And Hashem heard the voice of Yishmael – The Jewish Star

Posted By on November 17, 2019

By Rabbi David Etengoff

One of the many challenging verses in our parasha, Vayera, concerns the nature of Yishmaels behavior at the moment he is about to die of thirst: And G-d heard kol hanaar (the lads voice), and an angel of G-d called to Hagar from heaven, and said to her, What is troubling you, Hagar? Fear not, for G-d has heard kol hanaar baasher hu sham (the lads voice in the place where he is). (Beresihit 21:17)The two terms, kol hanaar and baasher hu sham, are difficult to understand, since their meaning is elusive. Does kol hanaar refer to Yishmaels voice, his cry, or to something else entirely? Then, too, baasher hu sham seems superfluous on every level, for after all, where else would Hashem have heard Yismael other than the place where he is?Chapter 30 of Midrash Pirkei d Rabi Eliezer contextualizes and, in so doing, interprets the phrase, kol hanaar through the use of the following narrative: Yishmaels very being was exhausted from thirst, and that point, he went and he threw himself under one of the desert bushes. [At that moment he] said: Master of all worlds! If You have the desire to give me water to drink, give me water to drink and do not allow my soul to depart from me as a result of the extreme thirst I am suffering; for death from thirst is different from and more difficult than all other forms of death! And the Holy One blessed be He heard his tefilah, as the texts states: And G-d heard kol hanaar. According to this midrash, kol hanaar clearly refers to the heartfelt tefilah Yishmael uttered at this moment of mortal danger. If this is the case, the midrash is teaching us something universally applicable, namely, Yishmaels personal prayer experience, and its positive outcome, is available to everyone. This idea was given powerful voice by David HaMelech when he famously declared, Hashem is near to all who call Him, to all who call upon Him with truth. (Tehillim 145:18)At first glance, baasher hu sham does not seem connected to kol hanaar and, as suggested earlier, appears completely unnecessary. If so, why does our verse include this phrase? Perhaps this question is one of the reasons Rashi suggests the following interpretation: Where he is: According to the deeds that he does now he is judged and not according to what he is destined to do (Talmud Bavli, Rosh Hashanah 16b). For the ministering angels acted as accusers and said: O L-rd of the Universe, for one [that is, Yishmaels descendants] who is destined to kill Your children with thirst, You are bringing up a well?! And He answered them, What is he now, righteous or wicked? They replied, Righteous. He said to them, According to his present deeds I judge him (Midrash Bereishit Rabbah 53:14). And that is the meaning of where he is. In one deft stroke, Rashis midrashicaly-infused analysis teaches us that baasher hu sham does not refer to a physical location; rather, it is a description of Yishmaels existential state at the moment of uttering his tefilah to the Almighty. As such, kol hanaar and baasher hu sham are actually closely intertwined, and each advances the understanding of the other.Our knowing that Hashem judges us according to our present deeds, instead of any future missteps we may take, causes us to be inspired with a sense of security and suggests that we are able to honor and serve Him through our actions. As Shlomo HaMelech taught us some 3,000 years ago: The end of the matter, everything having been heard, treat G-d with awe and keep His commandments, for this is the ultimate purpose of man. (Kohelet 12:13) May we then be zoche (merit) to be in a place where Hashem will be willing to hear, and answer, our tefilot.As we say three times each day in the Shemoneh Esrai: Hear our voice, Hashem our G-d, pity and be compassionate to us, and accept with compassion and favor our prayer, for You are G-d Who hears prayers and supplications Vchane yihi ratzon.

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And Hashem heard the voice of Yishmael - The Jewish Star

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