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White Nationalists and Neo-Nazis Applaud Recent Spate of Antisemitic Attacks – Southern Poverty Law Center

Posted By on January 11, 2020

The statements from organized racists are noteworthy due to the racialized nature of two prominent attacks that took place in December 2019: The suspects accused in both incidents are black.

Two black suspects allegedly shot and killed four people in a Jersey City, New Jersey, kosher supermarket on Dec. 11, 2019, and another allegedly attacked Hasidic Jews at the home of a rabbi in Monsey, New York, on Dec. 28, 2019. Both incidents brought renewed attention to a spike in antisemitic hate crimes taking place not only in and around New York City, but also nationwide. Hate crimes targeted Jews above any other groupin New York, Los Angeles and Chicago during 2019, according to research conducted by the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism (CSHE) at California State University, San Bernardino.

Jewish people try to reach the area where five people were stabbed at a Hasidic rabbi's home in Monsey, New York, Dec. 29, 2019. Photo by REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz

White nationalists, who regularly produce a deluge of propaganda that is both antisemitic and depicts black people as violent criminals, used the attacks primarily to focus on sharpening their attacks on Jews.

If its an altercation between a black and a white, my sympathy goes for the white, white nationalist podcaster Michael Enoch Peinovichsaid in a Dec. 30, 2019 broadcast of his show Strike and Mike. But If theres an altercation between a black and Jew, it happens differently.

Peinovich stopped short of endorsing the Dec. 28 machete attack on his show but nevertheless admitted to laughing at what he described as a video of a man punching an Orthodox Jewish person.

Neo-Nazis on the messaging app Telegram praised the attackers outright. One channel run by a pseudonymous internet personality referred to the suspects as based Synagogue Stabbers after the Monsey machete attack.

One neo-Nazi channel on Telegram attached to a group that promotes committing acts of terrorism republished a list of non-white heroes written by someone going by the name Bobby Bowie on Dec. 11, 2019. The list included the names of the suspects of the Jersey City shooter attack next to the tagline, 3 K***s, 1 Cop, referring to the victims of the attack.

Another Telegram channel that traffics in neo-Nazi propaganda posted a series of videos following the attacks that highlighted black speakers voicing criticisms of Jews, appearing to portray them as allies in a shared struggle.

Commenters on the private forum for the neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer took a similar tone about the story across dozens of posts in the aftermath of the Monsey attack.

What a fantastic end to 2019, a pseudonymous poster going by the name WhiteShariaEnforcer. Black k*** slayers sending white pills to the goyim.

White pills refers to an event that is positive or hopeful for white nationalists. Goyim refers to non-Jews.

White nationalists and neo-Nazis have been arrested for executing or plotting antisemitic acts of intimidation and even terror in recent years allegedly fueled by propaganda that dehumanizes Jews or targets them with violence.

The list of these incidents includes the Tree of Life synagogue terror attack in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in October 2018. Police arrested a 46-year-old man who frequented the extremist-friendly social media site Gab, for allegedly shooting and killing 11 people during Shabbat morning services. The accused pleaded not guilty to 19 different charges in February 2019 and is currently awaiting trial.

Police say a 19-year-old man fired his gun into a synagogue in Poway, California, in April 2019, killing one and injuring three others. The same man may have also targeted Muslims, and is suspected of setting fire to an Escondido, California, mosque in March 2019. The suspect allegedly immersed himself in hateful propaganda on the now-defunct forum 8chan, and also published a manifesto to that site heralding the attack. He pleaded not guiltyto charges of murder, attempted murder, arson and allegations of a hate crime in October 2019.

Thwarted terror plots received considerably less media attention in 2019, but still happened with relative frequency: James Reardon, an alleged white nationalist, pleaded not guiltyto charges related to making threats against a Jewish center in Youngstown, Ohio, in August 2019. Alleged neo-Nazi Conor Climo pleaded not guilty in September 2019 after the FBI arrested him on charges related to a plot to bomb Jewish and gay communitiesin Las Vegas. Richard Holzer, 27, pleaded not guiltyin November 2019 to charges related to threatening to bomb a synagogue in Pueblo, Colorado. Holzer allegedly posted pictures of himself draped in neo-Nazi symbols to Facebook prior to his arrest. All three men are currently awaiting trial.

Jewish people try to reach the area where five people were stabbed at a Hasidic rabbi's home in Monsey, New York, Dec. 29, 2019. Photo by REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz

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White Nationalists and Neo-Nazis Applaud Recent Spate of Antisemitic Attacks - Southern Poverty Law Center

Another Cyclist Injured Along Dangerous Flushing Avenue in Williamsburg – Streetsblog New York

Posted By on January 11, 2020

City & State NY is hosting a full dayNew York in Transit summiton Jan. 30 at the Museum of Jewish Heritage. This summit will bring together experts to assess the current state of New Yorks transportation systems, break down recent legislative actions, and look towards the future of all things coming and going in New York. Join Keynote Speaker Polly Trottenberg, commissioner of the NYC Department of Transportation, along with agency leaders, elected officials, and advocates. Use the codeSTREETSBLOGfor a 25-percent discount when youRSVP here!

This is what happens when city officials ignore unsafe streets right in their faces.

On Friday, a cyclist was injured when he was struck by a car driver on the nightmare portion of Flushing Avenue just east of Kent Avenue a through street and crucial bike route in a community with a long aversion to road safety projects.

The cyclist, who gave the name Anthony, was not critically injured, but the collision itself revealed the many ways in which the city has failed cyclists 29 of whom died last year:

The fact is Flushing Avenue is a death waiting to happen. Since Jan. 2018, there have been 170 reported crashes on just the three blocks between the BQE and Franklin Avenue, injuring five cyclists, four pedestrians and 33 motorists. (It is unclear if Fridays collision will even make it into the official records: Cops did not show up while Streetsblog reporter Julianne Cuba was on the scene.)

That part of Flushing Avenue is also a through street through a community which has long been at war with street safety advocates and cyclists.

The clash between the Hasidic community and the citys efforts to build out the bike network were best dramatized when the city erased a bike lane on Bedford Avenue in 2009 after complaints from Hasidic leaders.

A year earlier, the Post covered more opposition to bike lanes from religious leaders in the neighborhood.

The communitys leaders are not the only ones hostile to cyclists, as this 2013 Streetsblog article showed.

The city continues to show great deference to the neighborhoods car culture. To this day, there are no Citi Bike racks in the heart of the neighborhood and safe bike routes mysteriously do not continue through that portion of the neighborhood (see Citi Bike app, above left, and the citys bike map, above right).

Most cyclists just ride on the sidewalk hardly a solution.

We reached out to the Department of Transportation and will update this story if we hear back. Citi Bike has long declined to comment about the gaps in its service in Williamsburg.

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Another Cyclist Injured Along Dangerous Flushing Avenue in Williamsburg - Streetsblog New York

Chris Deerin: Fancy that, being a grown-up Artful Dodger with Hasidic leanings and a Sex Pistols fixation is rather fun after all – Press and Journal

Posted By on January 11, 2020

I have friends who leap, screeching with joy, whenever the opportunity to don fancy dress presents itself.

They are willing to go the full overblown hog at a moments notice weird and wonderful colours and shapes and headgear and make-up are suddenly magicked up from some secret stash. Feathers, tails, horns, wings, savage wounds, robo-limbs, coloured contacts all seem to be instantly on tap, just in case.

Me, Ive never really had the guts. Or perhaps the imagination. Or maybe Im just lazy or overly Scottish or something.

Whichever, when such an evening is proposed, based as it always is on some abstract, ludicrous theme, I feel the creative part of my mind shut down. How the hell do you dress as freedom or DNA or, I dont know, the VAR rule? Whats wrong with jeans and a carry-out and a t-shirt that was washed at some point within the past month? Evening, folks. Ive come as defeated by life.

Until this new year I had only allowed myself to be pressed into fancy dress once, many years ago. To be fair the party was at my flat, so it would have been especially grinch-like even by my standards to ignore the rules. The look was superheroes. I hummed and hawed for weeks and then on the morning of the party went to a shop in Glasgow and rented the last available Batman outfit.

This wasnt the kind of sleek, muscled container that adheres to the toned bodies of Christian Bale and the like they were all long gone. All that was left was a shabby, spongy, loose-fitting thing, the kind of onesie youd buy for a baby, with added fag burns. I was a cute, teddy-bear Batman, and none the worse for it. The only problem was that the outfit zipped up the back. As the night wore on and galactic quantities of drink were taken, my toilet trips increased in frequency and I spent more time asking people to unzip me. It wasnt deliberate whatever my then girlfriend, now wife, said later that cute batman seemed to favour attractive women to help him achieve the necessary state of deshabille.

Anyway, Ive resisted ever since, and decades have passed. When friends threw a big bash a year ago theme: Utopia/Dystopia. Eh? I put on a suit, a look of sullen resistance, and headed along. I was having quite a good time gawking at the various weirdos (one guy, puzzlingly, came as a banana. Even more puzzling, and much to his outrage, so did another guy) until I noticed the hostess glaring at me with unmistakable contempt. Shes a nice lady and Id failed her. I vowed to do better next time.

And so, this new year, came the opportunity. The same friends were hosting, and for once the theme was straightforward: steampunk. This I could do. Id read the books, watched the films. Its basically just waistcoats, goggles and a couple of random cogs, right?

As the date of the party approached, friends were swapping texts and photos about the various pieces of gear theyd ordered from around the globe, the intricate pieces of equipment theyd accessed, the exquisite attention to detail they were paying. Some had even gone to the vast warehouse of the RoyaI Opera and rented costumes. I hadnt ventured much beyond a preliminary scan of Amazon.

Inevitably and predictably, time ran out. With a few days to go, and no hope of any postal delivery getting through, I threw myself on my wifes mercy. Youve actually got plenty of suitable stuff already, she told me. Youre quite odd as it is.

She was right. I had garish tartan sta-press trousers and clumpy old engineer boots and a velvety tuxedo jacket that would all do the job. She had bought a steampunk hat that was too big I was having that, once Id ripped off the gauzy lady-bits. I bought a cheap waistcoat and borrowed a designer silk neckscarf from my mum. I sprayed my hair pink, and my daughters entertained themselves painting on eyeliner ow! and yuck! You do this every day, girls? and highlighter and the like.

In the end I dont think I looked very steampunk more like a grown-up Artful Dodger with Hasidic leanings and a Sex Pistols fixation. But I was undeniably in fancy dress. I wasnt letting anyone down.

And you know what? I loved it. I was properly part of the evening. No one glared at me. The hosts had made up their house to resemble a scene from HG Wellss Time Machine. A well-known novelist was there, dressed as what I can only describe as Little Blue Peep on a hoverboard. The banana guy was there, looking like a bodysnatcher. Another bloke had an amazing clarinet gun (half shotgun, half clarinet). A former rugby international seemed to have come as Sinbad each to their own. It was a brilliant, brilliant night.

Now I find within me an unmistakable urge to do it all again, as soon as possible. Send me your address, tell me your theme, and Ill be there, fully made-up, with dayglo hair and enough gold lame to daunt the doughtiest drag artist. Truly, a monster has been unleashed.

Chris Deerin is a leading journalist and commentator who heads independent, non-party think tank Reform Scotland

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Chris Deerin: Fancy that, being a grown-up Artful Dodger with Hasidic leanings and a Sex Pistols fixation is rather fun after all - Press and Journal

State of Washington swears in first Native American-Jewish Supreme Court justice – The Times of Israel

Posted By on January 11, 2020

KVELLER via JTA The state of Washington has sworn in its first Native American Supreme Court justice, Raquel Montoya-Lewis who also happens to be Jewish.

Governor Jay Inslee appointed Montoya-Lewis, 51, to serve on Washingtons highest court. While it is newsworthy shes the first Native American to be sworn in, as Montoya-Lewis herself said, The most important thing is that I not be the last.

Montoya-Lewis is only the second Native American person to serve on any state supreme court, ever. Her appointment was to fill a vacant seat, and runs through this fall, when she will be on the November 2020 ballot.

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Montoya-Lewis is an enrolled member of the Pueblo of Isleta Indian tribe, and a descendant of the Pueblo of Laguna Indian tribe through her father. Her mother is Jewish.

Montoya-Lewis was born in Spain in 1968, where her father was stationed as he served in the US Air Force. She attended University of New Mexico for undergrad, then University of Washington for law school. After getting her law degree in 1995, she went on to receive a masters in social work. Why? According to the Spokesman-Review, She wanted to blend her legal training with an understanding of how the law affects people.

Judge Raquel Montoya-Lewis, left, walks with Washington Gov. Jay Inslee from the Capitol Building to the Temple of Justice for her introduction as the newest member of the state Supreme Court Wednesday, December 4, 2019, in Olympia, Washington. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)

Montoya-Lewis has had a remarkable career thus far. She was a tenured professor at Western Washington University and served as chief judge for three Washington Native American tribes: the Nooksack Indian Tribe, the Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, and the Lummi Nation. She also served on the Washington Superior Court from January 2015 to December 2019.

Her appointment was announced in December 2019.

Because Judge Montoya-Lewis is Native American, many will focus on the historic nature of this appointment, Gov. Inslee said. And its entirely appropriate to do so. But I want the record to show that Judge Montoya-Lewis is the kind of exceptional judge I want serving on the highest court in our state because she is the best person for the job.

At a press conference announcing her appointment, a reporter asked Montoya-Lewis, What do you see as the biggest problem with implicit bias in the courts right now?

The biggest hurdle is getting people to understand that we all bring biases to our decision-making, that its across the board I do it, you do it, we all do, she replied. Thats often, in my trainings, the first place we have to start: to recognize that its not something to be embarrassed about, but something to recognize.

Members of the Port Gamble SKlallam Indian tribe sing and play drums during a swearing in ceremony for new Washington Supreme Court Justice Raquel Montoya-Lewis, center-right, and new Chief Justice Debra Stephens, center-left, Monday, January 6, 2020, during a swearing in ceremony in Olympia, Washington. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)

At the swearing-in ceremony earlier this month, a lawyer in attendance, Shannon Kilpatrick, tweeted that Montoya-Lewis spoke movingly about her background and experiences with a father from the Pueblo tribe and a Jewish mother and the importance of having diverse judges.

As Montoya-Lewis said of Washingtons Supreme Court building: The first thought I had was that these hallways, and those steps, were not built with people like me in my mind.

At the ceremony, there was an invocation from the president of the Quinault Indian Nation, opening and closing songs from Port Gamble SKlallam Singers, and a benediction by Rabbi Seth Goldstein, a rabbi based in Olympia, Washington.

Goldstein tweeted he was honored to offer the benediction:

Heres a short clip of Montoya-Lewis walking in:

I was raised to remember that I come from those who survived. My ancestors on both sides of my family survived genocide, survived institutional boarding schools, survived attempts to eradicate their cultures, and yet as my father reminded me often we survived, Montoya-Lewis said after her appointment. I am here because of their resilience, their courage, their intelligence, and their deep commitment to what is just.

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State of Washington swears in first Native American-Jewish Supreme Court justice - The Times of Israel

Audiences loved Fiddler on the Roof in Yiddish, but Yiddish gets no love – The Jerusalem Post

Posted By on January 11, 2020

NEW YORK Fidler afn Dakh, the Yiddish adaptation of Fiddler on the Roof, closed on Jan. 5 after a wildly successful 11-month run off-Broadway and an equally successful seven-month stint at the Museum of Jewish Heritage. Shraga Friedmans Yiddish translation of Fiddler is a miracle (of miracles) and it was a joy to see it and Yiddish celebrated not just in my little shtetl, but in the mainstream, too.

And yet, when I recently stepped onto a stage and spoke Yiddish, I was less appreciated and more iconicized. Let me explain.

I didnt even know it happened until I read about it in the newspaper afterwards. I had done something quite out of the ordinary for my life: I took a gig as a performer at a Cocktails and Klezmer evening in Philadelphia. My job was to lead the audience through some Yiddish questions and unpack a few elements of Yiddish grammar. I was the educational content in between the booze and schmooze.

If one had to locate Yiddish within the popular imagination, it would be found in the primeval Jewish throat.

The success of Yiddish Fiddler shows that Yiddish, from afar, can attain a certain symbolic stature in the public eye of the theatre class. But the intimate experience of Yiddish, up close and personal, still speaks to nothing so much as lingering discomfort, and an estrangement between observer and object.

Linguistic anthropologists Judith Irvine and Susan Gal describe those linguistic features which were believed to depict or display a social groups inherent nature or essence as iconic, hence the process of iconicization. When European anthropologists began describing the languages of southern Africa in the mid-19th century, they focused on the phonetically unfamiliar click sounds, describing them as similar to the sounds of animals, or rocks striking each other.

Clicks were a linguistic feature which indexed the peoples who used them. Drawing on the prevailing racial-scientific logic of their day, European linguists concluded that the more clicks a language contained, the more degraded or subhuman was the speaker.

I dont think Billy Crystal, or Jesse Bernstein for that matter, are expressing a personal hatred or contempt when they index Yiddish speakers by the depth of their gutturals or the volume of their phlegm. In fact, Im pretty confident theyre expressing their feelings of affection and intimacy, using the ordinary vocabulary of Jewish life, terms for which any of us might reach.

The problem is that those feelings of personal affection and intimacy are in tension with a whole bunch of received ideas about the relative worth of the language. Without even knowing it, weve all absorbed a set of intensely negative beliefs about Yiddish. The origin of those beliefs are so distant, and have become so tangled up with recent history, as to be mystified.

But, if we were to unravel those negative beliefs to their origins, I believe we would find that they lie in the very foundations of Western academia, in which Europes Jews were depicted as a deformed, corrupted Other. The first scholars to study Yiddish were German Humanists, who believed that the language was a degenerate ancestor of the evolved German they spoke. The beliefs of these scholars were clothed in the new language of science and scholarship, which made their truth all the more undeniable, even to the Yiddish-speaking Jews they diminished.

I think theres quite a bit of truth within those explanations. I would suggest that theres another, even more powerful process at work. Fiddler is one of the most beloved and well known texts in American Jewish culture, not to mention American pop culture overall. It is so well known that by attending the show in Yiddish, even non-Yiddish speakers can have the experience of direct access to a language that would otherwise be closed off to them. Yiddler bestows the feeling of bilingualism, without the risks of investing in formal language study. It is deeply, uniquely, accessible to everyone, not just a small circle of Yiddish lovers.

As much as I want to see more Yiddish language shows land off-Broadway, its unlikely that the smashing success of Yiddler will translate to similar levels of success for other Yiddish theater, or that there will be a sudden increase in American Jews signing up to learn Yiddish. For one thing, though were living in a golden age of Yiddish education, the resources and infrastructure just arent there for large numbers of people to begin learning the language. Moreover, American Jews are still Americans, and monolingualism is a powerful American value, one much stronger than the unsexy time and effort it takes to learn a second language especially a low prestige language like Yiddish. Its exhausting to have to justify to everyone why you are spending your precious time learning what is supposedly a dead (and useless) language.

The search for roots and longing to connect still has to compete with our internalized distrust of the very things we are seeking. I was only half-surprised recently to see a just for fun social media posting addressed to fellow Jews, asking us to share the old country names we thought sounded the most awful or embarrassing. My heart broke at the thought of Tevye ending up on this persons list.

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Audiences loved Fiddler on the Roof in Yiddish, but Yiddish gets no love - The Jerusalem Post

On Olga Livshin’s A Life Replaced and Olga Zilberbourg’s Like Water and Other Stories – lareviewofbooks

Posted By on January 11, 2020

JANUARY 11, 2020

WHEN ANNA AKHMATOVA wrote, in her fifth Northern Elegy, that her life had been replaced, she had recently turned down a marriage proposal. She returned to Leningrad to find that her lover had married someone else, a woman who was now carrying what could have been Akhmatovas only legal name. The prospect of replacing her own funny moniker of a pen name (she had been born with the surname Gorenko) was one of the main things that had attracted the poetess to the match. But she decided to go another way. She chose a different life, yet still longed for the one she had refused. She kept imagining what it would be like to have both the man and the name.

Like a river, / I was deflected by this bitter era, Akhmatova wrote, in Olga Livshins elegant translation. It was 1945, the midpoint of a century that she wrote was worse than any before it. To be deflected is to be intercepted, to be forced to change course by someone or something. It is to never arrive at a foretold destination. These are the opening lines of Akhmatovas fifth Northern Elegy, in which she traces the direction her life could have taken: The spectacles that I was forced to miss: / o, how the curtain rose without me, fell / the same way. The contours of her unlived life emerge in painful clarity before her. This life which might have been lived is very concretely realized, taking on nearly as much solidity as the life which the persona does live, which is almost exclusively conveyed by descriptions of what it is not, Alexandra Harrington writes of the poem. Akhmatova mourns the loss of her almost-life alongside the continuous, monumental loss of her era. She lives across and in between her two lives, real and imagined. The world unfurls before her and she tries not to think only of what could have been.

Two new works by Russian-American authors reinterpret Akhmatovas fifth elegy. In her inventive new collection of poems with translations, A Life Replaced, Olga Livshin writes in conversation with Akhmatova, using the older poets grief as a guide to navigate the depressing present. In a poem titled Newscast Akhmatova, Livshin addresses our great poetic mother, wondering what news she would like to receive from this darkening century:

Her century swelled with the inequities of all the previousones. I grew up there at the end of a revolution thatoverflowed for seventy years was rocked with the tight-lippedgrief of her poems quoted by my mother, who had her face whose face I now wear.

What news for her would make an adequate reply?

The news infiltrates Livshins poems: she writes of immigrants dying at the border, bomb threats at school, shooting after shooting. When a Russian-American walks away from her American home / [] When she stops by a church and American God is out to lunch, begins another one of her poems. She wonders what it means to be Russian-American in a nation where the word Russian has become a simple stand-in for all manner of sins. The displacement Akhmatova wrote of becomes, for Livshin, a way of exploring the experience of Soviet immigrants in the United States. Like Akhmatova, they were deflected from their anticipated futures. Like Akhmatova, they made a choice. A Life Replaced explores the contours of this shared condition, considering how Livshins own Soviet past, and the pasts of her fellow-travelers, inflect their shared American present. The futures-that-could-have-been follow them along their westward journey.

This book is an attempt to see the United States as a complex country, a place of compassion and tribalism and social justice and intense hatred, Livshin writes in the preface. She sets out to explore and perhaps reclaim what certain versions of my native culture might mean. Examining how Americans think of Russia and Russianness tells her more about her new country than her old one. She speaks of Russian life and culture with affection, and with a wink: I do not mean to suggest that it is possible to forget the Russia that intervenes in other countries under the slogan of pan-Slavism. I do not wish to push it all aside and start celebrating Russian tea and cookies and dare I say ballet?

A Life Replaced is an impressive feat of translation. Livshins original poems appear between and in conversation with her renderings of work by Akhmatova and contemporary migr poet Vladimir Gandelsman. Both writers cherish the wild authenticity of childhood and adolescence, she writes. They see those years as a rich source of the sensual feeling of life-as-is. Their voices allow her to reclaim the past that was once hers. The time of their childhoods was a time before the end of history, a time when joy and lightness could expressively accompany Russianness without much explanation. Translating them, she writes, sparked a fire that is helping her survive this particular winter.

Gandelsman writes of life in chosen exile, playing with the particular intonations of Russian-American English. Now, this, / as they call it, is a beeldeeng, / this is garbage; nothing this, goes his Immigrant Ditty. On the next page is Livshins riff on Gandelsmans poem. The immigrants in her story come not from Moscow but from Latakia, Syria, and find themselves in the ass-crack / of exile, the beak of flight, light turned around / by running webbed feet. Their faces have the signature look of exile, that patina-coated profile. Whenever and wherever they arrive, they will always be too late. Livshin writes, of Gandelsman, that he treats the slow dying of the self that happens to so many middle-aged immigrants in the United States with candor and acmeistically expressive detail, referring to the early 20th-century Russian poetic movement, Acmeism, of which Akhmatova was a prominent representative. This slow dying stems from a failure of translation. Generation zero cannot pass down everything mushrooms, kasha varnishkes, cheburashkas to generation one. During one of their Russian lessons, Livshin imagines how her own child might question the direction in which she steered their lives: I read in Russian, my son asks in English, she writes. Why did you leave that wonderful place?

What should one tell ones children of a former life? How much should be passed down? How much can be? These questions also animate Olga Zilberbourgs new book of short fiction, Like Water and Other Stories, her first collection published in the United States. In her artist statement, Zilberbourg explains that she wrote these stories shortly after giving birth to her first child, and that, accordingly, [t]hey invite the reader to consider the way becoming a parent turns ones lived experience into a battleground for potential identities. Her protagonists are all young women, many of them Russian, most of them living in the United States and finding themselves hitting a wall. They are graduate students in comparative literature, adjunct professors, new lawyers, medical residents, and headhunters. They miscarry, mother, and strive; they watch their lovers and parents and mentors come and go. One of Zilberbourgs heroines, newly graduated from college and desiring to learn more about her heritage, goes to live with an elderly Russian woman in a nearby town. When that experience does not suffice, she goes to St. Petersburg, where she catches the flu, gets groped, and feels alienated and stonewalled by the citys bureaucracy. I was back in the United States within a month, our heroine admits. She discovers that the city of her parents owes her nothing, that it is not required to open itself up to those who were deflected from its path.

Zilberbourg relentlessly confronts her characters with the lives they could have had. These women come into focus only when they encounter figures from their abandoned pasts. Elsewhere they can appear slightly underdeveloped; their many similarities sometimes make their story lines blur a bit. One story follows Oksana, a young Russian single mother who has built a new life in San Francisco. One day, the father of her child shows up in town. Heres how Californian Oksana has become: she meets him for coffee, Zilberbourg writes. The man asks about the child and then requests that Oksana help him with his job hunt. In another story, a nameless heroine considers how to reply to a tasteless email from a childhood friend who still lives in the Russian town where they both grew up. The friend apparently thinks she might still enjoy a good Jewish joke. I am to this day the only Jew she knows or thinks she knows well enough, our heroine thinks to herself. Is this Oksana, or someone else? Perhaps it doesnt matter: I do not now nor have I ever practiced Judaism; if, in my Soviet passport, Jewish was listed as my nationality, she, of all people, might remember how little meaning there was for me in this accident of my biography. I havent even suffered for it. She considers replying with a gentle admonishment, but then sends just a wry I love you too and an emoji.

In the titular story, Like Water, another nameless heroine, an adjunct lecturer in Russian literature and culture, remembers what it was like to watch a terrible performance of Pushkins Eugene Onegin with her school friends in Leningrad. [E]ven as a fifteen-year-old [] I knew that the joy my friends and I shared was the other side of terror, born of the spectacle of degradation and loss, she thinks. A star bursts, an empire falls, a ball of fire streaks across the sky. For us, its witnesses, this could be a once-in-a-lifetime event [] The year was 1990, the future, impossible to tell. Twenty-seven years later, on Pushkins birthday, our narrator finds herself at an Akhmatovian impasse, reflecting upon the spectacles that she was forced to miss. To mark the occasion, she posts a story to her Facebook wall about that day at the theater in Leningrad. Her friends respond, reliably and amiably. All are now migrs scattered around the globe except for one. Tatiana, one of her oldest friends, makes a confession: that day at the theater, she writes, was the moment I fell in love with you. She means it. How could it be? Once upon a time, as girls, they had imagined building a house on an island and living there together. At 42, with a husband and children and housework, our heroine considers what her life might have become if only she had considered that women did not need to be with men. She looks up tickets to Tatianas home.

Another story nests inside this narrative. In this story, an elderly couple of Soviet immigrants are ordered by their doctor to drink 16 ounces of water per day. The couple resists plain water makes them queasy. But they try to follow the doctors advice: they fill a mug with water, put it on their kitchen table, and take turns sipping it throughout the day. They return to the doctor and report: [W]ere afraid your advice comes too late. Water is not for us. We drink tea. It is too late for them to assimilate to the American way, just as it is too late for our heroine to experiment with Tatiana. Water isnt for me, she concludes. But she cannot forget that water is there, an unexplored option, an unlived life. Like Akhmatova, she cannot help but imagine all that could have been. For both Livshin and Zilberbourg, the immigrant condition is this kind of permanent deflection. Their words remind the reader that the dream of assimilation is first a fantasy and then a triumph before it is finally a loss.

Linda Kinstler is a writer based in Berkeley, California.

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On Olga Livshin's A Life Replaced and Olga Zilberbourg's Like Water and Other Stories - lareviewofbooks

As good a time as any, Trump team eyes releasing Mideast peace plan ahead of Israeli elections – Jewish Insider

Posted By on January 11, 2020

Good Wednesday morning!

On Capitol Hill, Top administration officials will brief members of Congress on the situation with Iran. More below.

In Albany, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo will deliver his state of the state address. Rabbi Chaim Rottenberg of Monsey will deliver the invocation.

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Iranlaunchedmore than a dozen ballistic missiles atIraqi military baseshousing U.S. troops last night in retaliation for the U.S. killing of Qassim Soleimani last week. President Donald TrumptweetedAll is well! and So far, so good! as the Pentagonindicatedthat there were no American casualties in the attacks.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zariftweetedthat Iran does not seek escalation or war, but will defend ourselves against any aggression. Zarif said the retaliatory attack had concluded and called it proportionate measures.

Trump saidhe plans to make a statement this morningabout the ongoing situation in Iran. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said yesterday that the U.S. will not be withdrawing troops from Iraq, though the administration isreportedlydrawing up potential sanctions against Iraq if it orders the expulsion of U.S. troops.

Explain yourself:The House Committee on Foreign Affairs, chaired by Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY), hasinvited EditSignSecretary of State Mike Pompeo to appear before a hearing next week on From Sanctions to the Soleimani Strike to Escalation: Evaluating the Administrations Iran Policy.

Window for diplomacy:Pompeohas ordereddiplomats to limit any contact with Iranian opposition groups, including Mujahedeen-e-Khalq (MEK), which maintains close ties with Trump attorney Rudy Giuliani. The directive warns that meetings with such groups could jeopardize U.S. diplomacy with Iran.

Brian Hook, the special representative for Iran and a senior policy advisor,reiterated the administrations stance during a news conference at the Simon Wiesenthal Center yesterday. Calling Suleimani the deadliest terrorist in the world, Hook said, We do not make a distinction between the Iranian regime and the proxies it organizes, trains and equips around the Middle East.

2020 watch:Democratic presidential frontrunner former Vice President Joe Bidensaidlast night at a fund-raiser that he is praying, as we speak, that [Trump is] listening to his military commanders for the first time, because so far that has not been the case. At a rally in Brooklyn, Sen. Elizabeth Warren said the attack on U.S. troops is a reminder of why we need to de-escalate tension in the Middle East. The American people do not want a war with Iran.

Now were alone:BidentellsNBC News Lester Holt that relations with Iran deteriorated after Trump pulled out of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, explaining: We had a united front relative to Iran until the time he walked away from a treaty that was functioning. He added, We were together. Now, were alone.

In other news:A Ukrainian Airlines Boeing 737 flight from Tehran to Kyiv burst into flames andcrash landedshortly after taking off from Tehran in the early hours of Wednesday morning, killing all 180 passengers on board. The first reports indicated that the crash occurred due to technical problems. The Ukrainian embassy in Iran initially posted a statement on its website that the crash was not caused by terrorism or rockets; that post was later removed and replaced with a new statement saying that it was too early to conclude the crashs cause. Also last night, a 4.9 magnitude earthquake struck southern Iran near the Bushehr nuclear plant.

The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) is holding a hearing this afternoonon how the U.S. and the international community can counter the growing threat of antisemitism around the world on Capitol Hill.Watch live hereat 1:30 p.m. EST.

Sen. Jacky Rosen (D-NV), co-chair of the Senate Taskforce for Combating Anti-Semitism, will deliver opening remarks. When antisemitism and bigotry occur, it is critical that we not allow ideological or partisan thinking to blur our perspective of what is right and what is wrong. Combating hate is always a nonpartisan issue, Rosen is expected to say, according to excerpts obtained byJewish Insider. As members of Congress, it is our responsibility, to our neighbors, to our friends, and to our children, to eradicate this evil.

Panelists includeSpecial Envoy on Antisemitism Elan Carr; Dr. Ahmed Shaheed, the U.N. special rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief; Holocaust historian and author Deborah Lipstadt; Gary Bauer, a USCIRF commissioner; the ADLs Sharon Nazarian; and Rabbi Abraham Cooper of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, among others.

Fight it out:Lipstadt, the Dorot professor of Modern Jewish History and Holocaust Studies at Emory University, shared a preview of her testimony with JI. The hatred that is antisemitism can best be compared to a herpes virus, a disease that cannot be cured, according to Lipstadt. There are no easy correctives, no magic pills, and no silver bullets. This fight might be one that can never result in total victory. The roots of this hatred may be too deeply embedded to ever be fully eradicated. However, we must act as if we will be able to achieve that victory. The costs of not doing so are too great.

Heard last night:In a panel on antisemitism hosted by the UJA-Federation of New York at Central Synagogue, Carr discussed recent efforts by the far-right to drive a wedge between African American and Jewish communities: There are far-right neo-Nazi groups [that] are undertaking internet campaigns to turn African Americans against Jews You have neo-Nazis that are creating they have an actual operation for this, and the name of the operation, Im not going to repeat it here because it contains deplorable ethnic slursspecifically a far-right operation to turn [the African American community against the Jewish community], and its despicable.

The Trump administration isreportedly consideringrolling out its long-delayed Mideast peace plan ahead of the March 2 elections. White House Mideast Envoy Avi Berkowitzmet withIsraeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Blue and White leader Benny Gantz this week during Berkowitzs first trip to Israel in his new role.

Why it matters:The political component of the peace plan was delayed twice last year after Israel failed to form a coalition governmentand is now heading to a third consecutive election. Former Mideast peace envoy Jason Greenblatttold JI last monththat it was the correct decision at the time not to release the plan in the midst of an election process and a government formation process.

What changed?A former U.S. official tells JIs Jacob Kornbluh that in order to keep the plan viable, the administration would have to release it by spring, ahead of Trumps reelection battle. While the White House wanted to wait until the Israeli elections are over, the official explained, there seems to be no end in sight. The former official suggested that releasing it in the coming months would be as good a time as any.

In the drivers seat:Following the Trump administrations policy reversal on settlements and Netanyahuspushto get U.S. support for the annexation of the West Bank, the plan rollout could benefit the embattled prime ministers campaign, if its contents are favorable to his right-wing base.

Red light for Blue and White:According to Nimrod Novik, a fellow at Israel Policy Forum and former advisor to Shimon Peres, releasing the plan will help Netanyahu divert from his legal situation. Novik said it could also siphon votes from right-wing parties to the benefit of Likud, andhas the potential of motivating a tired base to go out to vote.

View of Jerusalem:Netanyahu, speaking at the Kohelet Policy Forum conference today at the Menachem Begin Heritage Center in Jerusalem, said, There is a window of opportunity; it opened, but it could close. However, during a press conference on Wednesday, Gantz expressed his hopes that the administration would not release the plan before the elections. This would be a blatant and real intervention in the election process, he said.

Early Warning Signs:Sara Bloomfield, director of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, discusses the lessons of the Holocaust and the warning signs of hatred and facism inan interviewwithThe Washington Posts Rachel Manteuffel. Nazis didnt fall out of the sky in January 33, she explains.[WashPost]

Cash Reserves:The Atlantics Edward-Isaac Doveredelvesinto the far-reaching consequences of billionaire and 2020 contender Michael Bloombergs spending habits. What he finds is that Bloombergs spending on his campaigns pales in comparison to the money he poured into pushing certain policies.[TheAtlantic]

Profiles in Courage:The New York TimesprofiledCapt. Kavon Hakimzadeh, an Iranian-American who after fleeing Iran as a child in 1979 now commands the aircraft carrier USS Harry Truman in the Persian Gulf.[NYTimes]

Beating Expectations:The long-awaited $5 billion American Dream mega-mall in New Jerseyhas securedan almost 90% lease rate, nearing full capacity ahead of its opening in the spring.

On the Job:DP World, the Dubai ports operating giant, hashiredex-Mossad agent Ari Ben-Menashe to lobby the U.S. government on its behalf.

Protest Vote:Polish President Andrzej Duda said Tuesday that hedeclinedan Israeli invitation to attend a forum in Yad Vashem marking the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz because he was not given a speaking slot.

Never Forget:A record 2.3 million visitorstouredAuschwitz in 2019, the museum said yesterday.

Hatred Lives:At least a dozen graves in a Jewish cemetery in southwest France were discoveredvandalizedon Tuesday.

Heavy Hitters:The Bloomberg presidential campaign hassecureda 60-second commercial spot, worth $10 million, to run during the Super Bowl next month. The goal is to get under Trumps skin, the campaign told theNYTimes. The Trump campaign alsopurchasedspots worth $10 million expected to run early in the game.

Hollywood:Longtime Hollywood exec Howard Kurtzman isretiringas business operations leader at 20th Century Fox TV, and will be replaced by Carolyn Cassidy.

Funny Man:Ultra-Orthodox British comedian Ashley Blaker is set toriff onantisemitism and Jewish rituals in a new off-Broadway show called Goy Friendly at SoHo Playhouse next month.

Winning the Battle:The Ninth Circuit Court of AppealsupheldArizonas anti-BDS law on Monday, vacating the preliminary injunction that kept the state from enforcing the legislation.

Phone Addiction:The judge in Harvey Weinsteins rape trialthreatenedto throw him in jail on Tuesday after he was caught using two cellphones in the Manhattan courtroom defying previous warnings to put the devices away.

Roll Call:The American Historical Associationvoted downtwo anti-Israel measures at their annual meeting over the weekend.

New Owner: Hedge fund manager Israel Englanderpurchasedan Upper East Side townhouse tied to the Sackler family for $38 million.

Behind Bars:Elliot Kline, the organizer of the deadly 2017 white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, has beenjailedfor failing to comply with court orders in a federal lawsuit.

Defiant Hater:Jersey City school board member Joan Terrell-Paige, who called Jews brutes after the Jersey City shooting, isrefusingto step down weeks after state officialscalledfor her ouster.

Whatcha Hiding?The Forwardclaimsthat its repeated efforts to obtain records about antisemitic crimes in New York City have been foiled by the NYPD.

Words Matter:Israels Sephardi Chief Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef has set off afirestormin Israel after he was recorded calling Russian immigrants communist, religion-hating non-Jews.

Bon Appetit:Impossible Foodsannouncedon Monday new fake pork and sausage products for the first time since it launched the first plant-based burger in 2016. But does it hold up? A Muslim reportersampledthe latest fake-meat product.

Distance Dining:Eaterincludedthe Israeli city of Akko on its list of the 19 best global food destinations for 2020.

Tragedy:A 68-year-old Orthodox Jewish womanwas killedyesterday after being struck by a cement truck in Borough Park.

Remembering:Elizabeth Wurtzel, the author of 1994s groundbreakingProzac Nation,diedyesterday of breast cancer at age 52.

Reps. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL) and Ted Deutch (D-FL)hostedan interfaith roundtable discussion on antisemitism and Holocaust education at the Jewish Federation of Broward County in Florida on Tuesday.

VP of wealth management at GCG Financial in Deerfield, IL, he was an NFL tight end for the Bears and Vikings (1988-1994),Brent Novoselskyturns 54

Talmudic scholar living in Bnei Brak, Israel, widely acclaimed as the leader of the Haredi community, HaravChaim Kanievskyturns 92 Actor and comedian,Larry Storchturns 97 Sociologist at the American Enterprise Institute, one of his controversial books discussed the high average IQs of Jewish people,Charles Murrayturns 77 Moscow-born classical pianist, living in the U.S. since 1987,Vladimir Feltsmanturns 68 Founder and chief investment officer of Pzena Investment Management,Richard Rich Pzenaturns 61 Co-founder and co-owner of Pizza Shuttle in Milwaukee, Wisconsin,Mark Goldturns 57Founder and president of DC-based Professionals in the City,Michael Karlanturns 52

Attorney, patron of contemporary art, she is the founder and CEO of lobbying firm, Invariant,Heather Miller Podestaturns 50 Former state senator in Maine (2008-2016),Justin Loring Alfondturns 45 Singer-songwriter, musician and actress, she was the lead singer and rhythm guitarist for the indie rock band Rilo Kiley,Jenny Lewisturns 44 Public policy program manager for Facebook, she was previously deputy director of the White House Council on Women and Girls for President Obama,Avra Siegelturns 38 Dayton, Ohio native, former deputy editor ofNewsweek, he was previously atTheNew York Timesand theWall Street Journal,Ross M. Schneidermanturns 38 Actor, screenwriter and director, he is a son of film director Barry Levinson,Sam Levinsonturns 35

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As good a time as any, Trump team eyes releasing Mideast peace plan ahead of Israeli elections - Jewish Insider

The Daf Yomi celebrations: Inspiring, but more unity is needed – The Jerusalem Post

Posted By on January 11, 2020

It has been a week filled with celebrations of the completion of the 13th cycle of Daf Yomi, as tens of thousands of Jews worldwide completed the 2,711 pages of the Babylonian Talmud after studying one page per day for seven-and-a-half years.The most impressive siyum meaning finishing, the word used to describe the celebration of completing a section of Torah study took place at Metlife Stadium in New Jersey, where 92,000 people attended to rejoice over this accomplishment. The Barclays Center in Brooklyn held another 20,000, and arenas and convention halls in Israel were also filled on consecutive nights as part of the many celebrations.As inspiring as it was to see so many people completing the entire Talmud and celebrating the study of Torah, the fact that there were so many separate and disconnected siyums demonstrates a disheartening level of polarization in our nation.Shas, the ultra-Orthodox Sephardi party, held its own siyum in the Payis Arena in Jerusalem. United Torah Judaism, representing the Ashkenazi ultra-Orthodox population, held its own celebration in the same arena on a different night. The religious Zionist community held its siyum at the Jerusalem Convention Center, and in an amazing, new development, there was a siyum held for women at the Convention Center a few nights later. When Rabbi Meir Shapiro first proposed the idea of Daf Yomi in August 1923 in Vienna at the First World Congress of the Agudat Israel organization, he told the audience: What an incredible thing. A Jew travels by boat and takes the tractate about blessings under his arm. He travels for 15 days from the Land of Israel to America, and each day he learns the daily page. When he arrives in America, he enters a place of worship in New York and finds Jews learning the same page that he studied that day, and he gladly joins them. Another Jew leaves the States and travels to Brazil or Japan, and he first goes to the synagogue where he finds everyone learning the same page that he himself learned that day. Could there be greater unity than this?There is no doubt that Daf Yomi has generated unity. That everyone participating in this project is literally on the same page as everyone else who is learning it wherever they go is nothing short of remarkable. And I understand that there is no one location that can hold the close to 200,000 people who participated in the various major celebrations. But imagine if all would come together in one major siyum held in different venues but connected to one another via technology. The siyum at Metlife was shown via video to dozens of other locations, and the big screen at the stadium showed footage of people celebrating simultaneously in numerous US cities and Israel.Now imagine if that was broadened beyond the network of Agudat Israel, which arranged that incredible event. Imagine if that celebration connected to arenas and stadiums throughout Israel with mixed crowds made up of Shas, United Torah Judaism and religious Zionist populations. Imagine if at Metlife Stadium and Barclays Center there were rabbis from Yeshiva University and non-yeshivish communities on the dais alongside the Agudah rabbis. That type of unity would be the ultimate fulfillment of the unity which Rabbi Shapiro described. We now have seven-and-a-half years to try to correct this flaw. Despite all the disagreements and differences of focus and approach of the various populations, there is no reason why all cannot come together for one, unified, interconnected siyum of the Talmud. I plan to do everything I can to try to make this happen, and call on anyone who wants to get involved in this effort to be in touch with me.It is likely that we wont succeed. But at least we will be able to say that we didnt remain silent in the face of such polarization, and that we tried to bridge the gaps, heal the wounds and coordinate an incredible sign of Jewish unity at a time when unity is what we so desperately need.The writer served as a member of the 19th Knesset.

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The Daf Yomi celebrations: Inspiring, but more unity is needed - The Jerusalem Post

By the Volga, we sat down and wept for Zion – Ynetnews

Posted By on January 11, 2020

My grandfather always used to say to me: "In Russia, I was a Jew; but here, I'm a Russian."

It took me a while to fully grasp what he meant. I guess growing up in a migrant town didn't help. To this day, almost all of my friends from home are either Russian-born or first-generation Israeli from Russian families.

Jews in the Soviet Union boarding a plane to Israel

You never really grasp the idea that somehow you are different. We talk with each other, throw Russian slurs and slang freely and everyone understands. We all eat the same food. Borscht, pelmeni, kvass, and ikra were on everyone's table.

I spoke Hebrew, went to school and learned about David Ben-Gurion and Haim Bialik, wore a school shirt with Hebrew lettering. But inside, it's all Dostoevsky and Russian 1980s culture.

I'm an Israeli Russian. Simple, right?

Unfortunately, that is not good enough for some.

Chief Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef's racist and infuriating statements on Monday are just an example of Israel and the failure and reluctance of its natural-born population to look at us as equals.

I could go on about how I served in the army, that I study at a college in Israel, that my girlfriend is a fifth-generation Israeli and how much I love hummus.

But I certainly don't need to explain myself or my brothers and sisters of former-USSR stock.

Jews in the Soviet Union were always seen as different. When we migrated en masse in the 90s, Israel didn't know how to cope. They dispatched us to various towns and villages on the periphery and thought we would blend in - just as the immigrants who came before us did.

Surprise: that didn't happen.

Soviet Jewry suffered for more than a century a complete disconnect from the Jewish world.

Jews were at the forefront of the Bolshevik movement, not because they were "gentile communists", as the rabbi likes to call us. They joined the socialist ranks because they were scum in the eyes of the tsar.

They founded a new home in the east and began making their lives better. The Bund, the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, Sergey Eisenstein; all the result of a new age for the Jews.

But then the hammer and sickle were used against us. First by the Nazis and then by the Russians who we fought to be brothers in the fight for a new world. Our identity was choked and suffocated to almost non-existence. So, we did what Jews do best - we survived.

Three former Prisoners of Zion. L-R: Rabbi Yosef Mendelevitch, Yuli Edelstein and Natan Sharansky

(Photo: David Rubinger)

In our hearts, we knew we were Jewish, even if the anti-Semites in the USSR never forgot to remind us.

Yuli Edelstein and Natan Sharansky gave up whatever freedom they had left for the right to be with their true brethren, the Jews of Israel. They were heroes and when the Berlin Wall fell, we came - all those millions of us.

We came to this new homeland, for my family, a return to what we thought was a loving embrace 2,000 years in waiting.

Slowly reality hit us hard. Working 14 hours a day for peanuts, in jobs that didn't fit our education and the state leaving us to our devices, except when beneficial to them.

We realized the old Soviet reality was back, so many begun to crawl into their shell, the only place where we could be happy. The food, the culture, and the language were an escape for us. A way to remain sane in an insane situation.

Time passed and we thought we had become normal - Israelis like everyone else. We have lawmakers in the Knesset, senior army officials, and academics and doctors.

But for some, it's not good enough. For some, we are a horrible mistake and heresy that should have never descended upon the Holy Land's shores.

We brought with us a rich tradition and culture that might not be Jewish by the book, but what is being Jewish anymore?

A Red Army veteran marches in the Victory Day event in Haifa, May 2019

(Photo: Haifa Municipality)

People such as the chief rabbi need to wake up. This is the inherent beauty of Judaism, its multitude of flavors and variations. No one honestly believes that a Sephardi Jew in Tel Aviv is the same as an Ashkenazi Jew in Brooklyn or a Kochini Jew in India.

I don't care about the primitive thoughts of the rabbi or any of his acolytes. We will keep working hard and keep sacrificing ourselves for what we believe.

I am an Israeli Russian. You can say whatever you want, but I am Israeli and I am a Jew, even if it doesn't fit your mold.

Liran Friedmann is a writer and editor at Ynetnews


By the Volga, we sat down and wept for Zion - Ynetnews

Violent acts weigh on Jewish youth | News, Sports, Jobs – The – Lewistown Sentinel

Posted By on January 11, 2020

AP photo Chana Blum, 14, recites a blessing after lighting candles for Shabbat dinner Jan. 3 in her family's home in New York. Two days later, Blum joined her older sister at the No Hate, No Fear solidarity march organized by New Yorks Jewish community in response to the recent string in anti-Semitic attacks.

NEW YORK (AP) When a man spewed anti-Semitic slurs and spat on her face, Shoshana Blum remembered her ancestors who survived the Holocaust, and instead of looking down she defiantly stared at him eye to eye.

The 20-year-old junior at City College of New York left the subway in tears. But months after the attack, she continues to wear proudly the same Star of David necklace she wore that day, and on Sunday, she joined thousands of people in a solidarity march against a rise in anti-Semitism and acts of hate.

Its important to stand strong in my Judaism, she said. If this is whats happening when were out being proud Jewish people, whats it going to be like if were afraid and in hiding?

Many young Jewish people in the United States say their generation is searching for ways to cope with an alarming string of recent anti-Semitic attacks across the country.

The No Hate, No Fear march on Sunday came as a response to anti-Semitic violence, including the targeting of a kosher grocery in Jersey City, New Jersey, and a knife attack that injured five people at a Hanukkah celebration north of New York City.

We thought that anti-Semitism was a thing of the past. We learned about it but never thought we would live in it, said Rabbi Jon Leener, 31, who runs Base BKLYN, a home-based ministry that aims to reach out to millennials and Jews of all backgrounds. He attended Sundays solidarity march and published a photo with his three-year-old son on his shoulders. They held a banner that read: I love being Jewish because I love Shabbat.

In the past five years, Leener and his wife, Faith, have welcomed thousands of people into their home-based ministry rooted in openness. Minutes before a class or a Shabbat dinner, he always walked to the front door and unlocked it because the couple believes in a Judaism where no door is shut or locked.

This is all changing now. After Pittsburgh, after Poway, after Halle (Germany), after Jersey City, after Monsey we no longer keep the door unlock(ed), he recently said on Facebook.

Visitors now must buzz in and Leener installed a security camera for the front door.

Im angry that this is our new reality. I hate that anti-Semitism is changing how I practice and share my Judaism to the world, he said.

Anti-Semitic attacks rose worldwide by 13% in 2018 compared to the previous year, according to a report by Tel Aviv Universitys Kantor Center for the Study of Contemporary Jewry. The report recorded nearly 400 cases worldwide, with more than a quarter of the major violent cases taking place in the U.S.

The surge of violent attacks on the Jewish community, most recently in Monsey, New York, have caused consternation nationwide.

After the stabbing in Monsey, I told my mom, This is crazy. He was arrested less than a mile from here, while we were at Shul (synagogue) and celebrating Hanukkah, said Blum, who was raised in Chabad-Lubavitch, an Orthodox Jewish Hasidic movement.

The first time that Blum witnessed hate against Jews she was seven. The victim was her father, Rabbi Yonah Blum, who was the head of Columbia Universitys Chabad House for 23 years. As they walked from synagogue near the campus, a man came up behind him yelling anti-Semitic slurs and slapped his black fedora and his skullcap off his head.

Were very separated people when it comes to different topics but something that has been coming up since the (Monsey) attack, is that we all stand together, she said on a recent Friday as she prepared for the start of the Jewish Sabbath.

Since the Dec. 10 fatal shootings at a Jewish grocery store in Jersey City, there have been 33 anti-Semitic incidents in the U.S., including 26 in New York and New Jersey, according to the Anti-Defamation Leagues Tracker of Anti-Semitic Incidents.

During a recent trip to a conference of young Jewish leaders in New York City, Hezzy Segal, 16, sometimes tucked his yarmulke under his purple Minnesota Vikings snow hat.

Ive never been scared of being Jewish, but with the rise in anti-Semitism, I was more aware of it, said the Minnetonka, Minnesota teen. Its sad, its scary for all Jews.

Forty-five percent of teenagers feel that anti-Semitism is a problem for todays teens, according to the largest study of Jewish teens conducted in North America. The Jewish Education Projects GenZ Now Research Report included 18,000 respondents and was published in March 2019.

Ive already been on my guard a lot, said Thando Mlauzi, 25, a UCLA junior, who is majoring in English.

One of my hopes and dreams is that we live in a world, in a society, where it doesnt matter that Im black and Jewish, said Mlauzi, who converted to Judaism in 2018.

On a recent Friday, Alexandra Cohen, 29, chopped tomatoes before guests arrived for a Shabbat dinner in her studio apartment decorated with menorahs and flags of Israel.

Cohen said that her connection to Judaism grew stronger after someone put an anti-Semitic message on the door of her dorm at Johns Hopkins University, and later when she traveled to Israel. She said she is combating the negative environment by exposing the positive side of Jewish life.

The Anti-Defamation League has worked on initiatives, including its No Place for Hate anti-bias, anti-bullying initiative, which is in place in schools. Another includes working with juvenile offenders who are involved in some of the incidents.

Reformed neo-Nazi Shannon Foley Martinez helps people quit hate organizations. She feels she must spread the message that people can change their lives. She hopes her story is a warning to parents.

People have preconceived notions of who they think violent white supremacists are, said Martinez, who at 15 became a skinhead who spouted white supremacist rhetoric, gave stiff-armed Nazi salutes and tagged walls with swastikas.

I grew up in a family with two middle-class parents who have been married for 51 years, I was one of the smartest kids in my class, I was a championship athlete at one point of my life. I dont fit what peoples ideas are of who is vulnerable to radicalize into these ideas, she said.

My story is important because of that. We have to look at ourselves and our children and think: This could be my child. Am I actively and intentionally taking steps to not find resonance and find resistance to hate?'

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