in the first five months of 2014.[123] Most of the 85 rockets were fired in March, after the IDF killed 3 members of Islamic Jihad. The members of the PIJ say they were firing rockets in response to an incursion by Israeli tanks and bulldozers into Gazan territory east of the Khan Yunis area.[124][125][126] The IDF said they were conducting routine military patrols near the Gaza border when they came under fire, and thus responded with airstrikes.[127][128]

Leading up to the collapse of the 201314 IsraeliPalestinian peace talks, in the face of Netanyahu’s perceived reluctance to make desired concessions, Mahmoud Abbas decided to forge a deal with Hamas.[129] With its alliance with Syria and Iran weakened, the loss of power by the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt after a coup dtat in Egypt, and the economic impact of the closure of its Rafah tunnels by Abdel Fattah el-Sisi,[129] on 23 April 2014, ending seven divisive years, Hamas agreed to reconciliation under a unity government with the other main Palestinian faction, Fatah.[130][131] The government accepted by Hamas was to be run exclusively by PNA technocrats.[129]

This Palestinian unity government was sworn in by 2 June 2014[132][133] and Israel announced it would not negotiate any peace deal with the new government and would push punitive measures.[134] Netanyahu took Palestinian unity as a threat rather than an opportunity.[129][135] On the eve of the agreement he stated that the proposed reconciliation would “strengthen terrorism”, and called on the international community to avoid embracing it.[136] Most of the outside world, including the European Union, Russia, China, India, Turkey, France and the United Kingdom, proved cautiously optimistic, and subsequently expressed their support for new arrangement. The United States, more skeptical, announced it would continue to work with the PNA-directed unity government.[137] Israel itself suspended negotiations with the PNA[138] and, just after[139] the announcement, launched an airstrike, which missed its target and wounded a family of three bystanders.[133][140] Netanyahu had warned before the deal that it would be incompatible with IsraeliPalestinian peace and that Abbas had to choose between peace with Hamas and peace with Israel. When a reconciliation deal was signed, opening the way to the appointment of the new government, Netanyahu chaired a security cabinet which voted to authorise Netanyahu to impose unspecified sanctions against the Palestinian Authority.[133]

On 4 June, the day before Naksa Day, the Israeli Housing and Construction Ministry published tenders for 1,500 settlement units in the West Bank and East Jerusalem in a move Minister Uri Ariel said was an “appropriate Zionist response to the Palestinian terror government.”[141][142]Marwan Bishara, senior political analyst at Al Jazeera, alleged that Israel had hoped to disrupt the Palestinian national unity government between Fatah and Hamas by its operation.[143]

On Nakba Day, 15 May 2014, two Palestinian youth, Nadeem Siam Nawara, 17, and Mohammad Mahmoud Odeh Abu Daher, 16, were killed by Israeli sniper fire using live ammunition near Ofer military prison in the West Bank city of Beitunia. Many Palestinians say this was the first action that began the 2014 conflict,[citation needed] named Operation Protective Edge, by Israel. On 12 June 2014, three Israeli teenagers were abducted in the West Bank: Naftali Fraenkel, Gilad Shaer, and Eyal Yifrah. Israel blamed Hamas, with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu saying that he had “unequivocal proof” that Hamas was involved and that the abduction was linked to Palestinian reconciliation,[129] and the IDF stated that the two men Israel suspected of having kidnapped the teenagers were known members of Hamas.[145][146] No evidence of Hamas involvement was offered by Israeli authorities at the time.[32][129][147] High-ranking members of Hamas denied the group had any involvement in the incident,[148] and ex-Shin Bet chief Yuval Diskin doubted Hamas had any involvement.[135] The Palestinian Authority in the West Bank attributed the abductions to the Qawasameh clan, notorious for acting against Hamas’s policies and any attempts to reach an entente with Israel.[149] Hamas political chief Khaled Meshal said he could neither confirm nor deny the kidnapping of the three Israelis, but congratulated the abductors.[150] The kidnappings were condemned by human rights organizations.[151][152] Documents released by Israel suggest that Hamas member Hussam Qawasmeh organized the kidnappings with $60,000 provided by his brother Mahmoud through a Hamas association in Gaza, after requesting support for a “military operation”.[153] On 20 August, Saleh al-Arouri, an exiled Hamas leader based in Turkey, claimed responsibility for the kidnapping of the three Israeli teens: “Our goal was to ignite an intifada in the West Bank and Jerusalem, as well as within the 1948 borders… Your brothers in the Al-Qassam Brigades carried out this operation to support their imprisoned brothers, who were on a hunger strike… The mujahideen captured these settlers in order to have a swap deal.”[154] Palestinian security forces said the kidnappings were organized by Saleh al-Arouri.[155] Khalid Meshaal, head in exile of Hamas’s political wing since 2004, acknowledged that Hamas members were responsible, but stated that its political leaders had no prior knowledge of the abduction, were not involved in military details and learnt of it through the ensuing Israeli investigations. He also said that while Hamas was opposed to targeting civilians, he understood that Palestinians “frustrated with oppression” were exercising a “legitimate right of resistance” against the occupation by undertaking such operations.[156][157][158][159] Israel states that the IDF and the Shin Bet have foiled between 54[160] and 64 kidnapping plots since 2013. The PA said it had foiled 43 of them.[161]

Withholding evidence in its possession suggesting that the teens had been killed immediately until 1 July,[129][162][163] Israel launched Operation Brother’s Keeper, a large-scale crackdown of what it called Hamas’s terrorist infrastructure and personnel in the West Bank,[164] ostensibly aimed at securing the release of the kidnapped teenagers. During the operation, 11 Palestinians were killed and 51 wounded in 369 Israeli incursions into the West Bank through to 2 July,[37][165][166][167][168][169] and between 350 and 600 Palestinians,[148][165][170][171] including nearly all of Hamas’s West Bank leaders,[172][173][174] were arrested.[175][176][177] Among those arrested were many people who had only recently been freed under the terms of the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange.[178] Israeli military spokesman Lt. Col. Peter Lerner defended the arrests, stating that Hamas members had carried out 60 abduction attempts on Israelis in the West Bank “in the last year and a half”, and that “Hamas does not need to give a direct order.”[179] The arrests yielded no information about the abduction.[129]Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch stated that certain aspects of the operation amounted to collective punishment,[180][181] and B’tselem said in a press release that the actions have caused “disproportionate harm to the basic rights of Palestinians”.[182] During the course of the operation, Israel said it had uncovered a Hamas plot to launch a massive wave of violence throughout the West Bank, with the goal of overthrowing the Palestinian Authority. The purported coup plotters were arrested and their weapons stockpiles were seized[183][184]

On 30 June, search teams found the bodies of the three missing teenagers near Hebron.[185][186][187] After their burial, an anti-Arab riot broke out, and a Palestinian teenager was murdered in revenge. His killing sparked Arab rioting.[188][189] Israel police arrested six suspects belonging to the Beitar Jerusalem F.C. supporters’ group La Familia[190][191] and charged three of them with murder.[192][193]

As part of its crackdown, Israel conducted air strikes against Hamas facilities in the Gaza Strip, while Hamas apparently refrained from retaliating, though it did not impede other factions from firing rockets towards Israel.[129] From 1 May to 11 June, six rockets and three mortar shells were launched from Gaza towards Israel. From 12 to 30 June 44 rockets and 3 mortar shells were launched from Gaza. On 29 June, an Israeli airstrike on a rocket crew killed a Hamas operative, while at least 18 rockets were launched from Gaza through the next day by Hamas according to both J.J. Goldberg and Assaf Sharon,[129] with Goldberg stating that it was the first time Hamas directly launched rockets since the conflict in 2012.[162] Overnight, on 30 June 1 July, Israeli airstrikes struck 34 Gaza targets in what officials stated was a response to the Sunday rocketry,[194] while Stuart Greer reported the strikes were revenge for the deaths of the three youths.[195] From the day of the abductions on 12 June through 5 July 117 rockets were launched from Gaza and there were approximately 80 Israeli airstrikes on Gaza.[196][197]

Israel sought a ceasefire but refused to accept Hamas’s condition that Palestinians arrested in the West Bank crackdown be released.[129] In a meeting held on 2 July to discuss the crisis, Hamas reportedly tried but failed to persuade armed factions in Gaza to uphold the truce with Israel.[198] Following escalating rocket fire from Gaza, Israel issued a warning on 4 July that it “would only be able to sustain militant rocket fire for another 24, or maximum 48, hours before undertaking a major military offensive.”[199] Hamas declared it was prepared to halt the rocket fire in exchange for an agreement by Israel to stop airstrikes. Netanyahu said Israel would only act against further rocket attacks.[200] On 5 July, Hamas official Osama Hamdan said rocket fire would continue until Israel lifted its import restrictions on Gaza and the Palestinian Authority transferred money to pay Hamas civil servants.[201] Between 4 and 6 July, a total of 62 rockets where fired from Gaza and the IAF attacked several targets in Gaza.[202][203][204] The following day, Hamas assumed formal responsibility for launching rocket attacks on Israel.[32] Hamas increased rocket attacks on Israel,[121] and by 7 July had fired 100 rockets from Gaza at Israeli territory; at the same time, the Israeli Air Force had bombed several sites in Gaza.[205][206][207] Early on 8 July, the IAF bombed 50 targets in the Gaza Strip.[208] Israel’s military also stopped a militant infiltration from the sea.[208] Brigadier General Moti Almoz, the chief spokesman of the Israeli military, said: “We have been instructed by the political echelon to hit Hamas hard.”[118] Hamas insisted that Israel end all attacks on Gaza, release those re-arrested during the crackdown in the West Bank, lift the blockade on Gaza and return to the cease-fire conditions of 2012 as conditions for a ceasefire.[209]

As the Israeli operation began, and the IDF bombarded targets in the Gaza Strip with artillery and airstrikes, Hamas continued to fire rockets and mortar shells into Israel in response. A cease-fire proposal was announced by the Egyptian government on 14 July, backed by Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas;[210] the Israeli government accepted it and temporarily stopped hostilities on the morning of 15 July, but Hamas rejected it in “its current form”, citing the fact Hamas has not been consulted in the formation of the ceasefire and it omitted many of their demands.[211][212] By 16 July, the death toll within Gaza had surpassed 200 people.[213]

On 16 July, Hamas and Islamic Jihad offered the Israeli government a 10-year truce with ten conditions centred on the lifting of the blockade and the release of prisoners who were released in the Gilad Shalit prisoner swap and were re-arrested; it was not accepted.[214][215] On 17 July, a five-hour humanitarian ceasefire, proposed by the UN, took place. Approximately five and a half hours prior to the ceasefire’s effect, the IDF sighted 13 armed Hamas militants emerging from a Gazan tunnel on the Israeli side of the Gaza border. IDF destroyed the tunnel’s exit, ending the incursion.[216][217] After the ceasefire, IDF began a ground offensive on the Gaza Strip focused on destroying tunnels crossing the Israel border. On 20 July, the Israeli military entered Shuja’iyya, a populous neighborhood of Gaza City, resulting in heavy fighting.

On 24 July, over 10,000 Palestinians in the West Bank protested against the Israeli operation; 2 Palestinian protesters died.[218] 150 Hamas militants who surrendered to the IDF were being questioned about Hamas operations.[219] On 25 July, an Israeli airstrike killed Salah Abu Hassanein, the leader of Islamic Jihad’s military wing.[220] On 26 July, another humanitarian ceasefire took place for twelve hours,[221] followed by a unilateral extension by Israel for another twenty-four hours, which was rejected by Hamas.[222] The Palestinian death toll in the Gaza Strip topped 1,000.[223]

On 1 August, the US and UN announced that Israel and Palestine had agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire starting at 08:00. There was dispute about the terms of the ceasefire: Israel and the US stated that they allowed Israel to “continue to do operations to destroy tunnels that pose a threat to Israeli territory that lead from the Gaza Strip into Israel proper as long as those tunnels exist on the Israel side of their lines”; Hamas said that it would not accept such a condition.[224][225] The ceasefire broke down almost immediately after it started. Israel blamed Hamas for violating the ceasefire, saying a group of Israeli soldiers were attacked by Palestinian militants emerging from a tunnel.[226] Palestinians said the IDF was the first to breach the ceasefire when at 08:30 it destroyed 19 buildings while undertaking work to demolish tunnels.[225] According to the PLO, the Palestinian Authority and Gazan sources, Hamas attacked an Israeli unit, killing an Israeli officer (Hadar Goldin, who was initially thought to have been captured) while Israeli forces were still engaged in military activities in Rafah on Gaza’s territory before the truce came into effect. Tweets reported the battle in Rafah before the deadline for the cease-fire.[225] Hamas also killed two soldiers in a suicide bombing attack.[227] Senior Hamas leader Moussa Abu Marzouk accused Israel of creating pretexts to undermine the Gaza ceasefire and said that Palestinian fighters abducted the officer and killed the two soldiers before the start of the humanitarian truce,[228] which a Hamas witness has stated began at 7:30 and lasted five minutes,[229] while Israel said the event took place at 09:20, after the 08:00 start of the ceasefire.[230][231][232]

On 3 August, IDF pulled most of its ground forces out of the Gaza Strip after completing the destruction of 32 tunnels built by Hamas and other militants.[43][233][234] On 5 August Israel announced that it had arrested Hossam Kawasmeh on 11 July, and suspected him of having organized the killing of the three teenagers. According to court documents, Kawasmeh stated that Hamas members in Gaza financed the recruitment and arming of the killers.[235][236]

On 10 August, another Egyptian proposal for a 72-hour ceasefire was negotiated and agreed upon Israeli and Palestinian officials, and on 13 August it was extended for another 120 hours to allow both sides to continue negotiations for a long-term solution to end the month-long fighting.[237] On 19 August, a 24 hour ceasefire extension renewal was violated just hours after agreement with 29 Hamas rockets fired in 20 minutes, with IAF airstrikes in response, killing 9 Gazans. The Israeli delegation was ordered home from Cairo.[238]

On 21 August, an Israeli airstrike in Rafah killed three of Hamas’s top commanders: Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al Atar and Mohammed Barhoum.[239] During the period from 22 to 26 August, over than 700 rockets and mortar shells fired into Israel, killing 3 Israelis. On 26 August, Israel and Hamas accepted another cease-fire at 19:00.[240]

On 16 September, Mortar shell fired to Israel for the first time since the cease-fire. Citizens worried that the fighting would resume with the Gaza Strip at the beginning of the new year (Rosh Hashanah). Defense Minister, Moshe Yaalon estimated that fighting would not resume with the Gaza Strip at the end of this month.[241] Abbas call for UNSC resolution to end Mideast conflict. Hollande, French president show supported in his effort.[242] On Tuesday, 20 September, negotiations between Israel and Gaza will begin in Cairo.[243]

According to Palestinians on 1 October, Israeli forces entered the Gaza Strip and fired upon Palestinian farmers and farms. No injuries were reported.[244][245][246]

IDF reported that on 31 October a rocket or a mortar shell was launched from Gaza into southern Israel without causing harm.[247]

On 23 November, a Palestinian farmer was shot dead in Gaza, marking the first time a Palestinian from Gaza had been killed by Israeli fire since a seven-week war between Israel and Hamas militants ended with an Egyptian-brokered ceasefire on 26 August. The Israeli army said two Palestinians had approached the border fence and had ignored calls to halt, prompting troops to fire warning shots in the air. “Once they didn’t comply, they fired towards their lower extremities. There was one hit,” a spokeswoman said.[248]

As of 20 July 2014[update], hospitals in Gaza were ill-equipped and faced severe shortages of various kinds of medicine, medical supplies, and fuel.[251] Egypt temporarily reopened the Rafah crossing with Gaza to allow medical supplies to enter and injured Palestinians to receive treatment in Egypt.[252] Due to the operation, prices of food, including fish and produce, rose dramatically.[253] A 21 July news report stated that over 83,000 Palestinians had taken shelter in UN facilities.[254] Fatah officials accused Hamas of mishandling humanitarian aid meant for civilians. According to them, Hamas took the aid, which included clothing, mattresses, medicine, water, and food, and distributed it among Hamas members or sold it on the black market for profit.[255][256]

According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), over 273,000 Palestinians in the Gaza Strip had been displaced as of 31 July 2014, of whom 236,375 (over eleven percent of the Gazan population) were taking shelter in 88 UNRWA schools. UNRWA exhausted its capacity to absorb displaced persons, and overcrowding in shelters risked the outbreak of epidemics. 1.8 million people were affected by a halt or reduction of the water supply, 138 schools and 26 health facilities[58][257][258] were damaged, 872 homes were totally destroyed or severely damaged, and the homes of 5,005 families were damaged but still inhabitable. Throughout the Gaza Strip, people received only 2 hours of electricity per day. Power outage had an immediate effect on the public health situation and reduced water and sanitation services, with hospitals becoming dependent on generators. On 2 September, UNRWA reported that 58,217 people were sheltering in 31 of their school buildings, a fifth of their buildings.[259]

OCHA estimated that at least 373,000 children required psychosocial support.[18] “Intense overcrowding, compounded by the limited access of humanitarian staff to certain areas, is increasingly undermining the living conditions at many shelters and raising protection concerns. Water supply has been particularly challenging…”[260] More than 485,000 internally displaced persons were in need of emergency food assistance.[58]

Gaza City, home to 500,000, suffered damage to 20-25% of its housing. Beit Hanoun, with 70% of its housing stock damaged, is considered uninhabitable, with 30,000 residents there in need of accommodation. The only power station in the Strip was damaged on 29 July, and the infrastructure of power transmission lines and sewage pumps was severely damaged, with a major sewage pipe catering to 500,000 badly damaged. Among the infrastructure targeted and destroyed by Israel’s bombing campaign were 220 factories in various industrial zones, including a major carpentry enterprise, construction companies, a major biscuit factory, dairy farms and livestock, a candy manufacturer, the orange groves of Beit Hanoun, Gaza’s largest mosques, and several TV stations. Farms, as a consequence of damage or the presence of unexploded ordnance dropped during the conflict, are often inaccessible, and the damage to agriculture was estimated at over $200 million. 10 out of 26 hospitals closed.[261][262][263]

According to the Palestinian Ministry of Endowments and Religious Affairs, 203 mosques were damaged during the war, with 73 being destroyed completely.[264] Two of Gaza’s three Christian churches were also damaged, with the third suffering some damage to peripheral buildings owned by the parish.[264] In the light of the damage to mosques, Manuel Musallam informed Muslims they could call their prayers from Christian churches.[265] In contrast to Operation Pillar of Defensive, which did not damage a single mosque, Israel maintained that Hamas had a routine military use of mosques and that made them legitimate military targets. According to the IDF, 160 rockets were launched from mosques during the war.[266][267] It also stated that mosques were used for weapon storage, tunnel entrances, training and gathering of militants.[268][269] In one Associated Press report, residents denied that mosques damaged by Israeli forces had been used for military purposes.[270]

Hamas and other Islamist groups in Gaza fired rockets and mortars at Israeli towns and villages. Despite Israel’s use of the Iron Dome missile defense systems, six civilians were killed, including an Arab Israeli and a Thai civilian worker.[272] An Israeli teen was seriously injured in a rocket strike in the city of Ashkelon.[273] Medical health professionals have noted that Israeli teens prone to mental health problems suffer increasingly during both short-term and long-term conflicts. Experts have identified a number of mental health symptoms which rise during conflict, including anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, interpersonal sensitivity, phobias, and paranoia. There is some doubt whether these issues will dissipate after the conflict is resolved.[274]

Rocket attacks from Gaza caused damage to Israeli civilian infrastructure, including factories, gas stations, and homes.[275]

At the onset of the operation, the Israeli government canceled all programs within 40km (24 miles) of Gaza, and requested all people stay at home or near shelter. All summer camps were closed and universities canceled their final exams.[276] Additionally, all gatherings of 300 or more people were banned.[277] Due to the trajectory of rocket fire from Gaza, many flights in and out of Ben-Gurion Airport were delayed or rerouted.[278] and flights to Ben-Gurion airport were interrupted for some days after a Hamas rocket struck an area in its vicinity.[279] Hamas called the FAA flight ban a “great victory”.[280]Michael Ross wrote that the decision was driven by anxiety and caused considerably more damage than the potential danger it prevented.[281]

Nearly 3,000 claims of damage were submitted to Israel’s Tax Authority, which paid $20 million for direct damage and $21 million for indirect damage such as missed work days as of[when?].[46]

The Bedouin communities in the Negev, many unrecognised by the Israeli government, were classified as “open areas” and so their 200,000 residents did not have warning sirens or anti-rocket protection.[282]

Reports of casualties in the conflict have been made available by a variety of sources. Most media accounts have used figures provided by the government in Gaza or non-governmental organizations.[283]

Current reports of the proportion of those killed who were civilians/militants are incomplete, and real-time errors, intentional data manipulation, and diverse methodologies produce notable variations in various sides’ figures.[284][285][286] For example, the Hamas-run Interior Ministry has issued instructions for activists to always refer to casualties as “innocent civilians” or “innocent citizens” in internet posts.[287][288] However, B’Tselem has stated that after the various groups finish their investigations, their figures are likely to end up about the same.[57] UNICEF and the Gaza Health Ministry reported that from 8 July to 2 August, 296315 Palestinian children died due to Israeli action, and 30% of civilian casualties were children;[289][290] by 27 August, the total number of children killed had risen to 495[18]578,[31] according to OCHA and the Gaza Health Ministry. In March 2015, OCHA reported that 2,220 Palestinians had been killed, of whom 1,492 were civilians (551 children and 299 women), 605 militants and 123 of unknown status.[291] According to ITIC, 48.7% of the identified casualties were militants[56] and in some cases children and women participated in military operations.[292]

Human rights groups and the UN use the Gaza Health Ministry’s number of Palestinians killed in Gaza as preliminary and add to or subtract from it after conducting their own investigations. For example, human rights groups say that the casualty count provided by the Health Ministry most likely includes victims of Hamas executions, domestic violence, and natural deaths,[285] but they (the human rights groups) remove the accused collaborators (who were shot as close range) from their own counts.[293] Israel contends that the Health Ministry’s casualty count also includes deaths caused by rocket or mortar malfunctions.[285]

According to the OCHA 2015 overview, of the 2,220 Palestinians killed in the conflict, 742 fatalities came from 142 families, who suffered the loss of 3 or more family members in individual bombing incidents on residential buildings.[291] According to data provided by the Palestinian International Middle East Media Center, 79.7% of the Palestinians killed in Gaza were male, with the majority between 16 and 35 (fighting-age). In contrast, a New York Times analysis states that males of ages that are most likely to be militants form 9% of the population but 34% of the casualties, while women and children under 15, who are least likely to be legitimate targets, form 71% of the general population and 33% of the casualties.[285][295] Israel has pointed to the relatively small numbers of fatalities among women, children and men over 60, and to instances of Hamas fighters being counted as civilians (perhaps due to the broad definition of “civilian” used by the Gaza Health Ministry), to support its view that the number of the dead who were militants is 4050%.[57] The IDF calculates that 5% of Gaza’s military forces were killed in the war.[296] Jana Krause, from the war studies department at Kings College London, stated that “a potential explanation other than combatant roles” for the tendency of the dead to be young men “could be that families expect them to be the first ones to leave shelters in order to care for hurt relatives, gather information, look after abandoned family homes or arrange food and water.”[286] ITIC reported instances in which children and teenagers served as militants, as well as cases where the ages of casualties reported by GHM were allegedly falsified, with child militants listed as adults and adults listed as children.[297]

Abbas said that “more than 120 youths were killed for violating the curfew and house arrest orders issued against them” by Hamas, referring to reports that Hamas targeted Fatah activists in Gaza during the conflict. Abbas said that Hamas also executed more than 30 suspected collaborators without trial.[298] He said that “over 850 Hamas members and their families” were killed by Israel during the operation.[299][300][301] During the fighting between Israel and Gaza, solidarity protests occurred in the West Bank, during which several Palestinians died; see Reactions.

During the conflict, 66 IDF soldiers were killed[302]:

Sgt. Shacar Shalev, 20, from Alonei HaBashan, Paratroopers Brigade, was critically injured on July 23 during combat in Gaza. He died from his wounds on August 31.

Sgt. Netanel Maman, 21, was critically injured in Ashdod on August 22. He died from his wounds on August 29.

Maj. Benaya Sarel, 26, commander of the Sayeret Givati Company, killed by Hamas in southern Gaza Strip. Lt. Hadar Goldin, 23, killed by Hamas in southern Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Liel Gidoni, 20, killed by Hamas in southern Gaza Strip.

Capt. (res.) Liran Adir (Edry), 31, killed operating along the border with the Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Noam Rosenthal, 20, killed operating along the border with the Gaza Strip. Sgt. First Class (Res.) Daniel Marash, 22, killed operating along the border with the Gaza Strip. Cap. Omri Tal, 22, killed operating along the border with the Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Shay Kushnir, 20, was killed operating along the border with the Gaza Strip.

Staff Sgt. Guy Algranati, 20, Sayeret Maglan, was killed in the southern Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Omer Hay, 21, Sayeret Maglan, was killed in the southern Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Matan Gotlib, 21, Sayeret Maglan, was killed in the southern Gaza Strip.

Sgt. Nadav Raimond, 19, killed in when combatants infiltrated Israel via a tunnel from Gaza. Sgt. Daniel Kedmi, 18, killed when combatants infiltrated Israel via a tunnel from Gaza. Sgt. Barkey Ishai Shor, 21, killed when combatants infiltrated Israel via a tunnel from Gaza. Sgt. Sagi Erez, 19, killed when combatants infiltrated Israel via a tunnel from Gaza. Sgt. Dor Dery, 18, killed when combatants infiltrated Israel via a tunnel from Gaza. Staff Sgt. Eliav Eliyahu Haim Kahlon, 22, was killed by mortar fire along the Gaza border. Cpl. Meidan Maymon Biton, 20, was killed by mortar fire along the Gaza border. Cpl Niran Cohen, 20, was killed by mortar fire along the Gaza border. Staff Sgt. Adi Briga, 23, was killed by mortar fire along the Gaza border. Staff Sgt. Moshe Davino, 20, was killed in the southern Gaza Strip.

Sgt. First Class (res.) Barak Refael Degorker, 27, was killed by mortar fire from the Gaza Strip. Chief Warrant Officer Rami Chalon, 39, died from his wounds after being injured on the Gaza border on Tuesday, July 22. Cap. Liad Lavi, 20, died from his wounds after being injured in combat in the southern Gaza Strip on Thursday, July 24. Staff Sgt. Avraham Grintzvaig, 21, was killed in combat in the northern Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Gal Bason, 21, Combat Engineering Corps, was killed in the northern Gaza Strip. Second Lieutenant Roy Peles, 21, was killed in combat in the Gaza strip.

Staff Sgt. Amit Yeori, 20,fell in combat in Gaza. Staff Sgt. Guy Boyland, 21, 7th Armored Brigade, killed in combat in the Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Guy Levy, 21, killed by an anti-tank missile fired at the force from a structure. First Sgt. (Res.) Yair Ashkenazy, 36, killed in the northern Gaza Strip.

Lt. Elyahu, 22, Paratroopers Brigade, killed in combat in the Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Li Mat, 19, Paratroopers Brigade, killed in combat in the Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Shahar Dauber, 20, Paratroopers Brigade, killed in combat in the Gaza Strip. Capt. Dmitri Levitas, 26, killed by sniper fire in the Gaza Strip. Lt. Natan Cohen, 23, killed in combat in the Gaza Strip. Staff Sgt. Avitar Moshe Torjamin, 20, killed in a fire exchange in the southern Gaza Strip.

First Sgt. Ohad Shemesh, 27, killed while fighting Hamas. Sgt. First Class Oded Ben Sira, 22, killed by sniper fire. Lt. Col. Dolev Keidar, 38, Commander of the Geffen Battalion, killed by an anti-tank missile in an infiltration incident. Sgt. Major Bayhesain Kshaun, 39, killed by an anti-tank missile in an infiltration incident. Second Lt. Yuval Haiman, 21, killed by an anti-tank missile in an infiltration incident. Sgt. Nadav Goldmacher, 23, killed by an anti-tank missile in an infiltration incident. Staff Sgt. Tal Ifrach, 21, killed in battle in Gaza. Staff Sgt. Yuval Dagan, 22, killed in battle.

Staff Sgt. Oron Shaul, 22, from Poria Sgt. Shon Mondshine, 19, from Tel Aviv Staff Sgt. Jordan Bensemhoun, 22, from Ashkelon Staff Sgt. Moshe Malko, 20, from Jerusalem Sgt. Nissim Sean Carmeli, 21, from Raanana Sgt. Oz Mendelovich, 21, from Atzmon Sgt. Gilad Rozenthal Yacoby, 21, from Kiryat Ono Capt. Tsvi Kaplan, 28, from Meirav Maj. Tzafrir Baror, 32, from Holon Staff Sgt. Max Steinberg, 24, from Be’er Sheva Staff Sgt. Shachar Tase, 20, from Pardesiya Staff Sgt. Daniel Pomerantz, 20, from Kfar Azar Sgt. Ben Itzhak Vaanounou, 19, from Ashdod Staff Sgt. Oren Simcha Noach, 22, from Hoshaya

Staff Sgt. Bnaya Rubel, 20, from Holon was killed in battle. Second Lt. Bar Rahav, 21, was killed when an anti-tank missile hit his vehicle. Sgt. Adar Barsano, 20, was killed by Hamas, who infiltrated into Israel through a tunnel. Maj. (res.) Amotz Greenberg, 45, was killed by Hamas who infiltrated into Israel through a tunnel.

Staff Sgt. Eitan Barak, 20, was killed in a night operation in Gaza.

Also, among the dead were 5 Israeli civilians and 1 Thai civilian.[18][303] One other person died due to natural causes brought on by the conflict.[304] According to Magen David Adom, 837 civilians were treated for shock (581) or injuries (256): 36 were injured by shrapnel, 33 by debris from shattered glass and building debris, 18 in traffic accidents which occurred when warning sirens sounded, 159 from falling or trauma while on the way to shelters, and 9 in violence in Jerusalem and Maale Adumim.[305][306] 469 IDF soldiers were injured.[20]

The first Israeli civilian death occurred at the Erez border crossing with Gaza when a Chabad rabbi, delivering food and drinks on the front line,[307] was hit by mortar fire.[308] The second Israeli civilian killed was a 32-year-old Bedouin who was hit by a rocket in the Negev Desert.[309] A Thai migrant worker was also killed by mortar fire while working at a greenhouse in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council.[310] In addition, an elderly woman in Wadi Nisnas collapsed and died of heart failure during an air-raid siren.[304] On 22 August, a 4-year-old Israeli child was killed by a mortar fired from Gaza.[311] A barrage of mortar fire killed two Israeli civilians in the Eshkol region, an hour before a ceasefire went into effect.[312]

Palestinian officials estimated on 4 September that, with 17,000 homes destroyed (and as of early August at least 30,000 partially destroyed)[313] by Israeli bombing, the reconstruction would cost $7.8 billion, which is about 3 times Gaza’s GDP for 2011.[314][315] Gaza City suffered damage to 2025% of its housing and Beit Hanoun with 70% of its housing uninhabitable.[262]The New York Times noted that damage in this third war was more severe than in the two preceding wars, where in the aftermath of the earlier Operation Cast Lead the damage inflicted was $4 billion, 3 times the then GDP of Gaza’s economy.[316] Strikes on Gaza’s few industries will take years to repair. Gaza’s main power plant on Salaheddin Road was damaged. Two sewage pumping stations in Zeitoun were damaged. The biggest private company in Gaza, the Alawda biscuit and ice cream factory, employing 400, was destroyed by a shelling barrage on 31 July, a few days after undertaking to supply its Choco Sandwich biscuits to 250,000 refugees in response to a request from the World Food Programme; other strikes targeted a plastics factory, a sponge-making plant, the offices of Gaza’s main fruit distribution network, the El Majd Industrial and Trading Corporation’s factory for cardboard box, carton and plastic bag production, Gaza’s biggest dairy product importer and distributor, Roward International. Trond Husby, chief of the UN’s Gaza development programme in Gaza, commented that the level of destruction now is worse than in Somalia, Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Uganda.[263]

A number of tunnels leading into both Israel and Egypt were destroyed throughout the operation. There were reports that the tunnels between Gaza and Egypt were bringing an estimated $700 million into Gaza’s economy through goods or services. Several Palestinians argued that the tunnels had been critical to supporting the residents of Gaza, either through the employment they provided or through the goods that they allowed ingoods which were otherwise not available unless shipped through Egypt.[317] However, tunnels along the Israeli border serve a purely military purpose.[318]

During the ground invasion, Israeli forces destroyed livestock in Gaza. In Beit Hanoun, 370 cows were killed by tank shelling and airstrikes. In Beit Lahiya, 20 camels were shot by ground forces.[319] Israel’s Minister of Finance estimated that the operation would cost Israel NIS 8.5 billion (approximately 2.5 billion USD), which is similar to Operation Cast Lead in 2009 and higher than Operation Pillar of Defense in 2012. The forecast included military and non-military costs, including military expenditure and property damage. The calculation indicated that if the operation lasted 20 days, the loss in GDP would be 0.4%.[64]

International reactions to the 2014 IsraelGaza conflict came from many countries and international organizations around the world.

Canada was supportive of Israel[320] and critical of Hamas. The BRICS countries called for restraint on both sides and a return to peace talks based on the Arab Peace Initiative. The European Union condemned the violations of the laws of war by both sides, while stressing the “unsustainable nature of the status quo”, and calling for a settlement based on the two-state solution. The Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, and most Latin American countries were critical of Israel, with some countries in the latter group withdrawing their ambassadors from Israel in protest. South Africa called for restraint by both sides and an end to “collective punishment of Palestinians”.[citation needed]

There were many pro-Israel and pro-Palestine demonstrations worldwide, including inside Israel and the Palestinian territories. According to OCHA, 23 Palestinians were killed and 2,218 were wounded by the IDF (38% of the latter by live fire) during these demonstrations.[321][322][323]

Concerns were raised regarding rising anti-Semitism and related violence[where?] deemed related to the conflict.[324]

U.S. President Obama acknowledged Israel’s right to defend itself, but urged restraint by both sides. Meanwhile, the United States Congress expressed vigorous support for Israel. It passed legislation providing Israel with an additional $225 million in military aid for missile defense with a bipartisan 395-8 vote in the House of Representatives and by unanimous consent in the Senate.[325] This was in addition to strong measures supporting Israel’s position passed with overwhelming support in both houses.[326] Israel received strong statements of bipartisan support from the leadership and members of both houses of Congress for its actions during the conflict.

On 6 August 2014, thousands of Palestinians rallied in Gaza in support of Hamas, they demanded an end to the blockade of Gaza.[327][328] After the 26 August ceasefire, the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research conducted a poll in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip: 79% of respondents said that Hamas had won the war and 61% said that they would pick Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh as the Palestinian president, up from 41% before the war.[329]

According to The Washington Post, a percentage of Gazans held Hamas accountable for the humanitarian crisis and wanted the militants to stop firing rockets from their neighborhoods to avoid Israeli reaction.[330] Some of the Gazans have attempted to protest against Hamas, which routinely accuses protesters of being Israeli spies and has killed more than 50 such protesters.[331][332][unreliable source?] Around 6 August, Palestinian protesters reportedly attacked and beat up Hamas spokesperson Sami Abu Zuhri because they blamed Hamas for inciting Operation Protective Edge.[333][334]

An unknown number of Palestinians, estimated in the hundreds or thousands, have tried to flee to Europe due to the conflict. The Palestinian rights group Adamir collected the names of 400 missing persons. In what was described by International Organization for Migration as the “worst shipwreck in years”, a boat carrying refugees was rammed by smugglers and capsized off the coast of Malta, resulting in the deaths of about 400 people. According to interviews with survivors, they paid smugglers between $2,000-$5,000 or used legal travel permits, to get to Egypt. One refugee who died had considered the boat to be rickety but told his father “I have no life in Gaza anyway”.[335][336]

A majority of the Israeli public supported Operation Protective Edge.[337][338] Nonetheless, there were protests throughout Israel, after which nearly 700 people were arrested,[why?] including 224 people from East Jerusalem. Most were subsequently released, but some face charges.[339][needs update]

There were continuous protests and clashes in the West Bank. The funeral of Mohammed Abu Khdeir on 4 July was joined by thousands of mourners, and was accompanied by clashes across east Jerusalem throughout the weekend.[340][needs update] According to OCHA, 23 Palestinians were killed and 2,218 were wounded by the IDF, 38% of the latter by live fire.[321][322][323] According to the PLO, 32 Palestinians were killed in the West Bank in the period 13 June 26 August, nearly 1400 were wounded by Israeli fire and 1,700 were detained in the largest offensive in the West Bank since the Second Intifada. The PLO also stated that 1,472 settlement homes had been approved over the summer.[341]

During the war there were over 360 attacks on Jews from the West Bank, a spate that was thought by the Jerusalem Post to have “peaked” on 4 August with a tractor attack in Jerusalem and the shooting of a uniformed soldier in the French Hill neighborhood, leading to an increase in security in the city.[342][343]

On 1 September, Israel announced a plan to expropriate 1,000 acres of land in the West Bank, reportedly as a “reaction to the deplorable murder in June of three Israeli teenagers”, which Amnesty International denounced as the “largest land grab in the Occupied Palestinian Territories since the 1980s”.[344][345] The EU complained about the land expropriation and warned of renewed violence in Gaza; the US called it “counterproductive”.[346][347]

A number of legal and moral issues concerning the conflict arose during course of the fighting.[348] Various human rights groups have argued that both Palestinian rocket attacks and Israeli targeted destruction of homes of Hamas and other militia members violated international humanitarian law and might constitute war crimes, violations of international humanitarian law.[349][350][351]Navi Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, accused Hamas militants of violating international humanitarian law by “locating rockets within schools and hospitals, or even launching these rockets from densely populated areas.”[352] She also criticized Israel’s military operation, stating that there was “a strong possibility that international law has been violated, in a manner that could amount to war crimes”, and specifically criticizing Israel’s actions in Gaza as disproportionate.[353]

Amnesty International found evidence that “[d]uring the current hostilities, Hamas spokespeople reportedly urged residents in some areas of the Gaza Strip not to leave their homes after the Israeli military dropped leaflets and made phone calls warning people in the area to evacuate”, and that international humanitarian law was clear in that “even if officials or fighters from Hamas or Palestinian armed groups associated with other factions did in fact direct civilians to remain in a specific location in order to shield military objectives from attacks, all of Israel’s obligations to protect these civilians would still apply.”[354]B’tselem found that Hamas had breached provisions of International Humanitarian Law (IHL), both firing from civilian areas and firing at Israeli civilian areas. It also stated that the Israeli policy of bombing homes, formulated by government officials and the senior military command, though claimed to be in conformity with IHL, was ‘unlawful’, and designed to ‘block, a priori, any allegations that Israel breached IHL provisions’, in that it relies on an interpretation that leaves ‘no restrictions whatsoever on Israeli action’ so that ‘whatever method it chooses to respond to Hamas operations is legitimate, no matter how horrifying the consequences.'[355][356]

Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh urged the Palestinian Authority to sign the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC);[357] the fact that the PA has not done so yet has prevented the ICC from launching a formal investigation. [clarification needed] ICC prosecutor Geoffrey Nice said that a “decision to do nothing clearly emerges from the meeting” with the PA foreign minister Riad Malki.[358][359] The UNHRC has appointed a panel led by William Schabas to investigate war crimes allegations by both sides. Israel criticized Schabas as biased because he repeatedly made statements against Israel and in support of Hamas, and has announced its own investigations of both military and civilian leadership and the conduct during the war. Schabas denied any bias,[360][361] but on 2 February 2015 resigned from the position.[362] According to the New York Times, “Of 44 cases initially referred to army fact-finding teams for preliminary examination, seven have been closed, including one involving the death of eight members of a family when their home was struck on 8 July, the first day of the Israeli air campaign, and others are pending.”[363] Human rights organizations have expressed little confidence in Israel’s measures, citing past experience.[364] Moreover, several human rights organizations were denied access to Gaza by Israel, rendering it impossible for them to carry out on-site investigations.[365][366]B’Tselem has refused to participate in the army investigation.[363]

Twenty civilians from Shuja’iyya were killed while protesting against Hamas.[367] A few days later, Hamas reportedly killed two Gazans and wounded ten after a scuffle broke out over food handouts.[368]

The IDF stated on 31 July that more than 280 Hamas rockets[45] malfunctioned and fell inside the Gaza strip, hitting sites including Al-Shifa Hospital and the Al-Shati refugee camp, killing at least 11 and wounding dozens.[369] Hamas denied that any of its rockets hit the Gaza Strip.,[45][370][371] but Palestinian sources said numerous rocket launches ended up falling in Gaza communities and that scores of people have been killed or injured. Israeli Military sources said the failed Hamas launches increased amid heavy Israeli air and artillery strikes throughout the Gaza Strip. They said the failed launches reflected poorly-assembled rockets as well as the rush to load and fire projectiles before they are spotted by Israeli aircraft.[372] While the Al-Shifa Hospital incident is disputed, early news reports have suggested that the strike was from an Israeli drone missile.[369][373][374] Amnesty International concluded that the explosion at the Shati refugee camp on July 28 in which 13 civilians were killed was caused by a Palestinian rocket, despite Palestinian claims it was an Israeli missile.[375]

During the conflict, Hamas executed Gazan civilians it accused of having collaborated with Israel; thirty on 30 July;[376] forty-six on 21/22 August,[377][378] including twenty-five as part of a campaign codenamed “Strangling Necks”; four on 23 August;[379] and eighteen more at other times. Overall, Hamas executed between 30-40 suspected collaborators during Operation Protective Edge alone, according to Abbas.[298][301] Abbas condemned the executions, calling them murders and a crime.[380][381]

Abbas’ Secretary-General, Al-Tayyib Abd al-Rahim, condemned the “random executions of those who Hamas called collaborators”, adding that some of those killed had been detained for more than three years.[382][383] Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and Palestinian human rights groups condemned the executions.[384][385][386] Bodies of the victims were brought to hospitals to be added to the number of civilian casualties of Israeli operation.[293] According to a Shin Bet official, “not even one” of the alleged collaborators executed by Hamas provided any intelligence to Israel, while the Shin Bet officially “confirmed that those executed during Operation Protective Edge had all been held in prison in Gaza in the course of the hostilities.”[387]

Senior Hamas official Moussa Abu Marzouk confirmed that some victims were kept under arrest before the conflict began and were executed to satisfy the public without due legal procedure.[388]

Shurat HaDin filed a suit with the ICC charging Khaled Mashaal with war crimes for the executions of 38 civilians.[388][389] Hamas co-founder Ayman Taha was found dead; Al-Quds Al-Arabi reported he had been shot by Hamas for maintaining contact with the intelligence services of several Arab countries; Hamas stated he was targeted by an Israeli airstrike.[390]

On May 26, 2015 Amnesty International released a report saying that Hamas carried out extrajudicial killings, abductions and arrests of Palestinians and used the Al-Shifa Hospital to detain, interrogate and torture suspects. It details the executions of at least 23 Palestinians accused of collaborating with Israel and torture of dozens of others, many victims of torture were members of the rival Palestinian movement, Fatah.[391][392]

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay accused Hamas militants of violating international humanitarian law by “locating rockets within schools and hospitals, or even launching these rockets from densely populated areas.”[352] The European Union condemned Hamas, and in particular condemned “calls on the civilian population of Gaza to provide themselves as human shields.”[393][394] Confirmation of this practice was produced by correspondents from France24, The Financial Times, and RT, who respectively filmed a rocket launch pad which was placed in a civilian area next to a hotel where international journalists were staying,[395] reported on rockets being fired from near Al-Shifa Hospital, and reported on Hamas firing rockets near a hotel.[396] In September 2014, a Hamas official acknowledged to an Associated Press reporter that the group had fired rockets from civilian areas.[397]

While the Israeli government repeatedly stated that many civilian casualties were the result of Hamas using the Gazan population as human shields[398] several British media organizations (including The Guardian, and The Independent) dismissed such claims as “myths”[399][400] and the BBC’s Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen likewise said he “saw no evidence of Hamas using Palestinians as human shields.”[401] Additionally the London-based NGO, Amnesty International, dismissed such claims, stated it was unable to verify them and emphasized that even if they were true the IDF would still have a responsibility to protect civilians.[49][402]

The statements fall into two categories: using civilian structures like homes, mosques and hospitals to store munitions in or launch rockets from,[403] and urging or forcing civilian population to stay in their homes, to shield militants.[404][405] Israeli soldiers have also said Hamas operatives directly employed women and children as involuntary human shields to evade pursuit,[406][407] while Hamas and others have said such accusations are false.[408]Asa Kasher, who helped to write the Israel Defense Forces’s Code of Conduct, argued that “Israel cannot forfeit its ability to protect its citizens against attacks simply because terrorists hide behind non-combatants. If it did so, it would be giving up any right to self-defense.”[409]

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Bnai Brith – Truthtellers.org

Posted By on November 3, 2015


By Rev. Ted Pike 22 Dec 05

Bnai Brith International, and its civil liberties enforcement arm, ADL, is a worldwide Jewish organization operated entirely by Jews in more than 50 nations. They are the architects of anti-hate laws, ending free speech — especially for Christians who criticize homosexuality. B’nai B’rith is self-described as the body and soul of the Jewish world and “a synonym for organized Jewry.” i

Yet as I speak on conservative talk radio, I am increasingly told: ADL/Bnai Brith are not Jewish, but Masonic. They have nothing to do with the Jewish people!

Lets consider the facts.

To understand today’s evil Jewish leadership, we must first understand such leadership as it existed more than 2,000 years ago.

In 597 BC, Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar led the captive inhabitants of Judah to distant Babylon. Surprisingly, the Jews flourished in that occult and commercial capitol of the ancient world. Bereft of their cherished temple with its priests and religious education, a class of lay teachers called scribes or sopherim emerged. Greatly influenced by Babylonian lore and occultry, these Jewish leaders developed an interpretation of the Torah that was not based on literal readings. Instead they used occult techniques like numerology and juxtaposition of Hebrew letters to invent bizarre new interpretations that were unrelated to the text.

When Christ encountered these scribes and Pharisees of Palestine, he excoriated them, Ye have made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. (Matt. 15:6)

The Jewish Cabala

Even before Christ, the Pharisees who migrated from Babylon were developing a secret hidden knowledge called Cabala. “[At] the time of Jesus Christ, there existed an assemblage of documents and speculations that were carefully concealed from the multitude . . . this kind bore the name of Cabbala, ii says Hebrew-Christian historian Alfred Edersheim.

Cabala has nothing to do with the theistic God of the Torah, an intelligent and moral Being. In contrast, the scribes of Babylon were influenced by the pantheistic systems of the Far East, such as Hinduism and Buddhism. They accepted the idea that God is not separate from the universe, but is the universe. They taught that His ultimate essence, the En Sof, is beyond all rational thought or morality. Instead, God is the purest light — a light which filters down until it reaches Israel; she is Gods holy shekinah glory on earth, His manifest presence in the earthly levels of His being. Below Israel are the kliphoth — Gentiles, inhabiting the level of demons.

Cabala teaches that Gentiles should be ruled and even destroyed by Israel. The Zohar (light, splendor) is the primary book of Pharisaic, Cabalistic teaching. Of Gentiles, it says, … ‘living soul’ iii refers to Israel who are living souls from above and ‘cattle’ and ‘creeping thing’ and ‘beast of the earth,’ to the other peoples who are not ‘living soul’ … Take the life of the kliphoth and kill them, and you will please God the same as one who offers incense to Him. iv

(Chart from Ted Pike’s book Israel: Our Duty…Our Dilemma, p. 111)

Cabala Preaches Revolution

Pantheistic Cabala taught revolution as well as racism. The Pharisees believed that Israel is as fundamental to God and this worlds existence as a proton to an atom. She should dominate the Gentile hordes. The Pharisees lamented that Rome and later, Christianity exercised lordship over the Jews — an unthinkable blasphemy!

To restore proper order, Cabala teaches that through every possible means, Jews should subvert and destroy existing Gentile institutions and society.

The Zohar: Rabbi Jehuda said to him (Rabbi Chezkia): He is to be praised who is able to free himself from the enemies of Israel, and the just are much to be praised who get free from them and fight against them. Rabbi Chezkia asked, How must we fight against them? Rabbi Jehuda said, By wise counsel thou shalt war against them. (Prov. 24:6) By what kind of war? The kind of war that every man must war against his enemies, which Jacob used against Esau — by deceit and trickery wherever possible. They must be fought against without ceasing until proper order be restored. Thus it is with satisfaction that I say we should free ourselves from them and rule over them. v The Zohar says that when Israel eventually regains control, the universe will return to pantheistic equilibrium.

During the Crusades, the crusading Knights-Templars occupied the Holy Land and absorbed much Jewish Cabalist lore. They learned from secret societies, such as the Islamic Assassins, how to subvert government and intimidate the masses. Corrupted, the Templars returned home to create Europes first highly organized secret society. Being master architects and builders, Templars invaded many Masonic craft guilds of Europe and infused them with Cabalist symbols and subversive intentions.

Fascination with Cabala

Throughout the Middle Ages, Jewish Cabalists sought preeminence over Gentiles through commerce, money-lending, and as practitioners of the black magic they brought from Babylon. But it was through creation of secret societies that their Cabalist influence has been most enduring and revolutionary. In her landmark book Secret Societies and Subversive Movements, historian Nesta Webster (who was publicly praised by Sir Winston Churchill) exhaustively documents Jewish Cabalist influence within those secret societies which spawned the revolutions of the last several centuries.

Here is the briefest overview of her research, along with mine.

Cabalist Jews were a powerful presence in medieval Europe. Later, in the early 16th century, Palestinian mystic Isaac Luria expanded the mystical and magical practice of Cabala. Interest in Cabala intensified among Jews throughout Spain, Italy, Germany, and the Middle East.

Further east, Cabala fueled political and religious subversion that still shakes the world.

In Khazaria, a nation of southern Russia, the khagan (king) made Judaism the national religion in 740 AD. By the mid-13th century, most of this nation of two million Jewish proselytes had migrated to adjacent Poland. There, they forgot they were ever Gentiles and became as passionate about Cabala and black arts as authentic Jews. Fantastically rich Cabalist leaders, called Baal-Shems, claimed to be temporary messiahs and commanded vast followings.

Around the middle of the 18th century, renowned Polish Cabalists including Jacob Frank and Jacob Falk moved westward to Germany, France, and England; they astonished high society with their wealth and feats of magic. They were joined by other Jewish Cabalist wonder-workers: from Portugal, the Comte Saint-Germain and a Sicilian magician and Masonic organizer, Cagliostro. There is much evidence that these and other Jewish Cabalists worked in concert, uniting Templar-inspired Masonic societies in Poland, Germany, France, Italy, and England, infusing them with Cabalist lore, symbolism, and missions to overthrow existing order.

The Illuminati

In the decades before the French Revolution, Bavarian professor Adam Weishaupt created an incredibly complex, powerful and dangerous secret society, the Illuminati. Luminism advocated the overthrow of all existing thrones and religions. It was as devoid of cabalist elements as Masonry was full of them.

We know a great deal about Luminism because, in 1785, a Bavarian courier of Weishaupt was struck dead by a lightning bolt. Police discovered from documents he carried that Illuminati already dominated Bavarian society, especially German universities. Luminist professors created the “higher criticism” of the Bible so popular among theological liberals today.

Though a Gentile, Weishaupt didn’t conceive his revolutionary order alone. Eminent Cabalist and occult historian Bernard Lazarre says, There were Jews, Cabalistic Jews, around Weishaupt. vi Certainly, Moses Mendelssohn was a devoted admirer and encourager of Weishaupt; Mendelssohn was a Jewish Cabalist and founder of modern secular Reform Judaism (out of which have sprung ADL/Bnai Brith).

History shows that though the Bavarian Illuminati was subsequently outlawed, Weishaupt worked closely with European Freemasonry for decades. Where his influence ends, no one knows.

We do know one thing: Masonic activity mushroomed during the 17th and 18th centuries. It even captivated some of Americas founding fathers. Cabalistic Luminism actively enlisted illustrious Gentiles. They were encouraged to invent their own lore, Masonic rites and degrees. Yet these useful idiots even today remain ignorant of the hidden hand manipulating their energies and idealism.

Masonic organizations also proliferated during the 19th and 20th centuries. Today, especially in government and international affairs, being a Mason of one sort or another is often vital to rapid success. A selected Yale student like John Kerry or George W. Bush knows that initiation into Skull and Bones means rapid preferment, even enablement to the presidency.

The modern world is now indoctrinated and tied together by Masonic institutions. These include the United Nations, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission, the Bilderburgers, the World Zionist Congress, ADL/Bnai Brith, and the government of Israel.

The widespread influence of Masonry leads some to falsely conclude that it is the force behind movements like liberalism, Communism, and globalism. Because ADL/Bnai Brith is led by Masons, and because many premiers of Israel have been Masons, it’s easy to argue that Masons rule Zionism and secular Judaism. Yet Masonry has always been only the most superficial manifestation of dark and hidden Judaic ambitions, rooted in Cabala.

Is Cabala relevant to Jews today?

Impeccable Jewish sources say Cabala still holds tremendous appeal for Jews. The preface to the Soncino edition to the Zohar says, The Zohar appeals to many Jews in a way that makes them regard it as the most sacred of sacred books! For it mirrors Judaism as an intensely vital religion of the spirit. More overpoweringly than any other book or code or even than the Bible, does it give to the Jew the conviction of an inner, unseen spiritual universe — an eternal moral order (p.12). During the present century, there has been a distinct revival of interest … in Kabbalah and eminent Jewish scholars have attempted to show that devotees of the mystic side of Jewish life and religion were not, as is popularly supposed, half-crazy visionaries living in a universe peopled by the figments of their own degenerate brains, but men of intellect, scholarship and sound sense who aimed at bringing back to Jewish organized communal life, a breath of that mystic sentiment and emotion which are the aromatic life essence of religion, and which are indispensable to Judaism if it is to continue to play its predestined part of bringing mankind under the wings of the shakinah (p.25). vii

Do Jews or Masons Rule Bnai Brith?

If ADL/Bnai Brith were primarily Gentile, a case might be made that Gentile Masons had thrown off Jewish influence. Yet ADL/Bnai Brith are entirely Jewish, largely consisting of Jews from liberal Reform Judaism. Despite its reputation as secular, Reform Judaism still venerates both the Cabala and Talmud.

It’s preposterous to assert that Gentile Masons, originally manipulated toward Jewish ends, now control Bnai Brith! The truth is that with recent exposure of ADL/B’nai B’rith as architects of hate laws, these Jewish organizations are squirming to get out of the spotlight. They’d be happy to shift blame to Masonry. It is not surprising, then, that such disinformation has made its way onto the airwaves and internet.

What Can We Do?

In response, lovers of truth and freedom should more than ever identify ADL/B’nai B’rith as Jewish.

World Judaism is in a bind. With the B’nai B’rith albatross around its neck, the Jewish religion and people are increasingly viewed with disfavor. This gives lovers of freedom an important advantage. The more B’nai B’rith is publicly identified as Jewish, the more likely it is that worldwide Jewry will pressure it to back off its anti-Christian, pro-hate law agenda. Already, exposing ADL as a persecutor of Christians and architects of hate laws has massively helped defeat ADL’s federal hate bill this fall.

Bnai Brith is the prime mover toward global governance and creator of the 55-nation hate crimes gestapo in Europe (the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe). OSCE works toward Bnai Briths ultimate goal: international power to extradite and indict hate criminals at will.

If we keep ADL/Bnai Brith in the hot seat of criticism from their own people, rapid advancement of their globalist, hate crimes agenda may cost them more than they want to risk. What will be the result of such a standoff?

Its called freedom.

End Notes:

i http://www.bnaibrith.org ii Secret Societies and Subversive Movements, Nesta M. Webster, p. 10 iii Zohar, Bereshith, 47a, Soncino translation, London iv Zohar, Sepher Or Israel 177b, quoted in the Talmud Unmasked, by Rev. I. B. Pranaitus, p.82 v Zohar (I, 160a), ibid p. 74-5. I have confirmed the accuracy of this translation by Pranaitus by having it translated from the original Aramaic, available in the Library of Congress. vi Webster, p. 128 vii Zohar, Soncino translation

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Bnai Brith – Truthtellers.org

AmericanWest Bank – Bellevue, WA – Yelp

Posted By on November 3, 2015


As a business-focused community bank, we take a hands-on approach. We don’t expect you to know every product and service available in banking–that’s our job. We get to know you, including understanding your short and long-term goals, and only then do we tailor lending, depository and treasury management products to suit your individual needs.

Whether it’s for you or your business, we have you covered with a robust suite of products and services, all delivered with a high-touch, community banking spirit. Plus, our excellent capital ratios afford us the opportunity to be actively lending in every market we serve.

We exist to serve business owners as well as their employees and families–those who put their heart and soul into their life’s work and just happen to build a stronger America along the way.

Established in 1974.

We are a business-focused community bank committed to providing truly exceptional customer experiences. Headquartered in Spokane, WA, AmericanWest Bank currently has $4.7 billion in assets and branches in 5 states (WA, OR, ID, CA, UT). Our banking experts can assist you by providing outstanding commercial and small business banking solutions, treasury management tools and a full line of personal banking products and services including mortgages.

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AmericanWest Bank – Bellevue, WA – Yelp

Bank of the West in Bellevue WA 98004 – Banks, FDIC Banking

Posted By on November 3, 2015

Address (for main office) 10806 Northeast Avenue & 8th Street Bellevue, Washington 98004 Classification Commercial bank, state charter and Fed nonmember, supervised by the FDIC Assets – The sum of all assets owned by this bank including cash, loans, securities, bank premises and other assets. This total does not include off-balance-sheet accounts. $125,342,000 Deposits – The sum of all deposits including demand deposits, money market deposits, other savings deposits, time deposits and deposits in foreign offices. $106,908,000 Net Income – Net interest income plus total non-interest income plus realized gains (losses) on securities and extraordinary items, less total non-interest expense, loan loss provisions and income taxes. n/a Equity capital – Total equity capital (includes preferred and common stock, surplus and undivided profits). n/a Return on assets (ROA) – Net income after taxes and extraordinary items (annualized) as a percent of average total assets n/a Pretax return on assets (Year to Date) – Annualized pre-tax net income as a percent of average assets. Note: Includes extraordinary items and other adjustments, net of taxes. n/a Return on Equity – Annualized net income as a percent of average equity on a consolidated basis. Note: If retained earnings are negative, the ratio is shown as. n/a Asset Concentration Hierarchy – A category that identifies an institutions primary specialization in terms of asset concentration n/a Bank of the West has only a main office location as listed above and no branch offices on record.

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Bank of the West in Bellevue WA 98004 – Banks, FDIC Banking

Hamas – Haaretz | Israel News

Posted By on November 2, 2015

Hamas is a militant and political Islamist group operating in the West Bank and Gaza. Hamas is designated as a terrorist organization by much of the international community, but enjoys wide support from Palestinians as a legitimate force against Israels occupation.

The movement was founded as an offshoot of Egypts Islamic Brotherhood, and in 1987 Hamas spiritual leader and founder Sheikh Ahmed Yassin established the movements military wing, which became known as Hamas. In 1988, in the wake of the outbreak of the First Intifada, Hamas published its official charter, in which it announced its departure from nonviolence in its struggle against Israel.

Hamas popularity among Palestinians comes partly from its tradition of providing welfare programs, such as schools and hospitals. The militant wing of Hamas adheres to the movements 1988 charter which calls for the liberation of all of historic Palestine, and views all lands under Israels domain as part of an Islamic Waqf, of which every inch must be liberated.

The signature of the 1993 Oslo Accords between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was viewed by the Hamas leadership inside the territories and in exile as a violation of Palestinian rights, and in 1993 Hamas launched its first suicide attack inside Israel, a practice that it would uphold from then on, causing massive Israeli civilian casualties.

Hamas leaders have long been the target of Israeli assassinations. Yassin was killed in 2004 in a missile strike as he left a mosque in Gaza. His Hamas co-founder, Abdel Rantisi, was killed weeks later in an Israeli air strike. In 1997, Hamas political leader Khaled Meshal was the target of a botched assassination attempt by agents from Israels Mossad espionage agency operating covertly in Jordan. Meshals life was saved when Israel agreed to hand over the antidote to the toxin used on him, in return for the release of the two Mossad agents caught and held in Jordan during the assassination attempt. Yassin, who was in an Israeli jail at the time, was released under the terms of the agreement.

Long-standing tensions between Hamas and the secular Fatah came to a head following the 2006 Palestinian legislative elections, which gave Hamas a decisive victory and put it in charge of the political regime in the Palestinian territories. Hamas Gaza chief, Ismail Haniyeh, was named Palestinian prime minister, but Hamas status as a terror group resulted in immediate sanctions from Israel and other Western countries. The group rejected demands to adhere to previously signed peace agreements, renounce violence and accept Israels right to exist, and the sanctions were upheld.

Meanwhile, tensions with Fatah grew as the two factions attempted to cooperate with the framework of a unity government, but when the attempt failed and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas dissolved the government, bloody clashes erupted between Hamas and Fatah in Gaza, resulting in the seizure of the area by Hamas in June 2007.

There have been numerous attempts by neighboring Arab countries to end the Hamas-Fatah rift, and form a unified Palestinian leadership. The failure of the two groups to come together has perpetuated the continuing division within the Palestinian Authority, with Fatah as de facto rulers in the West Bank, and Hamas firmly in control in Gaza.

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Hamas – Haaretz | Israel News

Hamas – ADL

Posted By on November 2, 2015

Israel & the Middle East

Hamas is a Palestinian Islamic extremist terrorist organization based in the Gaza Strip and West Bank that calls for the eradication of the State of Israel. Both theUnited Statesand the European Union have designated Hamas as a terrorist organization. Following internecine fighting between Hamas and Fatah in June 2007, Hamas controls the Gaza Strip.

Hamas (the Arabic acronym for Harakat Al-Muqawama Islamiya fi Filistin, or the Islamic Resistance Movement in Palestine) was established in 1988 by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, then a preacher with the fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood in Gaza. Its ultimate goal is the establishment of an Islamic Palestinian state ruled by Islamic theocratic law in place of the State of Israel.

The Hamas covenant, issued in 1988, is replete with anti-Semitism, and echoes the notorious Protocols of the Elders of Zion charging Jews with an international conspiracy to gain control of the world. In Hamas world-view, Islamic precepts forbid a Jewish state in the area known as Palestine, and they assert the Jewish people have no legitimate connection to the land of Israel. As its covenant proclaims, Theland ofPalestine is an Islamic trust… It is forbidden to anyone to yield or concede any part of it…Israel will continue to exist until Islam will obliterate it… To this end, the leaders of Hamas have denounced compromise withIsrael as a betrayal of the Palestinian cause.

Funding and support for the group has traditionally come from Muslim charities around the world, sympathetic sources in the Gulf and Saudi Arabia, and most importantly from Syria and Iran, although in recent years, both have stepped back somewhat due to Hamas support for the rebels in the Syrian civil war.

Hamas is both a terrorist organization and a mass social, political and religious movement. It operates schools, medical clinics and youth groups. The division of Hamas into military and political/social wings has led some observers to erroneously assume that the social wing of Hamas is completely separate from its military wing. To the contrary, funds raised for the social programs of Hamas free up other funds for the military wing. Moreover, Hamas military wing utilizes the organizations social wing for indoctrination and recruitment. The social, cultural, religious and educational institutions of Hamas, including youth groups and summer camps are well-known venues for anti-Israel and anti-Jewish hatred and have served as recruitment centers for suicide bombers.

Since 1994, Hamas has been the main organization perpetrating terrorist attacks in major Israeli cities with targets including shopping malls, cafes, buses and hotels. Its most deadly attacks include the March 2002 suicide bombing of the Park Hotel in Netanya, killing 30 and injuring 140 during their Passover seder; the August 2001 suicide bombing of the Sbarro pizzeria in Jerusalem killing 15 and injuring 130; and the June 2001 suicide bombing at the Dolphinarium nightclub in Tel Aviv, killing 21 and injuring 120, most of them youths. Following the Israeli disengagement from the Gaza Strip, Hamas has been behind the thousands of rocket attacks that have targeted Israels population centers.

Hamas entered the Palestinian political arena and secured nearly half of the municipal seats up for grabs in the January 2005 Palestinian elections. In the January 2006 parliamentary elections, Hamas had tremendous success and won 74 seats in the 132-seat legislature, with Fatah earning a disappointing 45 seats.

Following the 2006 election, Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh became Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority while Mahmoud Abbas remained President, creating a so-called unity government. The international community established a policy of isolating Hamas, and suspended financial aid to the Hamas-led Palestinian Authority until it met three conditions: recognizeIsraels right to exist, renounce the use of violence and terrorism and accept previously negotiated Israeli-Palestinian agreements. Hamas continues to refuse to comply with these conditions.

In June 2007, tensions between Hamas and Fatah reached a boiling point and violence broke out between the two groups in Gaza. Within a few days, Hamas prevailed. Palestinian Authority President Abbas dissolved the Hamas-led government and declared he would govern based on emergency powers. As a result, Gaza is administered by Hamas, and continues to be isolated by the international community. TheWest Bankis under the sole administration of the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority, which enjoys international support.

Over the years there have been a number of efforts to reconcile Hamas and the Palestinian Authority. In April 2014, the Palestinian Authority and Hamas announced a surprise reconciliation deal which included the formation of a Palestinian unity government. This Palestinian Authoritys decision effectively put an end to the nine-months of US-led negotiations between the Palestinian Authority and Israel, and soured relations with Israel. To date, however, the reconciliation agreement has not progressed and has had little impact on the ground.

According to the U.S. State Department and human rights NGOs, Hamas has restricted freedom of speech and press inGaza. The Hamas security apparatus attacks, tortures and detains those who publicly criticize its authority. Hamas affiliates have attacked journalists and other individuals, who publicly criticize their authority. Since 2007, only pro-Hamas broadcast media and PFLP-affiliated radio outlet Voice of the People have operated in Gaza. Hamas television broadcasts childrens shows which glorify suicide bombings and defame Jews, spreading anti-Semitism and hatred. Hamas also imposes its religious extremism on its people, with a morality police force, which monitors womens dress. Gender segregation is also strictly enforced couples walking together are often stopped and asked to prove that they are married, men are not allowed to work in womens hair salons and women are discouraged frompatronizing certain cafes.

Since 2000, Hamas and other Palestinian terrorist groups, have launched thousands of rocket and mortar attacks. In early years, Hamas rockets reached vulnerable southern Israeli cities such as Sderot, Ashkelon, Netivot and nearby environs, landing in or near private homes, schools and day care and recreation centers. In recent years, Hamas rockets have reached well beyond the south, reaching Tel-Aviv, Jerusalem, Beer Sheva, and even as far north as Haifa, a distance of over 85 miles from Gaza. Two-thirds of Israels civilian population (equivalent to over 200 million Americans) Jews, Muslims, Christians and others have been directly threatened by missiles from Gaza.

Hamas has constructed hundreds of smuggling tunnels underneath the border with Egypt and stockpiled an enormous cache of weapons and associated supplies. In June 2006, Palestinian terrorists, including members of the military wing of Hamas, tunneled under the border fence in the southern Gaza Strip and attacked an Israeli military installation inside Israeli borders, killing 2 Israel soldiers, and kidnapped Cpl. Gilad Shalit, age 19. Shalit was eventually released in October 2011 after over five years of Hamas captivity in exchange for over 1,000 Palestinian prisoners. In addition, in 2014 it was revealed that Hamas has constructed dozens of terror tunnels which enabled its operatives to reach inside Israel to carry out terrorist attacks and kidnappings.

On December 27, 2008, following the lapse of an agreed six month Israel-Hamas period of calm, and in response to renewed rocket attacks, Israel initiated a military operation in Gaza, entitled Operation Cast Lead. The three-week air and ground operation was intended to stop the rocket attacks on southern Israel and end Hamas smuggling of arms and related supplies.

Four years later, on November 14, 2012, Israel initiated Operation Pillar of Defense in response to intensifying rocket attacks from Gaza. The aerial military operation targeted Hamas and Islamic Jihad terrorist leadership and rocket launching and storage sites. During the 8 day operation, Hamas launched 1,506 rockets at Israeli targets. The Iranian-made and supplied Fajr-5 rockets reached as far as Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.

On July 7, 2014, following weeks of unceasing missile, rocket and mortar fire from Gaza on civilian centers in Israel, the IDF launched Operation Protective Edge targeting Hamas facilities, tunnels, weapons and leadership. The conflict lasted 50 days, with a series of short-lived cease fires breached by Hamas. Israel initially attacked Hamas targets by air, however, on July 17, Israel sent ground forces into Gaza for a period of just over two weeks in order to destroy Hamass infrastructure, including rocket storage sites and infiltration tunnels which Israel was unable to destroy by aerial attacks.

During the conflict, 4,700 missiles, rockets and mortars were fired by Hamas into Israeli cities and towns, including Sderot, Ashkelon, Tel-Aviv, Jerusalem, and even as far north as Haifa, a distance of over 85 miles from Gaza.The Syrian made M-302 missile, modeled after the Chinese WS-2, which has a range of almost 100 miles, was fired at Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem. Two-thirds of Israels civilian population (equivalent to over 200 million Americans) Jews, Muslims, Christians and others were directly threatened by missiles from Gaza. An open-ended cease fire was reached on August 26.

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Hamas – ADL