60 Terrorist Plots Since 9/11: Continued Lessons in …

Posted By on October 21, 2019

[1] The Heritage Foundation has previously cited the Los Angeles airport ticket-counter shooting in 2002 as a successful terrorist attack. Due to the fact that there remains very little information about the motivations of the perpetrator of this attack, Heritage has decided not to include this incident in this report.

[2] This Special Report uses a definition of homegrown terrorism also used by the Congressional Research Service: homegrown or domestic describe terrorist activity or plots perpetrated within the United States or abroad by American citizens, legal permanent residents, or visitors radicalized largely within the United States.

[3] Pam Belluck, Crew Grabs Man; Explosive Feared, The New York Times, December 23, 2001, http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/23/us/crew-grabs-man-explosive-feared.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[4] Fergal Parkinson, Shoe Bomber Defiant After Life Sentence, BBC, January 31, 2003, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/2712445.stm (accessed May 10, 2011), and Maria Ressa, Sources: Reid Is Al Qaeda Operative, CNN, December 6, 2003, http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/southeast/01/30/reid.alqaeda (accessed May 5, 2011).

[5] Shoebomb Plotter Given 13 Years, BBC News, April 22, 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4474307.stm (accessed September 1, 2011).

[6] Jose Padilla v. C. T. Hanft, U.S.N. Commander, Consolidated Naval Brig., United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, No. 05-6396, September 9, 2005, http://fl1.findlaw.com/news.findlaw.com/hdocs/docs/padilla/padhnft90905opn4th.pdf (accessed May 5, 2011).

[7] Profile: Jose Padilla, BBC, August 16, 2007, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/2037444.stm (accessed May 5, 2011).

[8] Rumsfeld v. Padilla, 542 U.S. 426 (2004).

[9] Kirk Semple, Padilla Gets 17 Years in Conspiracy Case, The New York Times, January 23, 2008, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/23/us/23padilla.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[10] Nathan Koppel, Appellate Court Rules Jose Padillas Terrorist Sentence Too Lenient, The Wall Street Journal, September 19, 2011, http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2011/09/19/appellate-court-rules-jose-padillas-terrorist-sentence-too-lenient/ (accessed April 17, 2012).

[11] Paula McMahon, Broward Terror Plotters Resentencing Date Delayed Again, Sun Sentinel, March 1, 2013, http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2013-03-01/news/fl-jose-padilla-sentencing-delayed-20130301_1_terrorism-plotter-jose-padilla-punitive-term (accessed June 7, 2013).

[12] Peter James Spielmann, ACLU Seeks OAS Probe of Padilla Case, Associated Press, December 11, 2012, http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/dec/11/aclu-seeks-oas-probe-padilla-case/?page=all (accessed July 3, 2013).

[13] Michael Powell, No Choice But Guilty, The Washington Post, July 23, 2008.

[14] Roya Aziz and Monica Lam, Profiles: The Lackawanna Cell, PBS Frontline, October 16, 2003, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sleeper/inside/profiles.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[15] Lou Michel, U.S. Gives Half of the Lackawanna Six a Fresh Start, The Buffalo News, August 20, 2010, http://www.buffalonews.com/incoming/article159216.ece (accessed September 2, 2011).

[16] Lackawanna Six: Ten Years Later, WGRZ TV, video, September 14, 2012, http://www.wgrz.com/news/article/181654/1/Lackawanna-Six-Ten-Years-Later (accessed June 7, 2013).

[17] United Press International, Inc., Feds: Yemen Holds Lackawanna Six Suspect, January 21, 2010, http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2010/01/21/Feds-Yemen-holds-Lackawanna-Six-suspect/UPI-30701264128869/(accessed May 5, 2011).

[18] Pakistani on US al-Qaeda Charge, BBC, August 8, 2003, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3136547.stm (accessed April 17, 2012), and Julia Preston, Man Helped Qaeda Figure, Jury Here Finds, The New York Times, November 24, 2005, http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/24/nyregion/24terror.html (accessed April 17, 2012).

[19] Idress Bakhtiar, Saifullah Parachas Continued Detention at Gitmo a Mystery, Dawn.com, June 23, 2011, http://dawn.com/2011/06/23/secret-us-cables-accessed-by-dawn-through-wikileaks-saifullah-parachas-continued-detention-at-gitmo-a-mystery/ (accessed April 14, 2012).

[20] Eric Lichtblau and Monica Davey, Threats and Responses: Terror; Suspect in Plot on Bridge Drew Interest Earlier, The New York Times, June 21, 2003, http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/21/us/threats-and-responses-terror-suspect-in-plot-on-bridge-drew-interest-earlier.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[21] Eric Lichtblau, Trucker Sentenced to 20 Years in Plot Against Brooklyn Bridge, The New York Times, October 29, 2003, http://www.nytimes.com/2003/10/29/us/trucker-sentenced-to-20-years-in-plot-against-brooklyn-bridge.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[22] Ibid.

[23] Student Convicted in Plot to Assassinate President Bush, Fox News, November 23, 2005, http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,176409,00.html (accessed April 17, 2012).

[24] American Al-Qaeda Gets Life in Prison for Bush Plot, Agence France-Presse, July 27, 2009, http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gvn6aq8ZB9yWuVbhKuVtqsFSsRwQ (accessed April 13, 2012).

[25] Jerry Markon and Mary Beth Sheridan, Indictment Expands Va. Jihad Charges, The Washington Post, September 26, 2003, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A2730-2003Sep25.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[26] Jerry Markon, Teacher Sentenced for Aiding Terrorists, The Washington Post, August 26, 2006, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/25/AR2006082500460.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[27] Markon and Sheridan, Indictment Expands Va. Jihad Charges, and News release, Virginia Jihad Member Sentenced to 121 Months in Prison, U.S. Attorneys Office, Eastern District of Virginia, July 24, 2007, http://www.justice.gov/usao/vae/Pressreleases/07-JulyPDFArchive/07/20070724benkahlanr.html (accessed May 5, 2011). Royer was sentenced to 20 years in prison, al-Hamdi to 15 years, Kwon to 11.5 years, Hasan to 11.5 years, Aatique to 10 years and two months, and Surratt to three years and 10 months. Khan was sentenced to life in prison, Chapman to 65 years, and Abdur-Raheem to 52 months.

[28] News release, Randall Todd Royer and Ibrahim Ahmed al-Hamdi Sentenced for Participation in Virginia Jihad Network, U.S. Department of Justice, April 9, 2004, http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2004/April/04_crm_225.htm (accessed May 5, 2011).

[29] News release, Ohio Man Pleads Guilty to Conspiracy to Provide Material Support to Terrorists, U.S. Department of Justice, July 31, 2007, http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2007/July/07_nsd_568.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[30] Andrew Welsh-Huggins, Ohio Mall Terrorism Defendant Deported to Somalia, Associated Press, November 19, 2012, http://bigstory.ap.org/article/ohio-mall-terrorism-defendant-deported-somalia (accessed June 7, 2013).

[31] Bomb Scare Has Echoes of Earlier Plots, CNN, June 30, 2007, http://edition2.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/europe/06/29/uk.plots/index.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[32] Al-Qaeda Plotter Jailed for Life, BBC, November 7, 2006, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6123236.stm (accessed May 5, 2011).

[33] Dirty Bomb Mans Sentence Cut, BBC, April 16, 2007, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6661371.stm (accessed April 19, 2010).

[34] Al-Qaeda Bomb Plot Commanders Team Follow Him to Prison, The Sunday Times, June 16, 2007, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article1940271.ece (accessed May 5, 2011).

[35] News release, Shahawar Matin Siraj Convicted of Conspiring to Place Explosives at the 34th Street Subway Station, U.S. Attorneys Office Eastern District of New York, May 24, 2006, http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/nye/pr/2006/2006may24.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[36] Ibid.

[37] Potential Lone Wolf Attackers Concern Police, Associated Press, August 9, 2005, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8888865/ns/us_news-security/t/potential-lone-wolf-attackers-concern-police/ (accessed May 10, 2011).

[38] Jarrett Murphy, 2 Men Snared in Missile Sting: Mosque Leaders Charged with Trying to Buy Missile from Government Informer, CBS News, August 5, 2004, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/08/05/terror/main634339.shtml (accessed May 5, 2011).

[39] United States of America v. Yassin Muhiddin Aref and Muhammed Mosharref Hossain, United States District Court for the Northern District of New York, August 5, 2004, http://fl1.findlaw.com/news.findlaw.com/cnn/docs/albany/usaref80504cmp.pdf (accessed May 10, 2011).

[40] Adam Liptak, Spying Program May Be Tested by Terror Case, The New York Times, August 26, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/26/us/26wiretap.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[41] News release, Hamid Hayat Sentenced to 24 Years in Connection with Terrorism Charges, U.S. Department of Justice, September 10, 2007, http://justice.gov/opa/pr/2007/September/07_nsd_700.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[42] U.S. v. Hamid Hayat and Umer Hayat, criminal complaint, FindLaw, June 7, 2005, http://news.findlaw.com/cnn/docs/terrorism/ushayat607056.html (accessed September 1, 2011).

[43] Carolyn Marshall, 24-Year Term for Californian in Terrorism Training Case, The New York Times, September 11, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/11/us/11lodi.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[44] Sam Stanton, Denny Walsh, and Stephen Magagnini, Divided Appellate Panel Upholds Terrorist Conviction of Lodis Hamid Hayat, The Sacramento Bee, March 14, 2013, http://www.sacbee.com/2013/03/13/5260764/divided-appellate-panel-upholds.html (accessed June 7, 2013).

[45] Four Charged with Hatching Prison Terror Plot: California Inmates Allegedly Created Extremist Muslim Gang Behind Bars, MSNBC, August 31, 2005, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9148467 (accessed May 5, 2011).

[46] Rachanee Srisavasdi, Man Sentenced for Role in Plot to Kill Jews, Attack Military Bases, The Orange County Register, August 17, 2009, http://www.ocregister.com/news/samana-168436-months-carney.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[47] U.S. Man Sentenced to 30 Years in Plot to Blow Up Pipelines, International Herald Tribune, November 6, 2007.

[48] Jeremy Grad, Reynolds Gets 30 Years in Terror Plot, Times Leader (WilkesBarre, PA), November 7, 2007.

[49] U.S. Man Sentenced to 30 Years, International Herald Tribune.

[50] Grad, Reynolds Gets 30 Years in Terror Plot.

[51] U.S. Man Sentenced to 30 Years, International Herald Tribune.

[52] United States of America v. Mohammad Zaki Amawi, Marwan Othman El-Hindi, and Zand Wassim Mazloum, The United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, Western Division, February 16, 2006, http://www.justice.gov/opa/documents/indictment_22006.pdf (accessed September 1, 2011).

[53] Ibid.

[54] Grand jury indictment for United States v. Mohammed Zaki Amawi et al., January 19, 2007, http://www.justice.gov/opa/documents/indictment_22006.pdf (accessed May 10, 2011).

[55] Mike Wilkinson and Christina Hall, 3 Charged in Terror Plot; Local Suspects Planned Attacks in Iraq, U.S. Says, Toledo Blade, February 22, 2006.

[56] News release, Three Sentenced for Conspiring to Commit Terrorist Acts Against Americans Overseas, U.S. Department of Justice, October 22, 2009, http://www.nefafoundation.org/miscellaneous/US_v_Amawi_dojprsent.pdf (accessed May 5, 2011).

[57] Attempted Murder Charges in UNC Hit-and-Run, ABC Local News, March 4, 2006, http://abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=news/local&id=3960899 (accessed June 11, 2013).

[58] State of North Carolina v. Taheri-Azar, Mohammed Reza, The Investigative Project on Terrorism, http://www.investigativeproject.org/case/176 (accessed June 11, 2013).

[59] Trial Looms for U.S. Suspect in Alleged Jihad Plot, Associated Press, May 31, 2009, http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,523578,00.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[60] Bill Rankin, Atlanta Terrorism Suspect Seeks to Represent Himself, The Atlanta JournalConstitution, March 3, 2009, http://www.ajc.com/services/content/metro/atlanta/stories/2009/03/03/terrorism_suspect.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[61] Bill Rankin, Ex-Tech Student Found Guilty on Terrorism Charge, The Atlanta JournalConstitution, June 10, 2009, http://www.ajc.com/metro/content/metro/stories/2009/06/10/terrorism_trial_tech.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[62] News release, Ehsanul Islam Sadequee Receives 17 Years in Prison; Co-Defendant Syed Haris Ahmed Receives 13 Years, U.S. Department of Justice, December 14, 2009, http://www.nefafoundation.org/miscellaneous/US_v_HarisAhmed_dojprsentencing.pdf (accessed May 5, 2011).

[63] Indictment: Suspects Wanted to Kill All the Devils We Can, CNN, June 24, 2006, http://www.cnn.com/2006/US/06/23/miami.raids/index.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[64] Peter Whoriskey, Man Acquitted in Terror Case Faces Deportation, The Washington Post, March 2, 2008, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/01/AR2008030101566.html (accessed May 10, 2011).

[65] Julienne Gage, 2nd Mistrial in Liberty City 7 Case, The Washington Post, April 17, 2008, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/16/AR2008041603607.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[66] Sears Tower Bomb Plot Leader Narseal Batiste Jailed, BBC, November 20, 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8371671.stm (accessed May 5, 2011).

[67] FBI Busts Real Deal Terror Plot Aimed at NYCNJ Underground Transit Link, Fox News, July 7, 2006, http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,202518,00.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[68] Alison Gendar and Bill Hutchinson, Assem Hammoud, Suspect in Alleged New York Tunnels Plot, Released on Bail in Lebanon, The Daily News (New York), March 17, 2009, http://www.nydailynews.com/news/us_world/2009/03/17/2009-03-17_assem_hammoud_suspect_in_alleged_new_yor.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[69] Lebanon: 2-Year Sentence in Plot to Blow Up Hudson River Tunnels, The New York Times, February 17, 2012, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/18/world/middleeast/lebanon-2-year-sentence-in-plot-to-blow-up-hudson-river-tunnels.html (accessed April 12, 2012).

[70] Rachel Martin, U.S. Uncovers Advanced Bomb Plot; U.S. Targeted, NPR, August 10, 2006, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5632570 (accessed May 5, 2011).

[71] U.S. Bomb Suspects Radicalised Quickly, The Age (Melbourne, Australia), January 25, 2007, http://www.theage.com.au/news/World/UK-bomb-suspects-radicalised-quickly/2007/01/25/1169594404433.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[72] 3 Accused U.K. Airline Liquid Bomb Plotters Found Guilty, Associated Press, September 8, 2008, http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,418643,00.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[73] Ibid.

[74] Liza Porteus, Feds Arrest Man They Say Planned to Detonate Grenades in Illinois Shopping Mall, Fox News, December 9, 2006, http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,235518,00.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[75] 35-Year Sentence for Mall Grenade Plotter, CBS News, September 30, 2008, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/09/30/national/main4490504.shtml (accessed May 5, 2011).

[76] Ibid.

[77] Top 9/11 Suspects to Plead Guilty, BBC, December 8, 2008, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7770856.stm (accessed May 5, 2011).

[78] Look in the Mirror, The Washington Post, December 13, 2010, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/12/12/AR2010121203421.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[79] Jason Ryan and Huma Khan, In Reversal, Obama Orders Guantanamo Military Trial for 9/11 Mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, ABC News, April 4, 2011, http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/911-mastermind-khalid-sheikh-mohammed-military-commission/story?id=13291750 (accessed May 10, 2011).

[80] NewsCore, Court Date Set for Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, myFox Houston, April 10, 2012, http://www.myfoxhouston.com/dpps/news/khalid-sheikh-mohammed-court-date-dpgonc-20120410-fc_19068360 (accessed April 17, 2012); Luis Martinez, Pre-Trial Hearings for 9/11 Plotters End With Few Decisions, ABC News, October 20, 2012, http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/10/pre-trial-hearings-for-911-plotters-end-with-few-decisions/ (accessed June 10, 2013); and Khalid Sheikh Mohammed 9/11 Hearing Delayed After Refusing to Respond to Judges Questions, New York Daily News, January 28, 2013, http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/khalid-sheikh-mohammed-9-11-hearing-delayed-article-1.1249689 (accessed June 10, 2013).

[81] Dale Russakoff and Dan Eggen, Six Charged in Plot to Attack Fort Dix, The Washington Post, May 9, 2007, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/08/AR2007050800465.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[82] Ibid.

[83] News release, Three Brothers Sentenced to Life Prison Terms for Conspiring to Kill U.S. Soldiers, April 28, 2009, http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2009/April/09-nsd-401.html (accessed May 5, 2011), and Judge Sentences Two More in Ft. Dix Conspiracy, Los Angeles Times, April 30, 2009, http://articles.latimes.com/2009/apr/30/nation/na-ftdix30 (accessed May 5, 2011).

[84] Anthony Faiola and Steven Mufson, N.Y. Airport Target of Plot, Officials Say, The Washington Post, June 3, 2007, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/06/02/AR2007060200606.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[85] Ibid.; JFK Terror Plot Foiled in Planning Stages, WNBC (New York), April 12, 2009; and U.S.: Unthinkable Terror Devastation Prevented, Associated Press, June 3, 2007, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/18999503 (accessed May 5, 2011).

[86] News release, Russell Defreitas Sentenced to Life in Prison for Conspiring to Commit Terrorist Attack at JFK Airport, U.S. Attorneys Office, Eastern District of New York, February 17, 2001, http://www.fbi.gov/newyork/press-releases/2011/russell-defreitas-sentenced-to-life-in-prison-for-conspiring-to-commit-terrorist-attack-at-jfk-airport (accessed May 5, 2011).

[87] News release, Imam from Trinidad Convicted of Conspiracy to Launch Terrorist Attack at JFK Airport: Defendant Plotted to Explode Fuel Tanks and Pipeline at Airport, U.S. Attorneys Office, Eastern District of New York, May 26, 2011, http://www.justice.gov/usao/nye/pr/2011/2011may26b.html (accessed September 2, 2011).

[88] Nate Raymond, Court Upholds Convictions of New York Airport Bomb Plotters, Reuters, May 31, 2013, http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/05/31/us-usa-security-jfk-idUSBRE94U0XO20130531 (accessed June 10, 2013).

[89] Lloyd de Vries, Ex-Sailor Accused of Supporting Terrorism, CBS News, March 8, 2007, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/03/08/terror/main2546508.shtml (accessed May 5, 2011); Mark Spencer, Hassan Abu-Jihaad, Former U.S. Sailor Who Leaked Navy Secrets Sentenced to Ten Years, Hartford Courant, April 4, 2009; and Kareem Ibrahim Sentenced to Life in Prison for Terror Plot to Firebomb JFK, The Huffington Post, January 14, 2012, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/14/kareem-ibrahim-sentenced-to-life-for-jfk-terror-plot_n_1206388.html (accessed April 17, 2012).

[90] NY Appeals Court OKs Ex-Sailors Terror Conviction, CBS New York, December 20, 2010, http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2010/12/20/ny-appeals-court-oks-ex-sailors-terror-conviction (accessed September 2, 2011).

[91] Robert Wielaard, Court: UK Must Delay Extraditing Britons to US, Bloomberg Businessweek, July 8, 2010, http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9GQSMO00.htm (accessed May 5, 2011).

[92] News release, Ohio Man Sentenced to 20 Years for Terrorism Conspiracy to Bomb Targets in Europe and the United States, Federal Bureau of Investigation, February 26, 2009, http://www.fbi.gov/cincinnati/press-releases/2009/ci022609.htm/ (accessed May 5, 2011).

[93] Michael Powell, U.S. Recruit Reveals How Qaeda Trains Foreigners, The New York Times, July 23, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/24/nyregion/24terror.html (accessed April 17, 2012).

[94] Sebastian Rotella and Josh Meyer, U.S.-Born Militant Who Fought for Al Qaeda Is in Custody, Los Angeles Times, July 23, 2009, http://articles.latimes.com/2009/jul/23/nation/na-american-jihad23 (accessed April 17, 2012).

[95] Al-Qaida Fighter Possible Witness at NYC Trial, NPR, April 13, 2012, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=150573613 (accessed April 13, 2012).

[96] Jonathan Dienst, FBI, NYPD Arrest 4 in Alleged Plot to Bomb NY Synagogues, NBC, May 21, 2009, http://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/FBI-Bust-Plot-Foiled.html (accessed May 5, 2011).

[97] Robert Gearty, Judge Gives Men Convicted in Bronx Synagogue Bomb Plot 25 Years in Prison but Lambasts Government, The Daily News (New York), June 29, 2011, http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-06-29/news/29737288_1_james-cromitie-bronx-synagogues-onta-williams (accessed September 2, 2011).

[98] Former Rockland Man Laguerre Payne Gets 25 Years in Newburgh Four Terror Case, LoHud.com, September 8, 2011, http://www.lohud.com/article/20110908/NEWS01/109080352/Former-Rockland-man-Laguerre-Payen-gets-25-years-Newburgh-Four-terror-case (accessed April 17, 2012).

[99] Joseph Abrams, Little Rock Shooting Suspect Joins Growing List of Muslim Converts Accused of Targeting U.S., Fox News, June 2, 2009, http://www.foxnews.com/story/2009/06/02/little-rock-shooting-suspect-joins-growing-list-muslim-converts-accused/ (accessed June 11, 2013).

[100] Ibid.

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